Medical Departures

The Ultimate Guide to Gender Reassignment in Thailand

Last fact-checked: 4 January 2023

Gender reassignment surgery (also known as sex-change, gender affirmation, or sex reassignment surgery (SRS)) refers to medical procedures sought by transgender or non-binary individuals which align one’s physical appearance or functional ability with the gender to which they identify.

While such surgeries have become increasingly more commonplace around the world thanks to improved techniques and greater awareness of this often-stigmatized issue, the cost of gender reassignment surgery still poses a major stumbling block.

When traveling to Thailand, however, patients save between 60% to 70% on the cost of their surgery (which can total more than $40,000 in countries like Australia, the UK and the US), as well as skip the long waiting lists often found in the West.

Use Medical Departures to find a world-class surgeon in Thailand, one of the world’s leading destinations for gender reassignment.

What Is the Cost of Sex Reassignment Surgery in Thailand?

For many patients, the cost of undergoing gender reassignment surgery in their own country can be prohibitive. By choosing to undergo treatment in Thailand, treatment becomes a much more realistic and attainable dream.

The overall cost will depend upon the extent of the work to be carried out; as a general guide:

A male-to-female sex change (genital reconstruction only) operation in the US could cost as much as USD $25,000 - 30,000 (AUD 36,000 - 44,000)

In Thailand, the same medical treatment at an established, well-regarded facility costs around USD $7,000 - $12,000.

For patients seeking to add breast augmentation (implants), voice feminisation surgery, and Adam’s apple reduction (tracheal shave), prices may often exceed $50,000 in the West.

In Thailand, these surgeries generally cost around two-thirds less than in the US, UK or Australia. Thus, for a package that includes genital reconstruction, breast augmentation and voice feminisation surgery, the total cost is estimated to be USD $15,000 - $25,000.

See the table below comparing SRS prices in Thailand with other countries:

Is Gender Reassignment Surgery Covered by Insurance Companies for Healthcare Providers at Home?

Finding coverage for any transition-related surgery can be a long and challenging process for those who would normally rely on private health insurance.

Many states in the US, for example, have laws that explicitly exclude such coverage, while those companies that do offer financial help typically require patients to endure prolonged hormone therapy, show proof of “ persistent and well-documented gender dysphoria ” over a set period of time and present numerous referral letters from doctors, mental health professionals and even family.

Why Choose Thailand for Gender Reassignment Surgery?

At its peak, Thailand welcomes more than 40 million international visitors a year. And while most tourists are drawn thanks to the allure of the country’s beautiful beaches, ancient temples, sprawling jungles, luxury shopping and exotic cuisine, many others travel for the sole reason of taking advantage of affordable plastic surgery prices–which includes SRS–with treatment carried out in state-of-the-art clinics and hospitals by highly skilled, specialist doctors who are often recognised for their expertise at a global level.

Below, we sum up the reasons to choose Thailand for SRS and related sex affirmation treatments.

Quality of Care: The continued growth of medical tourism in Thailand has seen the emergence of a wealth of world-class facilities, staffed by internationally-trained medical experts.

From modern beauty centers focusing on only select treatments to specialized departments within larger private hospitals, medical travelers now enjoy a healthy choice of well-established facilities that have all been fully verified by Medical Departures. In fact, Thailand is home to the most Joint Commission International (JCI) hospitals in the region and is the gold standard of international medical accreditation.

Some of the Gender Reassignment Specialists:   It is also worth noting here that Thailand has been a pioneering country for gender reassignment ; the first surgery was carried out here in 1975. Today, around 90% of the patients undergoing surgery in Thailand are welcomed from abroad.

Scroll down to examine some of our top-rated SRS clinics and hospitals and Thailand, with each dedicated listing page providing more information about the facility, as well as photos, prices, doctor profiles and patient reviews.

Prices: As we have looked at above, patients can typically look forward to saving at least 50% on the price of an SRS procedure in Thailand; many indeed find that the total cost is closer to 70% less than private care in the US, UK and Australia–as these countries will often not include other essential expenses in initial price quotes, such as anesthesia, in-patient care, medication and even consultation fees.

To find out how much you can save in Thailand on sex reassignment surgery, as well as how you can benefit from our Best Price Guarantee , you can connect with our Customer Care Team any time of the day or night.

How to Find the Best Gender Reassignment Surgeons in Thailand

The Medical Departures team takes the necessary time to research the finest hospitals and doctors available, performing background checks to confirm doctor qualifications and verifying associations with professional medical organizations, such as the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ISAPS) .

How Do We Verify Clinics?

Our website contains exclusive listings of reputable clinics and surgeons available throughout Thailand. We have performed site visits to ensure that equipment and facilities are of the highest standard, and we conduct regular reviews with patients that have attended our clinics to ensure that they have received first-class service.

Considering this is a highly-specialized procedure, we make sure that every surgeon performing the procedure is a member of professional organizations both in Thailand and abroad. These can be found listed in the ‘Doctors’ section on each of our clinic/hospital listings, and include:

The Thai Medical Council

Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons of Thailand

Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons of Thailand

International Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Royal College of Surgeons of Thailand

Medical Association of Thailand

We also ensure that surgeons have undertaken rigorous training in the field, such as completing courses provided by the Global Education Institute (GEI) that follow globally-recognised guidelines, standards of care and best practices as set out by the WPATH World Professional Association for Transgender Health .

Best Sex Change Surgeons in Thailand

One of the top facilities in the country for various gender-affirming procedures is the highly-rated Kamol Hospital . Located in Bangkok, Dr. Kamol is globally recognized as one of the most experienced surgeons in the world for gender reassignment. A large team of surgeons is led by Dr. Kamol Pansritum, a world-renowned specialist in plastic surgery who has performed more than 10,000 cases of sex reassignment and facial feminization surgeries.

Kamol Hospital's specialists consist of gynecologists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, dermatologists, anesthesiologists and other clinical professionals who work as a team to provide the utmost care in the Thai capital.

For more options, take a look at three more trusted facilities in Thailand that offer sex-change surgery to international patients:

Asia Cosmetic Hospital  (Bangkok)

Yanhee Hospital Health & Beauty   (Bangkok)

MAXi Cosmetic Surgery  (Bangkok)

> All Clinics and Hospitals for Gender Reassignment in Thailand

> Clinics and Hospitals for Gender Reassignment in Bangkok

About Gender Reassignment Surgery

Gender reassignment surgery (or “sex reassignment surgery” (SRS)) is the term given to the medical procedure (or procedures) that are utilized to alter the function and physical appearance of a patient’s existing sexual characteristics.

Sometimes referred to as Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS), the treatment is designed to provide the patient with the physical appearance of their identified gender. The process is also known as sex realignment surgery, gender confirmation surgery or genital reconstruction surgery.

In Brief: What Surgical Procedures Can Gender Reassignment Entail?

There are numerous procedures that can fall under the gender reassignment umbrella, and these surgeries differ between trans men (female to male) and trans women (male to female). The main genital reconstruction procedures (m2f / f2m), are:

For trans men, genital reconstruction usually involves the construction of a penis through either a metoidioplasty or a phalloplasty.

For trans women, the surgical construction of a vagina usually entails a penile inversion or a process known as the sigmoid colon neovagina technique.

For both trans men and trans women, any genital reconstruction surgery will usually involve other procedures, such as:



Other Gender-Affirming Procedures & Plastic Surgery

“Top” surgery, to masculinise the chest

Facial feminization procedures, such as chin augmentation and rhinoplasty

Reduction thyroid chondroplasty (tracheal cartilage shave)

Voice feminisation surgery

Tracheal shave (Adam’s apple reduction)

Augmentation mammoplasty

Breast Implants


What Does Male-to-Female Gender Reassignment Surgery Entail?

Ultimately, male-to-female surgery entails reshaping the male genitals into a form that has the appearance of and, where possible, the function of female genitalia. Before any surgery can take place, patients are usually required to undergo hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and, possibly, facial hair removal. Other procedures that a patient may decide to undertake include breast augmentation and facial feminization surgery.

Genital surgery, or vaginoplasty, involves the removal of the testicles before the skin and foreskin of the penis are inverted, keeping the blood and nerve supplies intact to retain sensitivity. A section of the glans penis can also be used to create a clitoris that is fully supplied with nerve endings.

Once this procedure is complete, further surgery (known as labiaplasty) is usually undertaken. This is usually carried out once the surrounding tissues, nerves and blood supply have recovered from the vaginoplasty and is designed to enhance the aesthetic appearance of the newly-created outer vulva.

Apart from genital surgery, patients may opt for other procedures to enhance the overall results. These can include:

Breast augmentation–otherwise known as breast enlargement, can be utilized if hormone therapy fails to yield the desired results (normally with the use of implants)

Facial feminization surgery–a range of cosmetic surgeries designed to modify bone or cartilage structures in areas such as the cheeks, nose, forehead, brow and jaw to give a more feminine appearance

Voice feminization surgery–called glottoplasty, this procedure is used to alter the range or pitch of the patient's vocal cords

Tracheal shave–the reduction of cartilage in the throat to reduce the size of the Adam's apple, giving a more feminine appearance

What Does Female-to-Male Gender Reassignment Surgery Entail?

Unlike the male-to-female procedure, many trans men considering female-to-male surgery do not always undergo genital reassignment surgery.

Specialists usually place more focus on altering the existing physical female anatomical traits to conform to a more masculine appearance. However, it is usual for a patient to undergo hormone treatment using testosterone before any gender reassignment surgery takes place.

Procedures usually include having the internal female sex organs removed (hysterectomy), undergoing a bilateral mastectomy (breast removal) and attaining a more typically male shape to the chest through chest contouring techniques:

Mastectomy–sometimes referred to as "top surgery," this involves the removal of the breasts, repositioning of the nipples, and subsequent reshaping of the chest to give a more masculine, contoured appearance.

Hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: a hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus, whilst a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) is the removal of both ovaries and fallopian tubes. For some trans men, this is undertaken to alleviate the discomfort of having female internal reproductive organs, but for many, it is done to reduce the risk of cancer.

Metoidioplasty and phalloplasty–these are genital reconstructive procedures (GRT) used to construct a new penis, either by enlarging the clitoris with androgenic hormones (metoidioplasty) or through using tissue grafts from other parts of the body in conjunction with an erectile prosthetic.

Risks and Complications

As with any other surgical procedure, sex change surgery comes with a set of potential complications, although risk factors can be mitigated by choosing a trusted surgeon (who will be working with an experienced anesthesiologist) as well as following the correct pre-surgical protocols.

Postoperative care is just as important as preoperative care: events such as genitalia swelling, bleeding, nerve damage, pain, inability to walk and difficulties with urination are some of the most reported complications in regard to sex change surgery.

Your surgeon will thoroughly explain any risks associated with surgery and anesthesia during an initial consultation.

For more information, read these  safety considerations regarding transfeminine bottom surgery  provided by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Where to Go in Thailand for SRS

The first and most-traveled destination in Thailand for sex reassignment surgery is the capital, Bangkok.

Home to the best SRS specialists in the country, sex-change surgery—or at least the concept of it—is fairly commonplace here in this sprawling megacity and does not carry the same negative stigma that it can in many parts of the US, Australia and Europe.

Bangkok is one of the world’s leading medical tourist destinations and also one of the world's most popular spots in Asia for families, couples and solo backpackers looking for an exotic getaway. Before or after your surgery, you will discover a long list of attractions and activities to enjoy. From food, shopping and thriving nightlife districts to taking in the sights and culture of this temple-packed city – you’ll find this fascinating city provides endless opportunities for enjoying Thai hospitality.

Bangkok’s attractions are varied –from dazzling temples and floating markets to designer shopping malls and effervescent nightlife–where you can eat some devilishly delicious street food on the cheap, or indulge in a high-end dining experience at one of the city’s glitzy rooftop restaurants. Bangkok has everything a modern city should have while retaining the allure and uniqueness of the old city.

> Read More:   Ultimate Guide to Doctors in Bangkok

Another destination to consider for gender affirmation surgery in Thailand is Phuket. As the country’s largest island province, Phuket offers the same modern infrastructure and amenities as Bangkok–plus the welcome addition of tropical, white-sand beaches that are synonymous with this southern region next to the Andaman Sea.

Although not offering the same wide choice as the capital, we can recommend the superb Phuket Plastic Surgery Institute , which works with a team of more than 10 plastic surgery specialists. These English-speaking doctors are highly experienced and have earned international recognition as leaders in their particular disciplines, which include sex reassignment procedures.

> Read More: Ultimate Guide to Doctors in Phuket

Other Destinations in Thailand

If you are planning to enjoy some downtime before surgery, Thailand has a wealth of other top locations to choose from. Check out these destination guides aimed at medical tourists visiting Northern Thailand (Chiang Mai) and Chonburi province (Pattaya city).

> Ultimate Guide to Doctors in Chiang Mai

> Ultimate Guide to Doctors in Pattaya

In certain cases, medical tourists in Thailand do travel to another location following surgery to complete their recovery. This is usually only permitted following a set number of days or even weeks of bed rest after being discharged from the hospital. Always consult your surgeon about any travel plans you may have and follow aftercare instructions carefully (such as not swimming, engaging in vigorous activity and avoiding the hot sun).

Sex Change FAQs

Q. How old do I need to be for sex change surgery in Thailand?

A. Anyone 20 years old and older is eligible for gender reassignment surgery in Thailand. A person aged between 18 and 20 must receive consent from an authorized guardian.

Q. Will I have to undergo hormone therapy before getting a sex change in Thailand?

A. Yes, hospitals will typically require patients to have undergone hormone therapy for at least one year; reach out to one of our representatives for more information before you book.

Q. Can different sex reassignment procedures be performed concurrently? A. Yes, a team of surgeons can perform certain procedures during the same session of surgery, such as penile inversion vaginoplasty combined with voice feminisation. Other reconstructive surgeries, such as breast/chin augmentation may need to be done separately.

Q. How long do I have to wait to see an SRS surgeon in Thailand?

A. Waiting times for any type of surgery in Thailand are generally much shorter than in the West; Medical Departures can facilitate an initial consultation in a matter of days, depending on the hospital/surgeon of choice.

Q. How long will I need to stay in Thailand to complete my sex change?

A. This will depend on the number and type of procedures to be performed; on average, inpatient length of stay is estimated to be between 5 - 14 days. Your doctor will advise how long you’ll need to stay in the country for recovery and post-surgery care.

Q. How much Is sex change surgery in Thailand?

A. SRS surgery in Thailand typically costs between $7,000 - $12,000 (penile inversion); other associated surgeries generally cost around one-third of prices in the West. You will want to confirm pricing and treatment plan with your chosen clinic(s).

How Do I Get Started?

 Booking through Medical Departures maximizes your savings thanks to our Best Price Guarantee  which ensures that you pay the lowest rate possible for your treatment. We can even help with additional medical insurance by putting you in touch with a number of independent insurance providers who can offer you preferential rates on their policies.

In Thailand, gender reassignment is affordable and delivers outstanding results. To find out how much you can save, get in touch with a member of our Customer Care Team now and start planning your life-changing surgery today.

How Thailand Became a Global Gender-Change Destination. Bloomberg. 17 October 2015.

WPATH World Professional Association for Transgender Health. Website accessed: 28 November 2022.

International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Website accessed: 28 November 2022.

Joint Commission International. Website accessed: 28 November 2022.

Brazier, Yvette. What you need to know about breast augmentation. Medical News Today. 3 April 2017.

Vaginoplasty and Labiaplasty. WebMD. 19 April 2019.

A, Brooke. Is Gender Reassignment Surgery Covered by Health Insurance? Mira. 23 August 2022 .

Transfeminine Bottom Surgery. American Society of Plastic Surgeons. Website accessed: 28 November 2022.

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Kavitha Sivasamy will fly to Bangkok in May for gender-affirming surgery.

‘They just go to Thailand’: the long and costly wait for gender-affirming surgery in Australia

Transgender Australians seeking lower body procedures can go to just a handful of local surgeons. It means long waits, huge costs and difficult decisions

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T wo years ago, Kavitha Sivasamy, an articulate, elegant Canberra lawyer, began to face her fears about undergoing gender-affirming surgery. “It’s really scary to go through something so invasive,” she says.

Gender dysphoria had been causing “a lot of distress” in Sivasamy’s day-to-day life. “It can prevent you getting out the door, having and keeping a job, sustaining healthy relationships,” the 27-year-old says. “The list goes on.”

She embarked on a course of hormone replacement therapy, and she liked the physical changes she was seeing, but this meant her “genital dysphoria became more salient”. There was a disconnect between her aspirations for her body and how it looked in the moment.

Sivasamy at home

But Australia is facing a shortfall in surgeons who perform lower body gender-affirming procedures. So , in a route that experts say more Australian trans people are taking, Sivasamy will travel to Thailand for surgery under a medical tourism company’s “one-month care package”. Like some others, she will access her superannuation to pay for the $30,000 procedure.

Sivasamy made her choice after spending many months researching the experiences that others had of surgery. She decided a peritoneal pull-through, adapted from a procedure pioneered in India on cisgender women born without a vagina, was the type of vaginoplasty with the most positive benefits for her.

The standard vaginoplasty has long been a penile inversion, where penis skin is refashioned as the lining of a new vagina. The newer method, using tissue from the patient’s peritoneum membrane in the abdominal cavity, is said to offer greater vaginal depth. However, there is a lack of data on post-surgical quality of life for trans patients.

Sivasamy had been referred to Dr Kieran Hart , a Canberra-based urologist who performs this procedure, but she soon learned that she might have to wait a year and a half to have the surgery here. The idea of delay only compounded her distress.

“Having overcome family, workplace and social barriers, why put the critical years of your 20s and 30s on hold because of the wait in Australia?” she says. She will fly to Bangkok in May.

One surgeon, 120 patients waiting

Only a handful of Australian surgeons offer lower body gender-affirming surgery such as vaginoplasty for trans women, with even fewer offering phalloplasty (penis creation) for trans men. No surgical college offers formal training guidelines, forcing doctors to learn overseas.

Trans health advocates say Medicare is “woeful” and failing to offer any item numbers for medical procedures specifically for gender incongruence, causing confusion about what, if any, aspects of gender-affirming surgeries are eligible for government subsidy.

Private health insurance coverage for gender-affirming surgery is often prohibitively expensive. Even a fully insured person is left out of pocket by up to $20,000 for a vaginoplasty performed in Australia.

An evidence brief prepared in 2021 by the New South Wales community health organisation ACON found that most states and territories have elective surgery policies that “explicitly restrict access to surgical interventions for trans people through public health systems”, forcing trans people into local private care or surgery abroad.

Dr Clara Tuck Meng Soo , a GP and the president of the Australian Professional Association for Trans Health (Auspath), says a lot of her patients “now don’t even bother to go on the waitlist; they just choose to go to Thailand”.

“We have very high rates of mental health harm , and this care and affirmation and support is critical to reducing that harm,” says Soo, who is a trans woman. “But shouldn’t we also be able to access care that we feel we need as a human right?”

Hart says he has 120 trans patients booked and waiting for gender-affirming surgeries, with another 70 scheduled for consultations, and estimates “probably 10 times more” trans people are waiting for surgery across Australia.

Urologist Kieran Hart is ‘convinced’ that surgery ‘must drop the suicide rate’.

Hart has closed his bookings and will reopen them in the second half of this year for consultations to be held in 2024 – with potential surgeries months later.

However, he says he will expedite a surgery if a psychiatrist or family is worried a patient might not survive an 18-month wait. Transgender people have vastly higher self-harm rates than the general population – a 2021 study found 43% of trans Australians surveyed had attempted suicide .

Like others performing lower body gender-affirming surgeries in Australia, Hart came by training in the area by chance: he was taught by the late Phil Thomas at London’s Charing Cross hospital. Hart had only travelled there to train in prostate and bladder cancer surgery.

Based on follow-ups of how patients fared physically and mentally after the procedures, Hart is “convinced” that surgery “must drop the suicide rate”.

Over the past year, Hart’s workload increased in part because of the waves of referrals he was getting from two surgeons winding down their vaginoplasty procedures, including Melbourne plastic surgeon Andrew Ives . Until recently Ives a high profile in the field, but, as his office confirmed in an email, he ceased performing vaginoplasty and labiaplasty procedures at the end of 2022.

In February, Melbourne’s Monash Gender Clinic told patients that it was only then booking appointments for patients referred in August 2021, and that Melbourne plastic surgeon Cheng Lo , trained in vaginoplasty and labiaplasty by Ives, has “very long wait lists”. Cheng did not respond to interview requests.

Hart says: “Andy Ives and I were looking at doing a formalised training program [for gender-affirming surgery], and as he stepped back I’ve looked at doing it myself, but it’s a daunting task. The [Royal Australasian] College of Surgeons has been a bit slow on the uptake for it, like every facet of the transgender sphere.”

In May, the college will hold a scientific congress titled Equity in Surgery in Adelaide, including for the first time talks on transgender healthcare. The college’s president, Sally Langley, admits in the program that the college’s surgeons “have not fully represented the gender … composition of our community”, but declined an interview request.

The many kinds of risk

Sivasamy acknowledges there are “risks” in having surgery in Thailand, but says the country “pioneered a lot of these procedures”.

Travelling abroad for these surgeries, even to a country that has pioneered them, comes with warnings of caution. Soo mentions reports of trans women suffering vagina narrowing or urethra complications after surgery, both in Australia and overseas. The question is: once the patient is back in Australia, who corrects the error?

Hart says surgeons are reluctant to fix another surgeon’s mistakes: “It’s impractical coming from Perth to Canberra to have it fixed up, but it’s far more practical than getting to Bangkok. As a developed nation there’s no reason people should be going overseas.”

Soo says there is also a shortfall of GPs, psychologists and other practitioners in trans health, but evidence “shows if you provide gender-affirming care, be it hormone treatment, surgery and/or social affirmation, [trans] people have very good mental health virtually indistinguishable from cisgender peers”.

Associate Prof Nicola Dean, the president of the Australian Society of Plastic Surgeons, says the federal government must create a dedicated suite of Medicare rebate item numbers for procedures for people with gender incongruence. This would encourage more surgeons into the field, Dean says, giving the surgeries a “stamp of legitimacy”.

For instance, the Medicare item number for a mastectomy was created on the assumption the procedure would be for a cisgender woman with breast cancer. “So using it for a trans man having surgery [to affirm his identity] leaves the doctor feeling vulnerable about whether they’re allowed to use those item numbers,” Dean says.

“It leaves the patient vulnerable because they’re often not sure of the financial implications.”

Associate Prof Peter Haertsch , a Sydney-based plastic surgeon, says he continues to perform about six vaginoplasty procedures a year. At his peak he was performing 30 gender-affirming procedures a year in Australia, beginning in the late 1980s after training in London.

Heartsch says some Australian surgeons have recently exited the field, but he doesn’t know why. “I have tried and am still trying to get some form of help in the way of government funding,” he says.

Another Sydney plastic surgeon, Dr David Caminer, says he performed his first vaginoplasty on a trans person in 2015, after which he toured the US and Europe to watch surgical units perform gender-affirming surgeries.

Up to the end of 2022 he had performed only a few vaginoplasties on trans patients, mainly with the penile inversion technique. But Caminer says so far in 2023 he has performed seven vaginoplasties due to the growing demand. “It was really since Andy Ives stopped doing it that I’ve been inundated with requests,” he says.

The Brisbane-based Dr Hans Goossen , who did not respond to interview requests, performs nearly all the phalloplasty procedures on trans men in Australia, according to the various trans health advocates Guardian Australia spoke to. Another surgeon, the Melbourne-based Dr Gideon Blecher , “has trained in phalloplasty and he is still trying to establish the program in Melbourne”, a spokesperson for Blecher said.

Fiona Bisshop, a Brisbane-based GP and former president of Auspath, says phalloplasty is particularly difficult for trans men to access in Australia, costing more than twice as much as a vaginoplasty. Bishop says almost all phalloplasty procedures have some complication, but three of her trans male patients who went overseas had particularly “terrible outcomes”.

“You can have some very bad experiences over in Thailand,” she says. “There are communication difficulties: the surgeons and hospital staff don’t speak very much English.”

Teddy Cook says says legal gender recognition rules in NSW and other states are ‘cruel’.

Bisshop says many of her trans patients have “given up on gender-affirmation surgeries, because it is completely out of financial reach”, and she calls the “lack of respectability” afforded to gender-affirming surgery a “vicious circle”, because it is not offered in Australian teaching hospitals where physicians would normally train.

Gender-affirming care

Sydney-based Teddy Cook , ACON’s director of community health, says gender-affirming care means many types of “health interventions of critical need”, and such needs must be “depathologised” and trans people given autonomy.

The lack of comprehensive gender-affirming healthcare in Australia may be because this care is misunderstood as simply cosmetic or solely related to genital surgery, and because trans people are “seen through a lens of being mentally ill, as opposed to just being a natural part of human diversity”, Cook says.

Cook, who is a trans man, says not all trans people seek surgical intervention: “It’s up to the individual what sort of steps they take medically, but cruel legal gender recognition laws in NSW and other states still force surgical sterilisation to update a birth certificate.”

Cook says no reliable figures exist on how many trans people there are in Australia to better plan health services. When unveiling a 10-year national action plan for LGBTQ+ health in March, the assistant health minister, Ged Kearney, said attorney general Mark Dreyfus “might have things to say” about counting LGBTQ+ people in the census, but no announcement has been forthcoming.

As Sivasamy readies for her flight to Thailand, she knows she is one of the lucky ones, not least because she has enough money at a young age to finance the trip.

“The majority of people my age don’t have the superannuation funds to get this done,” she says.

She then opens her palms and waves her hands away, as if to banish doubts about a lack of contingency plan after the procedure. “Definitely, if there’s a readmission surgery necessary, I don’t have the money for that, you know?”

She laughs. “I have no idea what would happen. We’ll just have to cross that route if we come to it.”

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Gender Change Surgery in Thailand

Gender Change in Thailand

Thailand is known to accommodate a large transgender population in the world for Gender Reassignment Surgery and it is one of the most accepting cultures.

Every year, the number of international patients traveling to Thailand to undergo sex change surgery continues to increase. Health care in Thailand offers affordable prices, highly trained and experienced surgeons, and the culture's open-mindedness towards gender identity makes the Country the Gender Reassignment Capital of the World.

Gender identity is a very important characteristic of human beings, and a change in sexual identity is a vital change that a person can experience.

Gender Identity Disorder (GID) or gender dysphoria is defined by an intense, persistent feeling of identification with the opposite gender and discomfort with one’s own assigned sex.

The ratio of the Thai/ Foreign MTF (Male to Female) transsexual patients operated in Thailand:

What is sex reassignment surgery (gender change surgery).

Sex reassignment surgery (SRS) is a surgical procedure, or a series of procedures, that alters a transsexual person's physical appearance and sexual characteristics to resemble those associated with their identified gender.

The term SRS is also known as Gender Reassignment Surgery (GRS), Gender Confirmation Surgery (GCS), and several other names.

Professional Medical Organizations have established Standards of Care, which apply before someone can opt for and receive reassignment surgery, including psychological evaluation, and a period of real-life experience living in the desired gender.

Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS) involves multiple procedures which can be performed on males or females who are transitioning into the opposite gender, respectively.

Feminization Surgeries (Male to Female)-

Male To Female


Penile inversion

Bowel vaginoplasty



Chest reconstruction

Vaginoplasty : 

Vaginoplasty is a surgical procedure in which neovagina or neovulva is constructed from existing genital or abdominal tissue.

During a vaginoplasty, the surgeon forms the inner and outer labia of the vagina by utilizing skin from the penis and scrotum. Tissue from your other body parts can also be used such as a foreskin to build a vaginal opening, create a clitoris with skin from your penis, and create a new urethra so you can urinate.

After the vaginoplasty surgery, you will have to stay in the hospital for about five days. 

Aftercare - For six months, you will need to dilate your vagina two to three times a day with the help of a lubricated dilator by inserting into the vaginal canal and holding it there for a set number of minutes. 

Penile Inversion:

Penile inversion is a common vaginoplasty technique. The testicles and scrotum are removed and the glands of the penis are made into a clitoris.

Bowel Vaginoplasty:

Bowel vaginoplasty is a common type of vaginoplasty technique. 

As with penile inversion, in vaginoplasty the testicles and scrotum are removed, the glands made into a clitoris, and the neovulva constructed from scrotal and urethral tissue.


In Vulvoplasty, the surgeon takes tissue from the penis to create the external parts of the vagina such as the clitoris, inner and outer labia, the vaginal opening. 

After a Vulvoplasty, patients will have to stay in the hospital for three days.

What is the difference between Vulvoplasty and Vaginoplasty?

The main difference between a vulvoplasty and a vaginoplasty is the absence of a vaginal canal. A vulvoplasty is not performed to create a vaginal canal, so you cannot have vaginal intercourse after a vulvoplasty.

Orchiectomy :

Orchiectomy is the surgical process by which testicles are removed from the body. It is a much simpler procedure as compared to vaginoplasty or vulvoplasty and can be performed under local anesthesia in under 20 minutes. 

The benefit of orchiectomy - the body will naturally produce less testosterone.

Recovery is usually mild, although some may experience bruising or bleeding for a few days after surgery.

It may be performed with or without the removal of the scrotum.

Tracheal Shave:

A tracheal shave is a procedure done to reduce the size of an Adam’s apple, often it is done as part of facial feminization surgery. 

Procedure - the surgeon will make a small incision under the chin, folding back the muscles covering the thyroid cartilage, and then stitch up the incision.

Chest Reconstruction :

This procedure is for transgender men to transition physically to their self-affirmed gender.

In this, a special technique is used to reshape and reduce the chest wall, adjust the nipple and areola, and reduce scarring.

Note - Research suggests that most transgender men are satisfied with the results of their surgery.

Masculinization Surgeries (Female to Male)-

Female to Male

Before starting the female-to-male gender-affirming surgery, a person will receive testosterone replacement therapy.

Hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy

Genital reassignment (Genital reconstructive procedures)



Penile implants

Facial masculinization

Hysterectomy and Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy:

A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove the uterus.

total hysterectomy includes the removal of the uterus and cervix

Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) is the removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes.

Hysterectomy can be performed through three methods: 


After SRS treatment, patients may need to follow a lifelong course of masculinizing or feminizing hormone replacement therapy.


Phalloplasty is done to construct a neopenis using a flap (graft) from the patient's arm, thigh, abdomen, or back.


Scarring in the area where the graft was taken

Skin graft failure or tissue death


A metoidioplasty is a process of constructing a new penis or neopenis.

Metoidioplasty is performed after the clitoris has been enlarged using hormone replacement therapy. The neopenis is built through an enlarged clitoris, with or without extension of the urethra to allow urine to flow while standing. 

The surgeon also removes the vagina, during the surgery.

The advantage of a metoidioplasty is that the neopenis may become erect, due to the erectile abilities of clitoral tissue but neopenis resulting from a metoidioplasty is often too small for penetrative sex.

A metoidioplasty procedure typically takes 2–5 hours. 

Note : Following the initial surgery, additional procedures may be necessary.

Penile Implants :

A penile implant is used for phalloplasty surgery when the neophallus is to achieve a proper erection. Penile implants are used in cisgender men to treat erectile dysfunction, and in transgender men during Gender Reassignment Surgery.

Facial Masculinization:

Facial masculinization alters anatomical features to achieve an appearance that aligns more closely with desired gender identity. 

This can be achieved by:

Surgical options - by reconstruction of the forehead, nose, upper lip, or chin. 

Non-surgical options - with injections to alter the jawline and chin.

The recovery time from Sex Reassignment Surgery varies, depending on the procedure and factors such as the person’s overall health and lifestyle choices. For example,

Smoking slows down the healing process and increases the risk of complications following surgery. If a person smokes or uses any substance with nicotine, the medical team may not consider them eligible for this type of surgery.

After gender-affirming surgery, most people need to stay in the hospital for at least a couple of days, rest and only engage in very limited activities for about 6 weeks or longer.

In the case of the urethral extension procedure, the patient needs to use a catheter for 3–4 weeks.

What are the complications that might occur after gender-affirming surgeries?

Urethral fistula — it is a tunneled connection that forms between the urethra and another part of the body

Urethral stricture — it is a narrowing that causes a blockage of urine flow within the urethra

reactions to anesthesia

dissatisfaction with the results  

How much does Sex Reassignment Surgery in Thailand costs?

The cost of a Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS) in Thailand is nearly one-third the price of those performed in the U.S. 

Thailand is leading in the manner of health care facilities, affordable prices, as well as surgeons trained to perform a gender transformation procedure.

Cost for Male-to-Female Surgery (MTF) -  The average gender reassignment surgery cost in Thailand for male-to-female (MTF) ranges around 257,250 THB (8,400 USD) to 577,500 THB (18,850 USD), depending on the procedure you opt for.  Some clinics in Thailand even provide lower male-to-female (MTF) gender reassignment surgery prices which can be as low as 89,000 THB (2,948 USD).  However, this cost might not be all-inclusive.

 Cost for Female-to-Male Surgery (FTM) - The average gender reassignment surgery cost in Thailand for female-to-male procedures ranges from around 74,000 THB (2,451 USD) to 336,000 THB (11,130 USD), depending on the clinic or hospital chosen. 

Top Hospitals for Gender Reassignment Surgery

  • Yanhee Hospital, Bangkok   Established in 1984, Yanhee Hospital is a multi-specialty treatment center providing healthcare services to both national and international patients. The broad range of cosmetic and plastic surgery services offered in the hospital, from breast augmentation, facelift, tummy tuck, liposuction, botox injection, dental whitening, facial treatment, hair transplant, butt lift, cheek implants, cosmetic gynecology, etc., makes it an ideal stop for beauty and cosmetic needs.
  • Kamol Cosmetic Hospital, Thailand The center was founded by Dr. Kamol Pansritum, who is one of the best surgeons for gender reassignment surgeries. The hospital performs over 700 sex reassignment surgeries and other procedures per year successfully and has gained a position worldwide as one of the leading centers in sex reassignment surgery (SRS) and cosmetic surgery.
  • Bumrungrad International Hospital, Bangkok It is a one-stop healthcare destination for all types of patients with the ability to handle complex care needs. The Hospital is a global pioneer in giving the best international standard healthcare services and one of the largest private multi-specialty hospitals in South East Asia with patients coming from over 190 countries annually.

Top Doctors for Gender Reassignment Surgery

  • Dr. Krairit Tiyakul Dr. Krairit Tiyakul is a plastic surgeon having more than 30 years of expertise. Services provided by him include eyelid uplift surgery, chin advancement and implant, facelift surgery, mandible angle reduction, nose augmentation, nose lift, and many more. 
  • Dr. Pramote Manurangsee Dr. Pramote Manurangsee has a rich 20 years of experience in cosmetic surgeries. He provides services like breast augmentation, Face Lifting, Breast Lift Surgery, Breast Reconstruction Surgery, Liposuction, and many more. 
  • Dr. Kamol Pansritum Dr. Kamol Pansritum is one of the renowned Plastic Surgeons in Bangkok, Thailand, having 27 years of experience. He performs more than 2,000 male-to-female sex reassignment surgeries each year. Since 1997, he has performed over 10,000 related procedures on transsexuals and over 5,000 sex reassignment surgeries.
  • Dr. Akaradech Attainsee Dr. Akaradech Attainsee is a well-known Plastic Surgeon with 23 years of experience. His specialization is in face modifying surgery and has performed more than 100 face surgery cases.
  • Dr. Preeyaphas Nilubol Dr. Preeyaphas Nilubol is one of the most reputed Plastic & Reconstructive Surgeons having 57 years of rich experience. He did MD from Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Thailand, in 1964 and Diplomate of The American Board of Plastic Surgery in 1973.  


Thailand offers high-standard medical services to native citizens and to foreign medical travelers seeking medical care. Since Thailand offers health care services at much lower prices, and with its advanced techniques for gender reassignment procedures which is why it is the most preferred destination for people looking for quality medical services.

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Dr. Muskan Singh is a Dentist by education but found her interests in research and writing. Her vast knowledge of medical sciences gives her an edge in healthcare content writing. She is passionate about traveling and exploring different cultures. 

The motto I live by is “Trying to be the best version of myself I could be.”

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cost of gender reassignment surgery in thailand

Sex Reassignment Surgery in Thailand

Quick overview.

Sex reassignment surgery (SRS) is a life-changing procedure that can help transgender individuals feel more comfortable and confident in their own body. Thailand is a leading destination for sex reassignment surgery, offering world-class facilities, experienced surgeons, and affordable prices.

The plastic surgeons in Thailand are known for their exceptional skills and their ability to achieve natural-looking results, ensuring that you feel like the best version of yourself. The country's medical staff is highly trained and dedicated to providing the best possible care.

The cost of SRS surgery in Thailand is also more affordable compared to other countries, making it an accessible option for those seeking the procedure.

If you're considering sex reassignment surgery, choose a destination that offers exceptional care, skilled surgeons and affordable prices. Take the first step towards embracing your true self with sex reassignment surgery in Thailand.

Compare prices

$12,000 - $25,000

$50,000 - $60,000

$50,000 - $100,000

$50,000 - $80,000

$25,000 - $40,000

Please note that the prices provided are estimations and may vary based on various factors. Additionally, these prices do not include flights or accommodation. All prices are in USD.

About the surgery

Sex reassignment surgery, also known as gender affirmation surgery, is usually the final step in the transgender process. Before this surgery, patients may go through a period of living as the gender they desire, taking hormones to make physical changes, and undergoing other surgeries such as breast or genital surgery. This type of surgery is intricate and irreversible, and is done to address both psychological and physical needs. Gender Reassignment Surgery (GRS) usually refers to multiple procedures that are done at the same time or in succession to transition your body from one gender to another. Breast surgery ( breast augmentation or mastectomy ), facial feminization surgery , genital surgery and other procedures such as hip or buttock implants , hair transplants or voice feminization surgery to alter your voice pitch.

Before the surgery

What makes the ideal candidate? - You are 20 years or older. Those between age 18 and 20 can also undergo gender reassignment surgery but need permission from their guardian - You have undergone a psychiatric assessment that supports your desire to change gender and/or are 100% sure you want to do the procedure. - You are aware of any legalities around doing this procedure both in Thailand as well as you're home country, such as changing your name or gender in official government records ‍ How to prepare for the surgery? In the months leading up to the surgery, it is best to focus on optimizing your health as this will make recovering from the surgery easier and decrease the possibility of complications. Eat healthy, exercise regularly and get enough rest. We also strongly urge candidates who smoke regularly to stop, as smoking can cause problems with your blood circulation which can cause complications after the surgery. Before the surgery, the doctor will do a physical evaluation as well as discuss your physical and mental wellbeing, existing medical conditions, allergies or any medication that you are currently using.

After the surgery

After the surgery, you'll be admitted to the hospital to monitor your recovery progress and for any complications that might arise from the surgery. Generally, after a gender reassignment surgery, patients will spent around 14 nights in the hospital but it depends on which procedures were performed during the surgery. For single procedure surgeries like Penile - Peritoneal Vaginoplasty (PPV), the length of hospital admission can be as little as 7 days. To protect the surgical site, you need to sleep with your legs separated during the first 5-7 days after the operation. After about a week, you can slowly start walking again. It is common to experience pain and discomfort during this period, your doctors will manage this by prescribing painkillers.

Plan Your Medical Procedure with Our Dedicated Care Team

Personal information, additional information, best hospitals for sex reassignment surgery in thailand.

Yanhee International Hospital

Yanhee International Hospital

Yanhee International Hospital was opened in 1994 and is best known for its expertise cosmetic procedures and sexual reassignment surgery. Out of all foreign patients that visit this hospital, 72% receive cosmetic care. The hospital has several accreditations - such as JCI - and is popular among foreigners not only for cosmetic purposes, but general health purposes as well.

Kamol Cosmetic Hospital

Kamol Cosmetic Hospital

Kamol Hospital is a word leading cosmetic hospital, specializing in gender reassignment and facial surgery. Led by Dr. Kamol, who has performed more than 5000 sex reassignment surgeries since 1997, making him one of the most experienced surgeons working in the world in for this surgery. Located in the center of Bangkok and JCI-accredited since 2015.

Phuket Plastic Surgery Institute

Phuket Plastic Surgery Institute

Originally formed by the merger of two reputable international hospitals in Phuket, this state-of-the-art facility has been providing exceptional aesthetic plastic surgery services for over a decade. The Institute boasts the highest standards of quality, safety, and cleanliness, making it one of the best options for those looking to enhance their appearance and recover in a tropical atmosphere.

Common Questions

How much does a male to female sex reassignment surgery cost in thailand.

The exact cost of the procedure depend on a lot of factors. The procedure differs per patient as some choose to include other related surgeries like breast augmentation or facial feminization surgery too. It also depends on which hospital you go too and how long you are admitted. Expect the total to be between $12,000 and $25,000 when the procedure is done in Thailand, which is 2-4 times cheaper than doing the same procedure in the US.

How old do you have to be to get gender reassignment surgery in Thailand?

According to Thai law, you will need to be above the age of 18 for this surgery. However, if you are under 20 years old, you will need consent from at least one guardian before the surgery can go ahead.

You also need to have a psychiatric assessment done, if you are a foreign patient who had this assessment done outside of Thailand, a Thai psychiatric has to conduct another assessment to confirm the correctness before you can have the surgery.

The doctor performing the surgery also has to be a certified specialist before they can perform the surgery. These laws have been instituted in 2009 and you can find them online, Sex change operations law and Guidelines for sex change operations . Foreign patients should be very cautious if a medical tourism facilitator does not work in accordance with these laws!

Is gender reassignment surgery legal in Thailand?

Yes! Gender reassignment surgery is completely legal in Thailand. Thailand has built an international reputation for specializing in this specific procedure and many foreign patients come to Thailand every year to have the procedure done in Thailand as the procedure might be illegal, very expensive or part of a very long process.

Is it safe to do Sex Reassignment Surgery in Thailand?

Thailand has some of the best hospitals and medical facilities in the world, with highly skilled doctors and state-of-the-art technology. These facilities are accredited by international organizations, such as the Joint Commission International, ensuring that they meet global healthcare standards. Moreover, Thailand has a reputation for providing high-quality medical treatments at a much lower cost compared to many developed countries.

Of course, every medical procedure has some inherent risks, regardless of the country where it is performed. However, you can be confident that the medical facilities in Thailand are well-equipped to handle any complications that may arise during or after the procedure.

Konkai only works with accredited facilities to ensure that our clients receive safe, effective, and reliable medical care. We have done extensive research and vetting to ensure that the hospitals and clinics we work with provide the highest quality of care and meet the same standards as medical facilities in developed countries. We prioritize your well-being and only recommend medical facilities that we would trust to provide care to our own loved ones. So rest assured, when you choose Konkai for your medical tourism needs in Thailand, you can expect the best in terms of both quality and safety.

Does my insurance cover Sex Reassignment Surgery in Thailand?

Whether medical insurance covers Sex Reassignment Surgery in Thailand or not depends on the individual policy. Some policies cover the procedure, while others may not. It's important to check with your insurance provider to find out if Sex Reassignment Surgery is covered and if there are any restrictions or limitations on coverage for medical procedures performed outside of your home country.

Some policies may require pre-authorization or pre-approval for medical procedures performed outside of your home country. If Sex Reassignment Surgery is not covered under your policy, you may want to consider other financing options such as medical tourism financing companies or personal loans.

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Gender Surgeons in Thailand

Thailand is a top destination for Gender Reassignment Surgery because of highly experienced surgeons, state-of-the-art medical facilities, affordability and incredible hospitality.

Dr. Kamol Pansritum

Dr. Kamol Pansritum - Gender Reassignment Surgery Thailand

Dr. Kamol is globally recognized as one of the most experienced Gender Reassignment Surgeons in the world, offering the full spectrum of GRS procedures for both trans men and women.

Dr. Pichet Rodchareon

Dr. Pichet Rodchareon - Gender Reassignment Surgery Thailand

Dr. Pichet is a board-certified plastic surgeon who is widely recognized as one of top surgeons in Thailand offering Facial Feminization and male-to-female SRS in Thailand. Dr. Pichet has extensive training and a great deal of experience, and is able to provide patients with superior aesthetic and functional results.

Dr. Preecha Tiewtranon

Dr. Preecha Tiewtranon - Gender Reassignment Surgery in Thailand

Dr. Burin Wangjiraniran

Dr. Burin Wangjiraniran - Gender Reassignment Surgery in Bangkok

Dr. Bank Chayamote Chyangsu

Dr. Bank Chayamote Chayangsu

Dr. Bank was trained in Gender Reassignment Surgery by Dr. Suporn Watanyusakul and joined the Suporn Clinic in 2017. Dr. Bank is now the lead surgeon at Suporn Clinic following Dr. Suporn’s retirement.

Dr. Sukit Warathamrong

Dr. Sukit Warathamrong

Dr. Vitawat Angkatavanich

Dr. Vitawat Angkatavanich

Dr. Thawatchai Boonpadhanapong

Dr. Thawatchai Boonpadhanapong

Dr. Chakarin Suchakaro

Dr. Chakarin Suchakaro - Top Surgery Surgeon in Bangkok, Thailand

Dr. Thiti Chaovanalikit

Dr. Thiti Chaovanalikit

Dr. Chettawut Tulayaphanich

Dr. Chettawut Tulayaphanich - Gender Reassignment Surgery Thailand

Dr. Pichansak Bunmas

Dr. Pichansak Bunmas

Dr. Tanongsak Panyawirunroj

Dr. Tanongsak Panyawirunroj

Dr. Paiboon Chitprapai

Gender Surgeon

Dr. Juta Jansi

Dr. kanit wittayavanichai, dr. pacharapong patrasinsuntorn, dr. sirachai jindarak.

Dr. Sirachai Jindarak - Bumrungrad International Hospital

Dr. Charan Mahatumarat

Dr. wisuthseriwong witoon, dr. vichai surawongsin, dr. kunachak somsak, dr. jirapong poony, dr. narongdet jiarapipan.

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Transgender Healthcare: Accessing Gender Affirmation Surgery in Thailand

cost of gender reassignment surgery in thailand

Thailand has become a top destination for transgender individuals seeking gender affirmation surgery (also known as gender reassignment surgery or sex reassignment surgery). With experienced surgeons, high-quality facilities, and relatively low costs, Thailand provides accessible surgical options for transgender people from around the world. ImagineHealth Thailand stands out as a trusted partner, closely collaborating with premier hospitals in Thailand to guarantee unparalleled care and guidance for patients. 

If you or someone that you care about is thinking about gender affirmation surgery in Thailand and would like to explore the various options available, this is the article for you. We’re going to highlight a number of different things, from why Thailand is the best location for gender affirmation surgery, to sharing tips on how to find the best clinic for you. Read on and we’ll tell you everything you need to know…

Why Thailand for Transgender Surgery?

So, why choose Thailand for your transgender affirmation surgery in 2023? Let’s take a closer look:

  • Thailand has been performing transgender surgeries since the 1970s. Surgeons have over 40 years of experience and expertise.
  • There are many qualified plastic and reconstructive surgeons in Thailand who specialize in transgender surgeries.
  • Thailand offers high-quality medical facilities and hospitals that meet international standards. Many are Joint Commission International (JCI) accredited.
  • The cost of surgery in Thailand is much lower than in Western countries. Surgeries may cost 50-70% less than in the USA or Europe.
  • Thailand is known for its welcoming attitude towards LGBTQ visitors. Discrimination protections are in place.

Popular Gender Affirmation Procedures Available in Thailand

Thailand offers a comprehensive set of transgender affirmation procedures, including:

  • Top surgery (breast augmentation or removal)
  • Facial feminization surgery (FFS) – alters facial bones for a more feminine appearance,
  • Bottom surgery (sex reassignment surgery or SRS) – reconstructs genitalia depending on the desired gender outcome.
  • Voice feminization surgery – alters vocal cords to change pitch.
  • Other procedures like Adam’s apple reduction, liposuction, hair implants, etc.

Choosing a Surgeon in Thailand

It’s important to do thorough research when choosing a surgeon for gender affirmation surgery. Here are some tips:

  • Check credentials and training specific to transgender surgeries. Ask how many procedures they have completed and seek before and after photos / success stories.
  • Look for memberships in organizations like WPATH and the Thai Transgender Alliance.
  • Read reviews from previous patients about their experience and results.
  • Look for surgeons who speak English well or have coordinators to communicate effectively.
  • Consider hospital accreditations like JCI which indicate quality standards.
  • Ask about aftercare protocols and support. Be clear on what is included in the surgery package and how you will be treated after the surgery has been completed.

Finding a Clinic or Hospital

Reputable clinics and hospitals for transgender surgery in Thailand include:

  • Kamol Cosmetic Hospital – Bangkok’s top gender reassignment surgery clinic. Dr. Kamol specializes in cosmetic procedures for trans patients.
  • Yanhee Hospital – International hospital in Bangkok performing transgender surgeries for over 40 years.
  • Phuket International Aesthetic Center – Experienced gender affirmation surgeons with beachfront facility.
  • Bangkok Hospital Phuket – Modern hospital with English-speaking coordinators. Popular for medical tourists.
  • Global Medical Center – Plastic surgery clinic in Phuket with qualified gender reassignment surgeons.
  • Samitivej Hospital – JCI accredited hospital network with transgender surgery options.

Navigating the vast landscape of plastic surgery in Thailand can be daunting. However, ImagineHealth Thailand streamlines this process for you. They prioritize matching you, the patient, with an expert surgeon that aligns with your dedicated budget. Think of ImagineHealth as your trusted navigator in what can sometimes be an overwhelming marketplace for plastic surgery in Thailand.

Preparing for Surgery

To prepare for your surgery in Thailand:

  • Have a consultation with your surgeon via video call if needed. Discuss goals and techniques. In-person is preferable.
  • Follow any health screening or lab test requirements from your surgeon and listen to their advice.
  • Make travel arrangements and book accommodations near your hospital. There are many medical tourism options to choose from with a variety of world-class packages to accommodate your needs.
  • Ask your surgeon about any prescriptions or supplies needed for recovery.
  • Arrange for someone to accompany you to Thailand to assist after surgery. If possible, travel with a friend of family member for support.
  • Make a post-op care plan for continued treatments or follow-ups at home. Clear time off work so that you can make a full recovery in the comfort of your own home.

Note that this is not something that you should rush into. We urge that you give this serious thought and consideration before you make any commitments. Once you begin the process there will be no going back.

Recovering from Surgery in Thailand

Expect to stay in Thailand for 2-4 weeks after surgery to recover under your surgeon’s care. Of course, the time required for your recovery before being able to safely travel will largely depend on the type of treatment that you are going for. Most hospitals and clinics will:

  • Keep you 1-3 nights in the hospital or clinic after surgery for monitoring.
  • Remove dressings and drains, check incisions, and monitor pain and swelling.
  • Change bandages, prescribe pain medication, and answer questions.
  • Provide support stockings, compression garments, or medical equipment if needed.
  • Offer physical therapy or stretching exercises to aid the recovery process.
  • Check in with you regularly and give clearance for travel once recovered.

Thailand provides an accessible option for transgender individuals seeking gender affirmation procedures and surgery overseas. With experienced, affordable surgeons and high-quality care, Thailand has become a top choice for surgery not covered by insurance at home. Following proper steps to choose the right surgeon and clinic can lead to safe, satisfactory results. 

We hope that you have found this article insightful and wish you the very best of luck with your gender affirmation journey. No matter how lost or hopeless you may feel right now, rest assured that there are many people out there who can help and support you through your transition. For guidance on medical travel and making informed decisions, ImagineHealth Thailand offers comprehensive support and insights.

Start your healthcare journey today

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Female to Male Gender Affirmation Surgery

Female to Male Gender Affirmation Surgery (Sex Reassignment Surgery) includes a range of surgical procedures that alter anatomical characters to provide physical traits more comfortable to the transgender male identity and functioning.

What is Female to Male Gender Affirmation Surgery?

Surgical modification of the female primary and secondary sexual anatomy into masculine features is a series of procedures that can take about a year or more to complete.  Biological females diagnosed with Gender Identity Disorder may be eligible for this surgery upon submission of required supporting documents (see Special Requirements section).

Female to Male Sex Reassignment Surgery

There are three stages in the female to male sex change surgery separated by 3-6 months interval.

Female to Male Surgery – Stage 1

A surgical procedure that removes breast tissue to achieve a masculine chest contour.  The surgical technique will depend on the volume of breast tissue and skin to be excised.

Total Abdominal Hysterectomy with Salpingo-Oophorectomy (TAHBSO)

  A surgical procedure that removes the internal reproductive organs namely, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.

Female to Male Surgery – Stage 2

Vaginectomy and Urethral Lengthening

Surgery that obliterates the vaginal cavity and lengthens the urethra in preparation for incorporation into the new penis in the third stage.  This gives the patient the ability to urinate effectively in the standing position.

Urethral prefabrication

Preparation of a new penile graft in the forearm with an embedded catheter which will serve as a functional intra-penile urethra after the third stage

Female to Male Surgery – Stage 3

Total Phalloplasty

The forearm penile graft prepared during the second stage surgery is transferred to the genital area.  Nerves and blood vessels are conserved so the penis has sensation.  The new penis is expected to function as a male excretory organ for urine.  With the aid of an erectile prosthetic device, it can also achieve penetration during sexual intercourse.

During this procedure, the labia majora are converted into scrotal sacs.  The patient may opt to have prosthetic testes inserted in the scrotal sacs in a future surgery.


You need to be of legal age, in good health and must submit the following requirements before your pre-surgical assessment for SRS-FTM

Letter of recommendation from two psychiatrists (one from a psychiatrist in the patient’s own locality and two from our psychiatrists) stating the following:

  • Diagnosis of a female with Gender Identity Disorder
  • Declaration of successful real-life experience as a male for at least 1 year
  • Certified psychiatrists issue this letter to individuals who meet the criteria of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association

The medical certificate with details of male hormone therapy

  • Hormone intake must be prescribed and monitored by a licensed physician
  • Hormones have been taken for 1 year

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: will i be asleep during surgery.

Answer : The anesthesiologist will administer general anesthesia to keep you asleep and pain-free during surgery.

Q2: What could go wrong?

Answer : Some risks of surgery include bleeding, adverse response to anesthesia, infection, delayed healing, asymmetry, nerve injury, unfavorable scarring, sub-optimal aesthetic result, difficulty in passage of urine after phalloplasty, and need for revision surgery.

Q3: How should I prepare myself for surgery?

Answer : To avoid complications and reduce risk factors you need to stop taking hormonal pills, herbal supplements, and medicines 2 weeks before your schedule. You need to stop smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages throughout the surgical stages of transformation.


Take the first step and contact us through our no-cost  virtual consultation . During this process, we will recommend options that will work best for you. Every client is different, so our virtual consultants and surgeons tailor the procedure to match each person’s needs.

Available Stage 1 Doctors

Dr. Boonchai Thanyalakpark

Boonchai Thanyalakpark

Dr. Pitch Paiboonkasemsutthi

Dr. Pitch Paiboonkasemsutthi

Dr. Sanit Pongkapanakai Yanhee

Dr. Sanit Pongkapanakai

Dr. Kittichai Sipiyarak Yanhee

Dr. Kittichai Sipiyarak

Dr. Somsak Chuleewattanapong

Dr. Somsak Chuleewattanapong

Dr. Pramote Manurangsee Yanhee

Dr. Pramote Manurangsee

Dr. Suthat Koonnawarote Yanhee

Dr. Suthat Koonnawarote

Dr. Chokchai Amornsawadwattana

Dr. Chokchai Amornsawadwattana

Dr. Vitawat Angkatavanich Yanhee

Dr. Vitawat Angkatavanich

Dr. Krairit Tiyakul

Dr. Krairit Tiyakul

Dr. Wichian Wongworngsri Yanhee

Dr. Wichian Wongworngsri

Dr. Amnart Techowanich

Dr. Amnat Teochavanich

Available stage 2 & 3 doctors.

cost of gender reassignment surgery in thailand

Dr. Sukit Warathamrong

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Why I Chose Thailand for My Gender Reassignment Surgery

By Meredith Talusan

Pattaya Beach Thailand

I’ve heard about Thailand’s floating markets, its Buddhist temples, its beaches . I’ve heard about its bustling nightlife. But mine is a Thailand of a kind man under fluorescent light confirming my wish to have gender reassignment surgery. It’s a Thailand of a hospital room in Chonburi, with walls painted lime green, and solicitous nurses dressed in that curious shade of mint-green scrub—bright yet somehow pale, elusive.

That hard-to-describe quality also characterizes the Thailand I experienced in my month-long recovery after that surgery; those days and nights in the same hotel room, the meals and the massages. The sights of the country were largely reduced to my Hilton hotel room overlooking Pattaya beach in the country’s southern, coastal region—the one I splurged on to get view of the ocean, just across the way from my then home in San Francisco .

This was 2002, when options for such surgery were limited, and the idea that it could be covered by insurance unheard of. Thailand was by far a more cost-effective option than anywhere in the West, even with the nice hotel, and because there were so many trans women in the region, it was a place that was also well-regarded. There are trans women who obsess about their surgery, examine every single option available; I chose Dr. Suporn over other surgeons in Thailand without an undue amount of research. To me, it seemed enough that thousands of trans women had gone to him, and from the accounts I read online, seemed happy with his work.

It might seem odd to reflect on such body-altering surgery from the perspective of travel. But I consider how, if I had been born two generations earlier and wanted the same surgery, I would have probably gone to Georges Burou in Casablanca , who developed the technique that formed the basis for modern reassignment surgery—and how different that experience would have been. I also think about Trinidad, Colorado , that small town where noted surgeon Marci Bowers practiced until recently. For many trans women, who often spend years saving up, surgery is one of their few opportunities for extended travel. And for those like me, who decided to stay in Thailand to heal, it also offers us the chance to get used to our new bodies and the lives they foretell, before we go back to our mundane, daily routines.

Most of that month of recovery happened in my hotel room, where a nurse from Dr. Suporn’s office checked in on me: every day at first, then every other day, then only when I needed her. I saw that same nurse perform in a “ladyboy” show on one of my first nights out, a few days after leaving the hospital, in the garish hair and makeup she had arranged for me, which made me feel oddly at one with the trans women performers. I don’t remember much from that night, but I do recall walking gingerly out into the darkness outside my hotel and relishing it after the loneliness of two weeks spent indoors. And while I appreciated the nurse’s effort to cheer me up by inviting me to her show, my body longed to heal as I watched the performers in lavish costumes twirl around on stage to what I can only describe as a Thai version of Vegas showgirl music. I needed to get to my bed and accept the many hours of recuperation I needed.

I passed the following weeks reading—Henry James and E.M. Forster, mostly; tales of adventurous women written by men—and looking out the window into the ocean, as I spent several hours a day managing my post-operative care, which mostly consisted of keeping a dilator in my vagina for a few hours a day, and getting a lot of sleep. My meals became regular, as did my weekly massage, and I receded into myself, only leaving my room to take short walks as my doctor advised, usually just around the hotel. I don’t remember much about outside, but I vividly remember the crisp white sheets on the pale wooden platform bed, and the sparse, off-white walls. It was as if the hotel had anticipated just the kind of cocoon I needed: an uncluttered and comforting place that served as my passage from one gender to another.

I did get to the beach before I left Thailand, and shopped for souvenirs at the mall attached to the hotel, but it all felt perfunctory. I realize now that I didn’t want Thailand to exist for me as a fully-realized place, but as a way station that preceded this major shift in the way the world saw me. When I did get to San Francisco, I found myself wanting to go out and explore—my brain suddenly experienced this city as new and exciting. I was traversing it as a different person. Even though I was still weak, I felt the strong urge to take long walks up the city’s steep hills.

Image may contain: Human, Person, Animal, Mammal, and Wildlife

I was on an afternoon walk in the Tenderloin district when I saw a fortune teller sign outside a window. I decided to go in, even though I’d never before had my fortune told. I was a different person, after all, and the woman I was still in the process of figuring out how to be seemed to want her fortune told. As I walked into a dark room lit only with candles, I felt the same sense of in-betweenness that I had in my hotel room in Thailand. I don't remember what the fortune teller looked like, but I do remember her looking at my palm and telling me that I was recovering from an illness. I suppose it wasn’t too hard to figure out given my weak appearance , I thought, as my skepticism interrupted her touch.

“The good thing is that you will heal,” she continued. I was moved. The way she said “heal” made me aware that it wasn’t just the surgery I was healing from, but the larger burden of living in a world that didn’t want me to be who I was. I’d always resisted the idea that surgery would “cure” me; that there was something wrong with me that needed to be cured in the first place. Yet I realized then that while I may not have needed to be cured, I did need to heal.

That month in Thailand gave me the space to make that process easier, and allowed me to find solace and comfort in myself without the world’s expectations of gender. Alone in that Pattaya hotel room on the other side of the ocean, I not only began to recover from the procedure, but from the world’s overwhelming impositions. It was in that room where I began to figure out how to simply be.

Meredith Talusan is the executive editor of Condé Nast's LGBTQ+ platform, Them, and author of the forthcoming memoir, Fairest.

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Also commonly called Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS), this procedure helps individuals become the person they want to be by transitioning them into the gender they associate with. It is becoming a very common procedure with more and more individuals taking the next step in their transition. At the moment we offer male to female transition only.


If you would like to obtain a personalised quote for Gender Reassignment Surgery Overseas, please refer to our Enquiry page.

Procedure Pricing

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What you need to know


The best candidate for Gender Reassignment Surgery (GRS) is someone who is:

  • unhappy with the gender they are and wish to become the gender they associate with
  • fully aware that this is a permanent procedure
  • aware of all of the steps involved
  • aware of any legalities that are required in their country for changing their name, gender etc

Because this is significant, life-changing surgery, it is important that you are physically, mentally and emotionally ready. As with any cosmetic surgery procedure, it is imperative you speak to someone you trust, are happy in your life and are psychologically ready.


It is important to discuss with your doctors and with us any:

  • Medical conditions you have
  • Any medication you are taking - prescription, herbal and non-prescription

Once you arrive at your destination you will have a physical evaluation with your surgeon, where you will discuss your goals and concerns and finalise the plan for surgery. At this examination your surgeon will determine the best procedure for you and explain it to you in detail, including any limitations. It is important that you head into surgery with realistic goals. It is during this examination that your surgeon may also make recommendations for other procedures. 

In the lead-up to your surgery, it is important you do the following:

Stop smoking. Smoking can cause problems with circulation and increase the possibility of complications.

What does gender reassignment surgery include?

The process of sex reassignment surgery (SRS) is to help people transition into the gender they align themselves with. There are various procedures, some of which can be done at the same time and some that must be staggered for medical purposes. There is female to male transitioning, but we currently only offer male-to-female transitioning. The five common procedures Beautiful You Holidays offers are; Orchiectomy, Penectomy, Vaginoplasty, Facial Feminisation and Body Contouring (including breast augmentation). 

At what age can you change your gender?

In New Zealand, the minimum age for considering gender reassignment surgery is currently adults over 18 years of age. Anyone under this minimum age is not legally entitled to undergo any of the procedures above, even with the consent of an adult.

Can you reverse gender reassignment surgery?

The decision to undergo SRS isn’t one to be taken lightly. We ensure candidates understand the steps and legalities involved, and that patients understand that this is a permanent procedure. In the extremely rare case that someone who has undergone gender reassignment surgery wants to reverse the surgery, please consult a doctor. 


Surgical Procedures:

There are several procedures involved with a male to female gender reassignment, some of which can be performed at the same time. How many procedures you have done at the same time will depend on your own wishes along with the recommendations of your surgeon.

Orchiectomy (removal of the testicles)

An orchiectomy is a quick procedure and is often performed as part of a more comprehensive reassignment process. It is imperative to understand that without testicles the male hormone testosterone will not be produced. 

Penectomy (removal of the penis)

This procedure can be performed as a single procedure or as part of the gender reassignment process should you want to create female genitals. During the penectomy, the urethra will be shortened and redirected. 

Vaginoplasty (creating a vagina)

A vaginoplasty is used to create a vagina and is often done by using the skin of the penis and turning it inside out to create the walls of the vagina. The specifics depend on the size of the penis and the surgeon's techniques. During this procedure, it is also common to alter the urethra by is shortening and repositioning it so that it functions as it would in a female body.

A vaginoplasty is done to improve the function of the body part and should not be confused with labiaplasty, which is more of an aesthetic change. While performing a vaginoplasty, it is common to include a labiaplasty and clitoroplasty to create female genitals that are aesthetic, minimally scarred, and sensitive to sexual arousal.

Facial Feminisation  

The techniques used to feminise a face vary based on the client’s facial structure and features, with the following procedures used:

  • Face lift 
  • Otoplasty (ear pinning)
  • Rhinoplasty (nose surgery)
  • Tracheal shave (reducing the size of the Adam’s Apple)

Body Contouring

The techniques used vary from client to client, with the following procedures used:

  • Tummy tuck 
  • Breast augmentation
  • Buttock implant 


The length of surgery depends on the procedures performed, your body and your surgeon’s recommendations. It is common to stay in the hospital for 14 nights. 

Recovery and post-op care:

While your recovery will depend on the procedures performed, it is common to experience pain and discomfort following the surgery, which will be managed by painkillers prescribed by your surgeon.

Your surgeon will give you instructions on how to perform periodic dilation (stretching the vagina walls). You will be given a dilator to wear inside the vagina to ensure it does not close over or change in shape. It is common to do this for eight weeks following your vaginoplasty, with the frequency gradually reducing. The vagina should be cleaned regularly as per your surgeon’s specific instructions.

You will be able to return to light work 4 to 6 weeks after surgery, and slowly being more strenuous work and exercise around 6 to 8 weeks after surgery.

Length of stay:

Most surgeons recommend staying on holiday for at least 21 days, during which time you will have regular follow-up appointments with your surgeon. To get the most out of your recovery time we suggest you partake in gentle exercise, yoga classes and treat yourself to some pampering. If you are feeling up to it, there is plenty to see and do in Phuket, Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur.


Risks and complications are minimised by using the care and services of our highly-skilled, trusted doctors and nurses. However, with every precaution taken complications can still occur. These are rare and few patients experience any issues. If you have any concerns about your procedure and the possible preconditions and risks, please discuss them with your doctor and nurses.

Potential risks include:

  • Hematoma (which can be treated either through puncture or surgery, depending on the size)
  • Nipple necrosis (which can be corrected with aesthetic procedures to reconstruct the nipples should this happen)


If you would like to take advantage of your time away, there are other non-surgical procedures you can add so you return home feeling refreshed. These include cosmetic fillers, laser resurfacing and chemical peels.

Got a question? Talk to our friendly team

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Gender Reassignment Surgery in Thailand

If you're paying out of pocket for Gender Reassignment Surgery, Thailand offers an unbeatable combination of highly experienced GRS Surgeons, state-of-the-art medical facilities, affordability, and the warm hospitality that has made the country the tourism jewel of Southeast Asia. In this introduction to Gender Reassignment Surgery in Thailand you'll find out why Thailand continues to top the list of surgery destinations for trans women year after year.

Gender Reassignment Surgery Thailand

"Thailand is the most popular overseas destination for patients seeking sex-reassignment surgery." — Josef Woodman, CEO of Patients Beyond Borders ( Bloomberg )

The Land of GRS Experts

Thailand boasts several international experts in Transgender Surgery. These are Surgeons who have impeccable academic and medical training, a decade or more of experience performing GRS, and are globally recognized as experts in the field. They work at top-notch, accredited hospitals (JCI, ISO or HA) and have a history of delivering satisfying results. Many have performed GRS thousands of times, and have far more experience than some of the popular Surgeons in the U.S.

Bloomberg recently reported that there are at least 100 Thai doctors qualified to perform Gender Reassignment Surgery, though a recent study identified 6 primary clinics: Kamol (Bangkok), PAI (Preecha's Aesthetic Institute) (Bangkok), Suporn (Pattaya, Cholburee), Chettawut (Bangkok), Sanguan (Phuket), and Yanhee (Bangkok).

"They have the best doctors here and I feel I can count on them." — Eimy, GRS patient ( Bloomberg )
"[Thailand's] got the reputation and it's well set up. The Thais are doing a perfectly satisfactory and safe job." — Dr. James Bellringer, a urological surgeon who's performed more than 1,000 male-to-female operations in London. ( Bloomberg )

Gender Reassignment Surgery Thailand

World-Class GRS Facilities

Kamol Hospital Thailand

Based in Bangkok, Dr. Kamol Pansritum has completed over 5,000 Gender Reassignment surgeries since 1997. Dr. Kamol currently performs more than 200 MTF Vaginoplasty surgeries a year. Page after page of testimonials on his website include glowing reviews and heartfelt thanks from satisfied patients from around the world.

Dr. Kamol runs his own surgical facility: the JCI-accredited Kamol Hospital . Featuring the most advanced medical equipment and technology available, Kamol Hospital's operating rooms are among the most advanced in the world. The elegantly-designed Kamol Hospital also has luxurious patient rooms and recovery apartments.

Gender Reassignment Surgery Thailand

Bangkok Plastic Surgery

Dr. Pichet Rodchareon is the Chief Plastic Surgeon at the Bangkok Plastic Surgery private hospital located in the heart of exciting downtown Bangkok. Dr. Pichet is considered one of top SRS surgeons in Thailand. His training includes plastic surgery, hand surgery, craniofacial and maxillofacial surgery. This experience and training have given Dr. Pichet the skill to provide his patients with superior aesthetic and functional results.

Dr. Pichet's private hospital is equipped with the most advanced medical equipment available, modern patient rooms and an elegant reception area.

Bangkok Plastic Surgery

Cost-friendly Gender Reassignment Surgery

The relatively low cost of Gender Reassignment Surgery in Thailand is one of the reasons why so many patients choose to come here. That GRS is easily accessed in Thailand can be attributed in part to the country's liberal views about sex and LGBT people.

For centuries, Thailand has embodied a relative openness in navigating categories of sexuality and gender. Walk down the street in Bangkok, and you're likely to see people labeled as kathoey, or "ladyboys." The nation has one of the largest transgender populations in the world, a fact many people — surgeons, therapists, transgender people — find difficult to explain. Maybe it's the relatively open Buddhist culture, one surgeon speculated. Perhaps it's out of financial necessity, others suggested, alluding to a high demand for kathoey sex workers. — Source

Whatever the reasons, Thailand now has a worldwide reputation as a global center for Gender Reassignment Surgery, and as a place where transgender people can experience greater freedom and acceptance compared to other countries.

Trans women pay $10,000 to $25,000 USD or more to surgically transition in Thailand, compared to three or four times as much in the U.S. Without a doubt, having surgery in Thailand—possibly the world's foremost destination for GRS—can net you huge savings!

WATCH NOW! Dr. Kamol and Kamol Hospital were featured on Secret Lives of Women , a reality television series that aired on WE: Women's Entertainment. Watch Cristina Juanes' amazing transformation in Thailand, where she has Breast Augmentation, Tracheal Shave, Vaginoplasty and FFS. Note: Contains graphic operating room scenes and is not safe for work.

Warm Thai Hospitality

"I am in Bangkok at Dr. Kamol's Hospital having been rigorously retested, x-rayed etc and declared fit for surgery and with one sleep to go this afternoon from which I shall emerge, re-birthed female & the woman that I have always believed I should have been born." Three weeks later... "I have arrived where my heart has been all of my life. I feel at one with myself for the first time." — Divvi De Vendre

People who have traveled to Thailand often use worlds like "friendly" and "helpful" to describe the local people they encounter. True to the reputation, the GRS clinics in Thailand have focused on providing the highest quality of care coupled with the friendliness you would expect in Thailand. Many trans women have come home from Thailand raving not just about the skill and capability of the staff, but also about the staff who have become new friends.

For those who would like extra help with planning surgery and travel, specialized concierge services are also available. Your personal concierge can assist with:

  • Travel planning
  • Document preparation
  • Medical test documents
  • Language interpretation
  • Post-operative care (at your hotel)

The expertise in GRS developed by Thai surgeons over the past three decades has contributed to an increasing number of foreign patients receiving Gender Reassignment Surgery in Thailand. There are now at least 2 or 3 foreign patients operated on per day in Thailand (receiving MTF GRS.) With its highly qualified Surgeons, advanced medical facilities, lower costs and warm hospitality, it's easy to see why Thailand has become the leading Transgender Surgery destination.

Dr. Kamol - MTF Surgery Thailand

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List of procedures

Gender reassignment surgery (grs), penile skin inversion with scrotal skin graft, penile skin inversion with abdominal skin graft, primary sigmoid colon vaginoplasty, secondary sigmoid colon vaginoplasty, labiaplasty (post-op revision), breast augmentation, facial feminization surgery (ffs), our services, pre-departure, consultation on procedures and health conditions, surgeon recommendation with pricing., trip planning assistance, online support for questions, in thailand, accompany during pre and post-op visits, problem-solving and 24/7 emergency support, online support for surgery queries, return home, online support for post-op concerns, follow-up on post-operative care, 10 years experience with srs consultancy​.

As you begin the journey down the path of transgender surgery, you need a friend and companion who knows how it all works to help you anticipate your needs at every point. At Estetica Thailandia, you can count on me to walk you through each step to make this once-in-a-lifetime decision the most satisfying one for you.

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My name is Charee Sripaisalmongkol and I am principal consultant at Estetica Thailandia.

Client testimonials.

Jamie, USA, sex reassignment surgery thailand, srs thailand

Chareetook all the burden off of me making my hotel reservations and shuttling me toall my doctors appointments.

She checked on me at the hospital and made sure every question I had was answered. And all of this with a smile on her face and care in her heart. I am sooooo fortunate Charee was there for me. Having her by my side made my experience in Thailand perfect!!!

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Danielle, USA

One year ago today Charee helped change my life. Dr. Burin gave me the freedom to be who I always wanted to be.

Deborah, Italy, sex reassignment surgery thailand, srs thailand

Deborah, Italy

SAWADEE KA I had a five stars experience , so SISTERS   if you are seeking a friendly,  caring,   and professional staff where to get your SRS surgery.

I would really recommend PAI and Charee  Estetica Thailandia for their services. thank you from the bottom of my heart

Why does my experience matter?

I have shared the journey with countless girls undergoing SRS, understanding that this path is far from simple. Success in surgery is not only about the procedure itself but also about the post-operative care. Rest assured, I have the expertise to guide you through this journey with peace of mind.

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Gender reassignment surgery

Where your dream come true

What we do gender reassignment surgery (grs) penile skin inversion with scrotal skin graft breast augmentation labiaplasty (post-op revision) penile skin inversion with abdominal skin graft facial feminization surgery(ffs), useful links home our services hospitals and stay transgender surgery contact us testimonial.

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Thai Medical Vacation

Gender Reassignment Surgery in Thailand

Bangkok Thailand is the undisputed leader of high quality Gender Reassignment surgeries for decades. Thai Medical offers you the ability to make your dreams come true with one of the best SRS surgeons in the world, using the latest and most advanced surgical techniques. The expertise of Thai SRS surgeons is second to none. Our doctors have performed thousands of natural looking sex Reassignment surgeries for clients across the globe. From Australia,UK,France,Middle East,America and Brazil, our clients are looking for the best results at the best prices.

SRS Interview with Loren – SRS Surgery in Thailand

Changing the gender you were born with is a serious life long commitment so we help our clients get the information they want about their surgeries before they even arrive. We are 100% independent and can offer you impartial and honest opinions about the best doctors and top hospitals in Thailand for SRS surgery.

Not everyone is a candidate for SRS Sex Change Surgeries. Clients must be over 18 years of age to apply for surgery. Candidates for SRS surgery should also already have been clinically diagnosed with gender identity or gender dysphoria disorders along with any anxiety or depression that comes with feeling trapped in the wrong body. Doctors also recommend that you have atleast one year of hormone replacement before having surgery.

Other recommendations before having surgery include actually living full-time in the desired cross-gender role. This crucial step is often the most important step a person should take before committing to having Gender Reassignment Surgery in Thailand.

Types of Treatments Available

Gender Reassignment Surgery Thailand

Male to Female Sex Reassignment Surgery  – MTF 

Male to Female Sex MTF SRS Thailand

Male to Female Sex MTF SRS Thailand

  Female to Male Sex Reassignment Surgery – FTM


If you are interested in changing your birth gender, or to get more information about Sex Reassignment Surgery in Thailand please contact us today .

“Shape your Dreams into Reality with Thai Medical”


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What is Gender Reassignment Surgery cost in Thailand?

Lowest Cost (approx) $7000

Average Cost (approx) $15500

Highest Cost (approx) $24000

  • Treatment Type: : Gender Reassignment Surgery
  • Treatment Time: : 6 Months
  • Recovery Time: : 6 Weeks
  • Success Rate: : 75-99%
  • Hospitalization Days: : 5–10 days

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Table of Content

cost of gender reassignment surgery in thailand

Gender Reassignment Surgery Doctors in Thailand

cost of gender reassignment surgery in thailand

Cosmetic And Plastic Surgery Hospitals in Thailand

cost of gender reassignment surgery in thailand

Cosmetic And Plastic Surgery questions asked by people


If you are planning to get Gender Reassignment Surgery in Thailand, it is important to know the cost of the treatment. This blog provides information about Gender Reassignment Surgery costs in Thailand. 

The range of costs for Gender Reassignment in Thailand is $7,000-$24,000.

Treatment Cost

Top doctors.

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Dr. Chamnong Chirawichada

16 years of experience

cost of gender reassignment surgery in thailand

Top Hospitals

Global Hospital Mumbai

Global Hospital Mumbai

Parel, Mumbai

Dr .G.d. Pol Foundation Ymt General Hospital

Dr .G.d. Pol Foundation Ymt General Hospital

Kharghar, Navi Mumbai

More Information

Gender Reassignment Surgery, also known as Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS) or Gender Confirmation Surgery (GCS), is a medical procedure or a series of surgeries aimed at altering the physical characteristics and sexual characteristics of a transgender individual to align them more closely with their identified gender.

Gender Reassignment Surgery in Thailand is famous for its international standards and professionally skilled plastic surgeons at affordable cost. 

The cost of Gender Reassignment in Thailand is less compared to many other countries. However, the cost depends on various factors.

A Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS) in Thailand costs around one-third less than one in the United States. Thailand ranks first in terms of affordable healthcare, gender-transition surgery specialists, and medical facilities. The cost of a Gender Reassignment Surgery in Thailand starts from $7000.

Cost comparison in different countries:

Here is the cost of Gender Reassignment Surgery in different countries: 

Disclaimer: The cost of the different dental implant treatments depends on various factors given below

cost of gender reassignment surgery in thailand

Other Details

Factors affecting gender reassignment surgery cost in thailand:.

  • Doctor’s competence and experience in the subject.
  • The patient’s disease and whether additional modalities are required for comprehensive treatment.
  • Duration of hospitalization and stay in the country.
  • Need for post-operative care.
  • Hospital room classification.

Why choose for Gender Reassignment Surgery treatment in Thailand? 

The below listed make Thailand the best choice for Gender Reassignment Surgery: 

  • Gender Reassignment Surgery in Thailand is cost-effective.
  • Thailand has high-quality medical facilities for the surgery.
  • Experienced doctors and staff specialize in providing expert care.
  • Combining the surgery with a vacation in Thailand offers tourism opportunities.

  Disclaimer: The above rates are for reference purposes only and may vary based on different requirements. To know the actual rates, please contact us.

Disclaimer : The above rates are for reference purpose only and may vary based on different requirements. To know actual rates, please contact us.

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Cost Of Related Treatments In Thailand

Top related speciality doctors in thailand, cosmetic and plastic surgery hospitals in other cities of thailand.

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Peritoneum Vaginoplasty PPV

Mtf sex reassignment surgery / sex change in bangkok, thailand, penile peritoneum vaginoplasty / ppv.

The Penile Peritoneum Vaginoplasty commonly referred to as the PPV is the newest and most advanced technique in vaginoplasty gender affirmation surgery. The peritoneum is tissue that lines the abdomen and is the closest in function and texture to the actual lining of the vagina. The peritoneum tissue is elastic and self-lubricating, and has no smells nor odors associated with it. The PPV technique uses a small amount of penile inversion for the entrance of the vaginal entrance, combined with the peritoneum to create the neo vaginal canal. The procedure is preformed laparoscopically (small incisions, practically no visible scaring).

Although relatively new as a gender affirming surgery, the PPV technique has been successfully for decades for the treatment of MRKH syndrome, a congenital condition where girls are born without a vaginal canal.

The surgical team, led by Dr Kamol, are the world’s leading specialists in the PPV technique, and have preformed more than any other hospital. Kamol Cosmetic Hospital, making dreams a reality.


Advantages of Penile Peritoneal Vaginoplasty / PPV.

  • This technique can be used as a primary or secondary neovagina reconstruction. This technique is beneficial for patients who have previously undergone sex reassignment surgery, penile inversion whose vaginas have developed a loss of depth and are unable to perform sexual intercourse or for those who want an “upgrade” to a more natal functional vagina with less maintenance.
  • The vagina has a self-natural lubricant.
  • The vagina is elastic.
  • Hairless neo-vagina
  • Fewer risks of intestinal dysfunction compared to the sigmoid colon vaginoplasty.
  • Negligible scar due to the laparoscopic (keyhole) technique there are only 4 tiny, virtually undetectable scars from the keyhole surgery. They look like small freckles and fade after 12 months to be more or less invisible.
  • Peritoneal pulled-through has been performed on cis-gender girls for over 40 years and is well understood.

Disadvantages and limitations Penile Peritoneal Vaginoplasty / PPV

  • The patient may experience dyspepsia / indigestion symptoms 1-2 weeks after the surgery.
  • The patient may have a temporally bowel habit change such as frequency of mucous defecation, constipation, or back pain (LAR-liked syndrome: low anterior resection-like syndrome) in a few weeks.
  • This technique is not suitable for those who are overweight or have fatty abdomen as Internal fat can cover the peritoneum making surgery very difficult.
  • In a circumcised or very short penile skin individual, the surgeon may use the hairless scrotal skin for the vaginal entrance reconstruction. Therefore, the patient may need scrotal laser hair removal for at least 6 months preoperatively or intraoperative electrolysis.
  • Initial dilation can be painful for a few weeks due to over-sensitive of the peritoneum.
  • If dilation isn’t maintained the vagina can quickly lose depth.
  • Postoperative intraabdominal adhesion can be happen approximately 1-2%.
  • Due to the new technique for transgender women and no long-term study, a candidate for surgery needs to accept all possibility of unlikely rare complications of this method.
  • The patient needs hair removal around 5x6 cm at the base of the penis as in picture 1.
  • In a complicated case the patient might have the possibility of conversion to sigmoid colon.

Area of the hair removal

Picture 1. Shows the area of the hair removal

Getting to Know for  Penile Peritoneum Vaginoplasty


Comparison between PPV and Colon Vaginoplasty

Penile-peritoneal vaginoplasty (PPV) and Sigmoid colon vaginoplasty are two surgical procedures used to construct...


Why upgrade to PPV?, penile peritoneum vaginoplasty

There are several reasons why a patient may choose to have a revision or "upgrade" surgery for their neovagina:


Limitations of Peritoneal vaginoplasty (PPV)

PPV is a surgical procedure used to create a functional and aesthetically pleasing vagina individuals born

Video: Our testimonials.

Why Kamol Cosmetic Hospital are world leaders in Penile Peritoneum Vaginoplasty SRS-PPV?                   

                      Kamol Cosmetic Hospital is a leading provider of gender confirmation surgery, known for achieving consistently excellent results. Our modern hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art technology and techniques, including the advanced SRS-PPV method, which is performed by a specialist abdominal surgeon in collaboration with a plastic surgeon. This technique is not widely available as it requires a specialized skill set and may not be as profitable for other surgeons who prefer to use older, less effective methods.

                   Our surgeons are highly skilled and experienced. In particular, Dr. Kamol's technique for SRS involves hiding scars in the labia, resulting in a natural, cisgender appearance. With Dr. Kamol, you can choose the desired appearance of your vulva/vagina within reason. At Kamol Cosmetic Hospital, we are committed to providing the best care and results for our patients.

                   Penile inversion vaginoplasty is a technique that can be used to reconstruct a neovagina as a primary or secondary method. It is particularly beneficial for patients who have undergone sex reassignment surgery and have experienced a loss of depth in their vagina, or for those who want a more functional and low-maintenance vagina. This technique has several advantages, including a natural self-lubricating mechanism, fewer risks of intestinal dysfunction compared to using the sigmoid colon, and minimal scarring. We use a laparoscopic or keyhole surgery approach, which leaves only four small spots on the abdomen that are barely visible.

                   Accredited by the Joint Commission International (JCI), the gold standard in global healthcare, Kamol Cosmetic Hospital is a trusted destination for gender confirmation surgery.

cost of gender reassignment surgery in thailand

Male to Female Surgery

  • Facial Feminization / FFS 15 -->
  • Breast Augmentation MTF 15 -->
  • Gender Reassignment / SRS 15 -->
  • Revision Vaginoplasty / SRS 15 -->
  • Peritoneum Vaginoplasty PPV 15 -->
  • Voice Feminization / VFS 15 -->
  • Tracheal Shave 15 -->

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  • Home     >     Treatments     >     Gender Reassignment Surgery Cost In Thailand


Gender Reassignment Surgery Cost In Thailand

Cosmetic and plastic surgery.


Bangkok, Thailand, has been the unquestionable leader in the field of high-quality gender reassignment procedures for decades. Thai Medical provides you with the opportunity to realize your dreams by employing one of the world’s best SRS surgeons and cutting-edge surgical techniques. Thai SRS surgeons are considered one of the best in their expertise. Thailand offers a wide range of cosmetic and plastic surgery procedures to patients from all over the world, and Thai experts have performed many natural-looking sex Reassignment procedures in Thailand. People from Australia, the United Kingdom, France, the Middle East, America, and Brazil are looking for the best results at the lowest possible cost. Gender reassignment surgery in Thailand is significantly less expensive than in the United States, Europe, or other developed countries. Part of the success can be attributed to Thai hospitals’ use of cutting-edge medical equipment and knowledge. Aside from these advantages, one of the main reasons is its ability to provide affordable cosmetic and plastic surgery in Thailand while maintaining clinical standards.

What Is Gender Reassignment Surgery?

Gender Reassignment Surgery is a surgical operation, or a set of surgeries, designed to change a transsexual person’s physical attributes and sexual preferences so that they more closely reflect those of their assigned gender. GRS Gender Reassignment Surgery in Mexico is also referred to by a number of other names, including Sex reassignment surgery (SRS) , Gender Confirmation Surgery (GCS) , and others.

Standards of Care, including psychological testing and a period of practical experience living in the preferred gender, have been developed by professional medical organizations and must be met before a person can choose to have reassignment surgery. Multiple methods are used in Gender Reassignment Surgery (GRS), which can be done on either males or females who are transitioning into the other gender.

Why Is Thailand a Top Destination for Gender Reassignment Surgery?

Given that it has one of the most welcoming societies, Thailand is noted for being able to support a significant transgender community. International patients are increasingly coming to Thailand each year to have sex change surgery. Thailand is the Gender Reassignment Capital of the World due to its accessible healthcare, skilled and experienced surgeons, and accepting society toward gender identity.

Patients from all over the world choose Thailand’s top hospitals due to a number of extra benefits, including access to state-of-the-art facilities, the flexibility to combine vacation and leisure time with treatment, and the simplicity of acquiring a visa.

Thailand is recognized for providing a wide range of operations performed by medical specialists who were educated in Western countries. Additionally, a lot of doctors speak English well in order to deliver top-notch care.

Know More – Medical Tourism in Thailand

An Overview of Thailand’s Medical Benefits

  • The price is quite affordable. In Thailand, healthcare is affordable, especially if your health insurance pays all or some of the costs.
  • Beautiful lodging options can be found in Thailand near a number of tourist sites. It is the perfect place to unwind and recover from the following therapy.
  • The tropical climate frequently quickens the healing process.
  • English is a common language among Thailand medical personnel. As a result, you shouldn’t worry about a possible communication breakdown.
  • Thailand is a travel destination that is fairly priced. You travel on plush airlines, and tickets are frequently very affordable.
  • Thailand rarely has lineups, unlike many Western countries. Surgery scheduling is comparable to vacation planning. When it’s convenient for you, you receive care.
  • The installation of crowns, teeth whitening, LASIK eye surgery, and the eradication of warts and moles are just a few of the more routine operations that can be done in Thailand in addition to more sophisticated ones.

What Are the Two Types of Gender Reassignment Surgery?

Below are the two types of GRS :

1. Feminization Surgeries (Male to Female):

  • Vaginoplasty: In a vaginoplasty, existing genital or abdominal tissue is used to create a new neovagina or neovulva. 
  • Penile inversion: Penile inversion is a popular vaginoplasty method. The penis glands are turned into a clitoris, and the testicles and scrotum are removed.
  • Bowel vaginoplasty: A typical vaginoplasty procedure is bowel vaginoplasty. Similar to penile inversion, vaginoplasty involves the removal of the testicles and scrotum, the clitoris-making of the glands, and the construction of the neovulva from the scrotum and urethra.
  • Vulvoplasty : The clitoris, inner and outer labia, and the vaginal entrance are created externally during vulvoplasties by the surgeon using tissue from the penis. Patients must stay in the hospital for three days following a vulvoplasty.
  • Orchiectomy: Testicles are surgically removed from the body during an orchiectomy. In comparison to vaginoplasty or vulvoplasty, it is much easier to execute and can be finished in under 20 minutes with a local anesthetic.
  • Chest reconstruction: For transgender men to physically transition to their self-affirmed gender, this treatment is used.  In this, the scarring is reduced, the nipple and areola are adjusted, and the chest wall is reshaped and reduced.

Male to Female Surgery

2. Masculinization Surgeries (Female to Male)

A person will receive testosterone replacement medication prior to having the gender-affirming surgery to change them from female to male.

  • Hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: The surgical removal of the uterus is known as a hysterectomy.
  • Phalloplasty: By using a flap (transplant) from the patient’s arm, thigh, belly, or back, phalloplasty creates a neopenis.
  • Metoidioplasty: The process of creating a new penis or neopenis is called a metoidioplasty. After the clitoris has grown larger due to hormone replacement therapy, metoidioplasty is carried out. To enable the urine to flow while standing, the neopenis is constructed through an expanded clitoris, either with or without urethral extension. During the procedure, the surgeon also removes the vagina.
  • Penile Implants: When a neophallus needs to obtain a proper erection, phalloplasty surgery uses a penile implant. In order to cure erectile dysfunction in cisgender males and to perform gender reassignment surgery on transgender men, penile implants are used.
  • Facial Masculinization: Racial masculinization modifies physical characteristics to produce a look that more closely matches desired gender identification.

Female to male surgery

You can accomplish this by: Options for surgery include chin, brow, upper lip, and nose restoration. Non-surgical alternatives include injections to change the chin and jawline.

The average Gender Reassignment Surgery Cost in Thailand starts from 11,000 USD. A Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS) in Thailand costs around one-third less than one in the United States. Thailand ranks first in terms of affordable healthcare, gender-transition surgery specialists, and medical facilities. 

Factors That Can Affect Gender Reassignment Surgery Cost in Thailand

The entire cost of a Gender Reassignment Surgery in Thailand can vary depending on a number of criteria, such as:

  • The price of treatment packages can depend on the hospital’s preference.
  • Doctor’s competence and experience in the subject.
  • The patient’s situation: The patient’s disease and whether additional modalities are required for comprehensive treatment.
  • Duration of hospitalization and stay in the country.
  • Need for post-operative care.
  • Hospital room classification.

It is also the main factors driving thousands of patients to Thailand from around the world for medical care.

How to Choose Hospital in Thailand for Gender Reassignment Surgery?

Hospitals in Thailand that treat patients are renowned for their warmth and attentiveness to their needs. These hospitals are home to some of Thailand’s top Cosmetic surgeons who are experts in their areas. For an international patient, selecting a good hospital for treatment might be challenging. It is a crucial choice that needs to be made while keeping a number of things in mind, such as:

  • Quality certificates and accreditations
  • Hospital and transportation facility location
  • Team of doctors and surgeons
  • Advanced diagnostic and therapeutic equipment
  • International patient assistance

How Can Medsurge India Help?

Medsurge India is a prestigious support system for patients looking for doctors, hospitals, and specialized treatments. We’ll find the most suitable medical options for you. Regarding your medical issues, our team will give you a list of certified, reputable, and trusted doctors and hospitals. Additionally, we offer a treatment strategy that fits your budget. Apart, we assist patients with obtaining travel authorizations, medical visas, and a multitude of other things.

The Most Important Frequently Asked Questions

Q: how do they perform male-to-female gender reassignment surgery.

A: Gender Confirmation Surgery The penis is turned inside out to form the inner walls of the vagina during a process known as “penile inversion.” The penis head is then used to make a clitoris. The urethra is shortened and repositioned, and the outer and inner labia are formed.

Q: What Happens After Gender Reassignment Surgery?

A: People who undergo male-to-female gender reassignment surgery keep their prostates. Following surgery, estrogen (a female hormone) stimulates breast development, widens the hips, inhibits facial hair growth, and slightly raises voice pitch.

Q: at What Age Can You Change Your Gender?

A: While there are no laws requiring a person to be of a certain age to receive sex-change hormones or surgery, insurers have generally refused to cover minors, despite the fact that some doctors see benefits in treating children before puberty.

Q: Can Phalloplasty Help You Get Erect?

A: The end result is a penis that appears natural and may be capable of erections. Phalloplasty, when performed as part of transgender surgery, assists you in achieving your desired gender identity. Other advantages are dependent on the options you select: Radial forearm-free flaps produce excellent cosmetic results as well as improved sensation.

Q: Can Gender Surgery Reverse?

A: Because these surgeries cannot be reversed, they are usually performed at the end of a long-term process that includes an accurate diagnosis of gender dysphoria, counseling about treatment options, and assisting the person in preparing for hormone treatment and surgery, if desired.

Q: Is It Possible to Choose a Child’s Gender?

A: The only true way to choose your baby’s sex is to use IVF with preimplantation genetic testing (PGT). IVF is a fertility treatment in which eggs are fertilized in a laboratory by sperm. When an egg is fertilized, it develops into an embryo.

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    Estetica Thailandia offers free medical concierge service EXCLUSIVELY FOR TRANSGENDERS wanting gender change surgery. We are a liaison between patient and surgeon to facilitate the sex change trip prior to patient's arrival until patient's departure. We offer advice, support,

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    If you are considering gender reassignment surgery, Thailand is one of the most popular destinations for this procedure, and PlacidWay can help you find the perfect package for your needs. Take a look for our exclusive package for GRS below, which provide you with many advantages and conveniences:

  18. Gender Reassignment Surgery in Thailand

    Gender Reassignment Surgery in Thailand. Bangkok Thailand is the undisputed leader of high quality Gender Reassignment surgeries for decades. Thai Medical offers you the ability to make your dreams come true with one of the best SRS surgeons in the world, using the latest and most advanced surgical techniques. The expertise of Thai SRS surgeons ...

  19. Why trans women opt for gender confirmation surgery in Thailand

    Why trans women opt for gender confirmation surgery in Thailand whatever the cost, when procedures can be much cheaper, or free, at home ... surgery at the Suporn Clinic can, however, cost up to ...

  20. What is Gender Reassignment Surgery cost in Thailand?

    The cost of Gender Reassignment in Thailand is less compared to many other countries. However, the cost depends on various factors. A Sex Reassignment Surgery (SRS) in Thailand costs around one-third less than one in the United States. Thailand ranks first in terms of affordable healthcare, gender-transition surgery specialists, and medical ...

  21. Peritoneum Vaginoplasty PPV

    Kamol Hospital Bangkok Thailand - cosmetic & Plastic Surgery provides Aesthetic Surgery and Sex Reassignment Surgery by high experienced surgeons. Call: +662 559 0155; English ภาษาไทย ... MTF Sex Reassignment Surgery / Sex Change in Bangkok, Thailand .

  22. Gender Reassignment Surgery Cost In Thailand

    Procedure What Are the Two Types of Gender Reassignment Surgery? Below are the two types of GRS: 1. Feminization Surgeries (Male to Female): Vaginoplasty: In a vaginoplasty, existing genital or abdominal tissue is used to create a new neovagina or neovulva. Penile inversion: Penile inversion is a popular vaginoplasty method. The… Read More

  23. Gender Reassignment Surgery Cost Thailand

    An average transgender surgery may cost based on other procedures, which is $1,500- $26,000. However, the total cost could be as high as $200,000-$300,000. However, in Thailand, the cost varies from $7,000-$24,000. The cost of an SRS may always depend on case to case. Sort of Sex Reassignment surgeries: Sex reassignment surgery is possibly of ...