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Class 10 Social Science Case Study Questions

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If you’re looking for CBSE Class 10 Social Science case study questions, myCBSEguide provides all the resources you need. We have a wide range of Class 10 Social Science case studies covering various topics, and our team of experts is on hand to provide guidance and support to Class 10 students. Whether you’re struggling with a particular topic or just need some extra help, myCBSEguide is the perfect place to turn.

Purpose of Class 10 Social Science

Up to the secondary level of schooling, social science is a core course. It is an essential component of a general education because it assists Class 10 Social Science students in comprehending the environment as a whole and acquiring a broader perspective as well as an empirical, reasonable, and humanitarian outlook. This is critical because it helps Class 10 Social Science students into well-informed and responsible citizens with the required qualities and skills to effectively engage and contribute to the process of development and nation-building.

Case Study Questions in Class 10 Social Science

Class 10 social science curriculum includes a wide range of topics. One way to help students learn and retain information from these topics is to incorporate case studies into the classroom. Case studies can provide real-world examples of the concepts being taught, and help students to understand how the theory can be applied in practice.

Incorporating case studies into the Class 10 social science curriculum can also help to develop critical thinking and problem-solving skills. By working through a case study, Class 10 social science students can learn how to identify key issues, consider different options and make decisions. These skills will be valuable in their future studies and careers.

Whichever way case studies are used, they can be a valuable addition to the Class 10 social science curriculum.

Class 10 Social Science Case Study Questions Samples

Students must solve a range of Class 10 Social Science case study questions in order to achieve good grades in Social Science. Students in Class 10 Social Science must be looking for some samples of case study questions in order to improve their grades. myCBSEguide has collected a variety of case study questions for Class 10 Social Science that will undoubtedly assist all students studying the subject. We’ve put created a collection of Class 10 Social Science case study questions for you.

Class 10 Social Science Case Study Question 1

Class 10 HISTORY: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

Read the source given below and answer the questions that follow: Frederic Sorrieu prepared a series of four prints visualizing his dream of a world made up of ‘democratic and social Republics’, as he called them. The first print of the series shows the peoples of Europe and America – men and women of all ages and social classes – marching in a long train, and offering homage to the Statue of Liberty as they pass by it. Artists of the time of the French Revolution personified Liberty as a female figure. She bears the torch of Enlightenment in one hand and the Charter of the Rights of Man in the other. On the earth in the foreground of the image lie the shattered remains of the symbols of absolutist institutions. In Sorrieu’s utopian vision, the peoples of the world are grouped as distinct nations, identified through their flags and national costume. Leading the procession, way past the Statue of Liberty, are the United States and Switzerland, which by this time were already nation-states. France, identifiable by the revolutionary tricolour, has just reached the statue. She is followed by the peoples of Germany, bearing the black, red and gold flag. Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

Who was Frederic Sorrieu?

  • French artist
  • German Artist
  • Italian Artist
  • British Artist

In which year did Frederic Sorrier prepare a series of four prints?

Which of the following statements correctly describes “absolutist”?

  • Monarchical Government
  • Democratic Government
  • Uncentralised Government
  • Bureaucratic Government

Which of the following is correct with respect to “utopian vision”?

  • Homogenous society
  • Monarchical society
  • Ideal society
  • All are correct

Answer Key:

  • (a) French artist
  • (a) Monarchical Government
  • (c) Ideal society

Class 10 Social Science Case Study Question 2

Class 10 GEOGRAPHY: Lifelines of National Economy

Read the extract and answer the question that follows:

We use different materials and services in our daily life. Some of these are available in our immediate surroundings, while other requirements are met by bringing things from other places. Goods and services do not move from supply locales to demand locales on their own. The movement of these goods and services from their supply locations to demand locations necessitates the need for transport. Some people are engaged in facilitating these movements. These are known to be traders who make the products come to the consumers by transportation. Thus, the pace of development of a country depends upon the production of goods and services as well as their movement over space. Therefore, efficient means of transport are pre-requisites for fast development.

The movement of these goods and services can be over three important domains of our earth i.e. land, water and air. Based on these, transport can also be classified into the land, water and air transport. For a long time, trade and transport were restricted to limited space. With the development in science and technology, the area of influence of trade and transport expanded far and wide.

Today, the world has been converted into a large village with the help of efficient and fast-moving transport. Transport has been able to achieve this with the help of an equally developed communication system. Therefore, transport, communication and trade are complementary to each other.

  • Explain the necessity of means of transport in modern times. (1)
  • Enumerate the domains and means of transport. (2)
  • Why are efficient means of transport pre-requisites for the fast development of the country? (2)
  • The movement of goods and services from their supply locations to demand locations necessitates the need for transport.
  • The movement of these goods and services can be over three important domains of our earth i.e. land, water and air.
  • Based on these, transport can also be classified into the land, water and air transport.
  • (Any two relevant points)
  • Efficient and good transport for speedy movement of goods and services to different parts of India and to fulfill the needs of the people is needed.
  • Goods and services do not move from supply locations to demand locations on their own. This necessitates the need for transport.
  •  Some people are engaged in facilitating these movements. They go to traders who make the products and take them to the consumers by transportation.
  • Thus, the pace of development of a country depends upon the production of goods and services as well as their movements over space.

Class 10 Social Science Case Study Question 3

Class 10 POLITICAL SCIENCE: Power-sharing

Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow: The Belgian leaders recognised the existence of regional differences and cultural diversities. Between 1970 and 1993, they amended their constitution four times so as to work out an arrangement that would enable everyone to live together within the same country. The arrangement they worked out is different from any other country and is very innovative. Here are some of the elements of the Belgian model:

  • Constitution prescribes that the number of Dutch and French-speaking ministers shall be equal in the central government. Some special laws require the support of the majority of members from each linguistic group.
  • Many powers of the central government have been given to state governments of the two regions of the country. The state governments are not subordinate to the Central Government.
  • Brussels has a separate government in which both the communities have equal representation. The French-speaking people accepted equal representation in Brussels because the Dutch-speaking community has accepted equal representation in the Central Government.
  • Apart from the Central and the State Government, there is a third kind of government. This ‘community government’ is elected by people belonging to one language community – Dutch, French and German-speaking – no matter where they live. This government has the power regarding cultural, educational and language-related issues.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

  • India, Srilanka
  • Belgium, Sri Lanka
  • Wallonia, Brussels
  • Flemish, Wallonia
  • Which of the following is not the element of “Belgian model”?
  • Equal number of ministers for both the groups
  • Setting up of Community Government
  • More power to the central government
  • Equal representation at the state and central level
  • “Apart from the Central and the State Government, there is a third kind of government”. Which of the following is incorrect with respect to this?
  • The unique government is Community Government
  • A single social group is given powers to handle community-related affairs
  • Elected by people belonging to Dutch, French and German-speaking
  • Power regarding cultural, educational and language-related issues
  • Which of the following title best describes the given passage?
  • The ethnic composition of Belgium
  • Accommodation in Sri Lanka
  • Accommodation in Belgium
  • The ethnic composition of Sri Lanka
  • (b) Belgium, Sri Lanka
  • (c) More power to central government. [Explanation: Many powers of the central government have been given to state governments of the two regions of the country. The state governments are not subordinate to the Central Government.]
  • (b) Single social group is given powers to handle the community-related affairs. [Explanation: A community government is one in which different social groups are given powers to handle community-related affairs.]
  • (c) Accommodation in Belgium

Class 10 Social Science Case Study Question 4

Class 10 ECONOMICS: Development

Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow: Besides seeking more income, oneway or the other, people also seek things like equal treatment, freedom, security, and respect of others. They resent discrimination. All of these are important goals. In fact, in some cases, these may be more important than more income or more consumption because material goods are not all that you need to live. Money, or material things that one can buy with it, is one factor on which our life depends. But the quality of our life also depends on non-material things. Consider an example: If you get a job in a far-off place, before accepting it you would try to consider many factors, apart from income, such as facilities for your family, working atmosphere, or opportunity to learn. In another case, a job may give you less pay but may offer regular employment that enhances your sense of security. Another job, however, may offer high pay but no job security and also leave no time for your family. This will reduce your sense of security and freedom. Similarly, for development, people look at a mix of goals. It is true that if women are engaged in paid work, their dignity in the household and society increases. However, it is also the case that if there is respect for women there would be more sharing of housework and a greater acceptance of women working outside. A safe and secure environment may allow more women to take up a variety of jobs or run a business. Hence, the developmental goals that people have are not only about better income but also about other important things in life. Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

  • Opportunity to learn
  • Working atmosphere
  • Job security
  • All of the above
  • The approach of living a life in bungalows, with costly cars, bikes and international tours is ________ life.
  • Materialistic
  • Both a and c
  • “Women, who are engaged in paid jobs are an example of persons who fulfil a mix of goals.” Which of the following statement is incorrect with the given statement?
  • A secure environment may allow more women to take up a variety of jobs or run a business.
  • If there is respect for women, there would be greater acceptance of women working outside.
  • If women are engaged in paid work, their dignity in the household and society decreases.
  • “Besides seeking more income, people also seek things like equal treatment, freedom, security and respect of others”. What does the given statement signify?
  • Mixed goals are important for people for development.
  • Common goals are important for people for development.
  • Conflicting goals are important for people for development.
  • Similar goals are important for people for development.
  • (d) All of the above
  • (a) Materialistic
  • (c) If women are engaged in paid work, their dignity in the household and society decreases. [Explanation: If women are engaged in paid work, their dignity in the household and society increases.]
  • (a) Mixed goals are important for people for development.

Class 10 Social Science curriculum at a glance

The material of the Class 10 Social Science curriculum is mostly drawn from history, geography, politics, and economics. There are also elements of Sociology and Commerce. They provide a holistic vision of society in space and time, as well as in relation to one another. The numerous methods of inquiry used in each topic assist Class 10 Social Science students in understanding society from various perspectives and forming a comprehensive vision. Class 10 Social Science curriculum is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of various disciplines like History, Geography, Economics and Political Science.

The table below provides the complete syllabus structure for Class 10 Social Science curriculum.

Class 10 SOCIAL SCIENCE COURSE CONTENT

Reasons to choose myCBSEguide for class 10

There are many reasons to choose myCBSEguide for CBSE social science Class 10.

  • First and foremost, myCBSEguide provides comprehensive and up-to-date study material for the entire syllabus including class 10 social science case study questions. In addition, myCBSEguide also provides practice questions, sample papers and previous year question papers to help students prepare for the exams.
  • Another reason to choose myCBSEguide is the online tests. Online tests are a great way to test your knowledge and prepare for the exams.
  • Finally, myCBSEguide also provides a “Home Work help” forum where students can ask questions and get answers.

In conclusion, myCBSEguide is the ideal resource for CBSE social science Class 10 students, offering everything they need to excel in their studies.

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CBSE Class 10 Social Science Case Study Questions for Term 2 Exam 2022 (with Answers): Best for Last Minute Revision

Cbse class 10 social science case study questions for term 2 exam 2022 are provided here in pdf. the chapter-wise questions are curated by the subject experts. students must practice these questions for last minute revision and score good marks in exam..

Gurmeet Kaur

CBSE Class 10 students can access from here the chapter-wise case study questions for Social Science. These questions are important for the CBSE Class 10 Social Science Term 2 Exam 2022 that will be held on 14th May (Saturday). All the questions are provided with answers for the convenience of students.

In the Social Science paper, Section D will have case based questions of 8 marks.  Therefore, students must practice the important chapter-wise questions provided below for quick revision before exam and score full marks.

New* CBSE Class 10 Social Science Solved Sample Paper By Experts for Last Minute Revision (Term 2)

Check below the CBSE Class 10 Social Science Case Study Questions”

1. Read the following passage and answer the following questions

In the countryside, rich peasant communities – like the Patidars of Gujarat and the Jats of Uttar Pradesh – were active in the movement. Being producers of commercial crops, they were very hard hit by the trade depression and falling prices. As their cash income disappeared, they found it impossible to pay the government’s revenue demand. And the refusal of the government to reduce the revenue demand led to widespread resentment. These rich peasants became enthusiastic supporters of the Civil Disobedience Movement, organising their communities, and at times forcing reluctant members, to participate in the boycott programmes. For them the fight for

swaraj was a struggle against high revenues. But they were deeply disappointed when the movement was called off in 1931 without the revenue rates being revised. So when the movement was restarted in 1932, many of them refused to participate. The poorer peasantry were not just interested in the lowering of the revenue demand. Many of them were small tenants cultivating land they had rented from landlords. As the Depression continued and cash incomes dwindled, the small tenants found it difficult to pay their rent. They wanted the unpaid rent to the landlord to be remitted. They joined a variety of radical movements, often led by Socialists and Communists. Apprehensive of raising issues that might upset the rich peasants and landlords, the Congress was unwilling to support ‘no rent’ campaigns in most places. So the relationship between the poor peasants and the Congress remained uncertain.

1.a.atidars and Jats are rich Peasants of which State?

(A) Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh

(B) Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh

(C) Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan

(D) Punjab and Haryana

1.b.What was the main demand of poor peasants?

(A) remitting of unpaid rent to land lord

(B) Reduction of land revenue

(C) Complete independence

(D) None of the above

1.c.Among the following groups which group actively participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement?

(A) Poor Peasants

(B) Muslims

(D) Rich Peasants

1.d.Which among the following groups joined in radical movements led by socialist and Communists?

(B) Industrialists

(C) Rich farmers

2. Read the following passage and answer the following questions

‘It is said of “passive resistance” that it is the weapon of the weak, but the power which is the subject of this article can be used only by the strong. This power is not passive resistance; indeed it calls for intense activity. The movement in South Africa was not passive but active ...

Satyagraha is not physical force. A satyagraha does not inflict pain on the adversary; he does not seek his destruction ... In the use of satyagraha, there is no ill-will whatever.

‘Satyagraha is pure soul-force. Truth is the very substance of the soul. That is why this force is called satyagraha. The soul is informed with knowledge. In it burns the flame of love. ... Nonviolence is the supreme dharma.

‘It is certain that India cannot rival Britain or Europe in force of arms. The British worship the war-god and they can all of them become, as they are becoming, bearers of arms. The hundreds of millions in India can never carry arms. They have made the religion of non-violence their

2.a.Whose words are given above?

(A) Jawaharlal Nehru

(B) Ambedkar

(C) C R Das

(D) Gandhiji

b.Satyagraha is a passive resistance of weak.

2.c.Satyagraha is based on

(B) Non violence

(C) Both 1 and 2

2.d.Satyagraha is based on ----------

(A) Violence

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Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers Power Sharing

Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers Power Sharing

In this page, you can find CBSE Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers Power Sharing Pdf free download, NCERT Extra Questions for Class 10 Social Science  will make your practice complete.

Power Sharing Class 10 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 1 Very Short Answers Type

Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Extra Questions Question 1. What is majoritarianism? Name a country which has lost peace due to this. (Imp) Answer: It is a belief that the majority community should be able to rule a country in whichever way it wants, by disregarding the wishes and needs of the minority. The country named Sri-Lanka has lost peace due to this.

Extra Questions and Answers Power Sharing

Power Sharing Class 10 Extra Questions Question 2. Which language was recognised as the only official language of Sri Lanka in 1956? (Imp) Answer: Sinhala was recognised as the only official language of Sri Lanka in 1956.

Extra Questions and Answers Power Sharing Civics

Power Sharing Extra Questions Question 3. Why was the tension between the French-speaking and the Dutch-speaking communities more acute in Brussels? Answer: The reason was that the Dutch-speaking community constituted a majority in the country (Belgium), but a minority in the capital (Brussels).

Power Sharing Class 10 Extra Questions PDF Download Question 4. Apart from the Central and the State Government there is the third kind of government in Belgium. Name this government. Mention one feature of this government. Answer: The name of the third type of government in Belgium is community government. This government is elected by people belonging to one language community – Dutch, French and German speaking. It does not matter where do they live.

Extra Questions Of Power Sharing Question 5. What is meant by a community government? Answer: A community government is a type of government in which different social groups handle the affairs of their communities.

Class 10 Power Sharing Extra Questions Question 6. What did the leaders of the Sinhala community do to establish their supremacy? Answer: The leaders of the Sinhala community adopted the principle of majoritarianism to establish their supremacy.

Class 10 Civics Ch 1 Extra Questions Question 7. Where are Sri-Lankan Tamils concentrated in Sri Lanka? Answer: They are concentrated in the north and east of Sri Lanka.

Ch 1 Civics Class 10 Extra Questions Question 8. What is the religion of most of the Sinhala-speaking people? Answer: Most of the Sinhala-speaking people are Buddhists.

Power Sharing Extra Question Answer Question 9. Name the ethnic communities of Sri Lanka. Answer: Sinhalese, Sri Lankan Tamils, Indian Tamils and Muslims.

Extra Questions On Power Sharing Class 10 Question 10. By 1980s several political organisations were formed by the Sri Lankan Tamils. What was the demand of these organisations? Answer: These organisations demanded an independent Tamil Eelam (state) in northern and eastern parts of Sri Lanka.

Civics Class 10 Chapter 1 Extra Questions Question 11. What is the feature of a good democratic government? Answer: In a good democratic government, due respect is given to diverse groups and views that exist in a society.

Extra Question Of Power Sharing Class 10 Question 12. What is the difference between prudential and moral reasons of power sharing? Answer: Prudential reasons stress that power sharing will bring out better outcomes, whereas moral reasons emphasise the very act of power sharing as valuable.

Extra Questions Of Chapter Power Sharing Class 10 Question 13. Which is the major religion of Sri Lanka? Answer: The major religion of Sri Lanka is Buddhism.

Extra Question Of Power Sharing Question 14. In which city are the headquarters of the European Union located? Answer: The headquarters of the European Union are located in Brussels.

Power Sharing Class 10 Extra Questions And Answers Question 15. What is one basic principle of democracy? Answer: One basic principle of democracy is that people are the source of all political power. In a democracy, people rule themselves through institutions of self-government.

Extra Question Answer Of Power Sharing Class 10 Question 16. What is meant by power sharing? Answer: Power sharing means the distribution of power of the government among as many citizens as possible.

Extra Questions Of Power Sharing Class 10 Question 17. Which are the two main social groups in Sri Lanka? (Imp) Answer: The two main social groups in Sri Lanka are Sinhalese (74%) and Tamils (18%).

Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Extra Questions And Answers Question 18. What is the system of checks and balances in power sharing? (Imp) Answer: When power is shared among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary, one organ checks the others. This results in a balance of power among various institutions.

Extra Questions On Power Sharing Question 19. What is meant by vertical division of power? Answer: Vertical division of power means division of power among governments at different levels a general government for the entire country and governments at the provincial or regional level.

Extra Questions Of Chapter 1 Civics Class 1 Question 20. What is meant by horizontal distribution of power? Answer: When power is shared among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary, it is called horizontal distribution of power.

Power Sharing Class 10 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 1 Short Answers Type

Question 1. Explain the vertical division of power by giving examples from India. (Imp) Answer: Vertical division of power: It is the sharing of power among governments at different levels a general government for the entire country and governments at the provincial or regional level. In India. the constitution clearly lays down the powers of different levels of governments i.e., the Central or Union government and the various state governments. There are certain subjects on which the Union government alone can make laws whereas there are others on which the State governments alone can make laws.

Question 2. Describe the ethnic composition of Belgium. (Imp) Answer:

  • The ethnic composition of Belgium is very complex. Of the country’s total population, 59 percent lives in the Flemish region and speaks Dutch language.
  • Another 40 percent people live in the Wallonia region and speak French.
  • Remaining one percent of the Belgians speak German.
  • In the capital city of Brussels, 80 percent people speak French while 20 percent are Dutch speaking.

Question 3. What led to the tensions between the Dutch-speaking and French-speaking communities in Belgium during the 1950s and 1960s? Why was the tension between the two communities more acute in Brussels? Answer: In Belgium during the 1950s and 1960s, the minority French-speaking community was relatively rich and powerful. So, the Dutch-speaking community who got the benefit of economic development and education much later resented this. As a result, tensions grew between the two communities. The tension between these two communities was more acute in Brussels because the Dutch-speaking people constituted majority in the country, but minority in the capital.

Question 4. Describe the diverse population living in Sri Lanka. Answer: Sri Lanka is an island nation. It has about two crore population which is so diverse.

  • The major social groups are the Sinhala-speakers (74%) and the Tamil-speakers (18%).
  • Among Tamils, there are two sub-groups. Tamil natives of the country are called Sri Lankan Tamil (13%). The rest are called Indian Tamils. Their forefathers came from India as plantation workers during colonial period.
  • Most of the Sinhala-speaking people are Buddhists, while most of the Tamils are Hindus or Muslims. There are about 7% Christians, who are both Tamil and Sinhala.

Question 5. Why did the relations between the Sinhala and Tamil communities strain over time? (Imp) Answer: (i) The governments in Sri Lanka followed preferential policies that favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs. A new constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism.

(ii) The Sri Lankan Tamils got disappointed due to these policies. They felt that none of the major political parties led by the Buddhist Sinhala leaders was sensitive to their language and culture.

(iii) They felt that the constitution and government policies denied them equal political rights, discriminated against them in getting jobs and ignored their interests. As a result of the above reasons, the relations between the Sinhala and Tamil communities strained over time.

Question 6. What were the demands of the Sri Lankan Tamils? OR What forced the Sri Lankan Tamils to launch parties and struggles in the country? Answer: The Sri Lankan Tamils were fed up with the preferential policies of the governments. They wanted the governments to listen to them and stop undermining their interests. When nothing happened like this, they launched parties and struggles. Their demands included-

  • Recognition of Tamil as an official language.
  • Recognition for regional autonomy and equality or opportunity in securing education and jobs.
  • An independent Tamil Eelam (state) in northern and eastern parts of Sri Lanka.

Question 7. How is the power-sharing model accepted by Belgium different from that of Sri Lanka? OR How did Belgium and Sri Lanka handle demands for power-sharing in their respective countries? OR ‘Belgium and Sri Lanka dealt with the question of power sharing differently’. Explain. Answer: Both Belgium and Sri Lanka are democracies. Yet, they dealt with the question of power sharing differently

(a) In Belgium, the leaders realised that the unity of the country was possible only by respecting the feelings and interests of different communities and regions. Such a realisation resulted in mutually acceptable arrangements for sharing power. These arrangements were made on the principle of accommodation. So, it worked well and helped to avoid civic strife between the two major communities.

(b) The story of Sri Lanka is quite different. It adopted the principle of majoritarianism in which importance was given to the majority community. It denied the Sri Lankan Tamils equal political rights and favoured the Sinhala community. By doing this, Sri Lanka undermined the unity of the country. It refused to share power by allowing a majority community to force its dominance over others.

Question 8. How did the leaders in Belgium and Sri Lanka try to solve the ethnic problem in their respective countries? Answer: Both Belgium and Sri Lanka are democracies. Yet, they dealt with the question of power sharing differently

Question 9. How is power shared among government at different levels in India? (Imp) Answer: India is a federal country. The constitution originally provided for a two-tier system of government the Central or Union government, representing the Union of India and the State governments. Later, a third tier of federalism was added in the form of Panchayats and Municipalities. The Constitution of India clearly lays down the powers of different levels of government.

There are certain matters on which the Union government alone can make laws. There are others on which the State governments alone can make laws. There are some subjects of common interests to both the Union government as well as the State governments. These matters are handled by both the Union government as well as the State governments in their own ways. The same principle is extended to the level of municipality and panchayat.

Question 10. What do you mean by community government? Explain some of its features. OR Explain the concept of community government in the context of Belgium. Answer: A community government is a government in which different social groups are authorised to handle the affairs of their communities. They share government and often have a common cultural and historical heritage. They work together for the welfare of the common masses without ignoring the interests of any community. The community government in Belgium is elected by people belonging to one language community – Dutch, French and German-speaking – no matter where they live. This government has the power regarding cultural, educational and language related issues.

Power Sharing Class 10 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 1 Long Answers Type

Question 1. State the main elements of power sharing model evolved in Belgium. (V. Imp) OR Give an assessment of the power sharing arrangements made in Belgium. OR What did the Belgian leaders do to accommodate different social groups? Answer: The Belgian leaders recognised the existence of regional differences and cultural diversities. Between 1970 and 1993, they amended their constitution four times so as to work out an arrangement that would enable everyone to live together within the same country. This came to be known as the Belgian model of power sharing. The main elements of this model are-

(i) The Belgian constitution prescribes that the number of Dutch and French-speaking minister shall be equal in the central government. Some special laws require the support of majority of members from each linguistic group. Thus, no single community can make decisions unilaterally.

(ii) Many powers of the Central government have been given to State governments of the two regions of the country. The State governments are not subordinate to the Central government.

(iii) The capital city of Belgium i.e., Brussels has a separate government in which both the communities have equal representation. The French-speaking people accepted equal representation in Brussels because the Dutch-speaking community has accepted equal representation in the Central government.

(iv) There is also a third kind of government in Belgium known as Community government. This government is elected by people belonging to one language community – Dutch, French and German speaking – no matter where they live. This government has the power regarding cultural, educational and language related issues.

Question 2. Explain the four forms of participation in government under modern democratic system. (Imp) Answer: Different forms of power sharing in modern democracies are (i) Horizontal distribution of power: The division of government into the legislature, executive and judiciary is an example of horizontal distribution of power. In this power sharing arrangement, the different organs of government are placed at the same level to exercise different powers. Such a separation ensures that none of the organs can exercise unlimited power. Each organ checks the others.

This results in a balance of power among various institutions. In a democracy, even though ministers and government officials exercise power, they are responsible to the Parliament or State Assemblies. In the same way, although judges are appointed by the executive, they can put a check on the functioning of executive. This arrangement is based on checks and balances.

(ii) Vertical division of power: ¡fis the sharing of power among governments at different levels a general government for the entire country and governments at the provincial or regional level. In India. the constitution clearly lays down the powers of different levels of governments i.e., the Central or Union government and the various state governments. There are certain subjects on which the Union government alone can make laws whereas there are others on which the State governments alone can make laws.

(iii) Power sharing among different social groups: This type of arrangement is meant to give space in the government and administration to diverse social groups who otherwise would feel alienated from the government. This method is used to give minority communities a fair share in power. A good example of this arrangement is the ‘Community government’ in Belgium. This government is elected by people belonging to one language community such as Dutch, French and German- speaking and enjoys power to make decisions on cultural, educational and language-related issues.

(iv) Power sharing between political parties, pressure groups and movements: In a democracy, citizens have the freedom to choose among various contenders for power. In contemporary democracies, this takes the form of competition among different parties. Such competition ensures that power does not remain in one hand. Instead it is shared among different political parties that represent different ideologies and social groups. Pressure groups and movements also have a share in governmental power. They can either participate in governmental committees or can influence the decisioninaking process.

Question 3. How is the political system in Belgium innovative and different from other countries of the world? Explain. OR What measures were adopted by the Belgian leaders to accommodate regional differences and cultural diversities? (Imp) Answer: The Belgian leaders recognised the existence of regional differences and cultural diversities. Between 1970 and 1993, they amended their constitution four times so as to work out an arrangement that would enable everyone to live together within the same country. This came to be known as the Belgian model of power sharing. The main elements of this model are-

(iv) There is also a third kind of government in Belgium known as Community government. This government is elected by people belonging to one language community – Dutch, French and German¬speaking – no matter where they live. This government has the power regarding cultural, educational and language-related issues.

Question 4. Describe horizontal and vertical power sharing in modern democracies. Answer: (i) Horizontal distribution of power: The division of government into the legislature, executive and judiciary is an example of horizontal distribution of power. In this power sharing arrangement, the different organs of government are placed at the same level to exercise different powers. Such a separation ensures that none of the organs can exercise unlimited power. Each organ checks the others.

Question 5. What were the reasons for the alienation of Sri Lankan Tamils? What was the effect of this on the country? (V. Imp) OR Mention the steps taken by the Sri Lankan government to adopt majoritarianism in the country. OR What were the provisions of the 1956 Act? How did it affect the Sri Lankan Tamils? Answer: (i) Sri Lanka became independent in 1948. The leaders of the Sinhala community sought to secure dominance over government by virtue of their majority. Hence, the democratically elected government adopted a series of majoritarian measures to establish Sinhala supremacy.

(ii) The government passed an Act in 1956 to recognise Sinhala as the only official language, thus disregarding Tamil.

(iii) The governments followed preferential policies that favoured Sinhala applicants for university position and government jobs.

(iv) A new constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism. All these measures coming one after the other, gradually increased the feelings of alienation among the Sri Lankan Tamils.

They felt that none of the major political parties led by the Buddhist Sinhala leaders was sensitive to their language and culture. Hence, they launched parties and struggles for the recognition of Tamil as an official language, for regional autonomy and equality of opportunity.

But their demands were repeatedly denied. The distrust between the two communities turned into widespread conflict. It soon turned into a civil war as a result of which thousands of people of both the communities were killed.

Power Sharing Class 10 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 1 Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Questions

Question 1. What caused a civil war in Sri Lanka? How did it cost the country? OR Under what circumstances did a civil war break out in Sri Lanka? What were its results? Answer: The Constitution and government policies in Sri Lanka favoured the Sinhala community and denied the Sri Lankan Tamils equal political rights, discriminated against them in getting jobs and other opportunities and ignored their interests. As a result, the relations between the Sinhala and Tamil communities strained over time. The Sri Lankan Tamils launched parties and struggles for the recognition of Tamil as an official language, for regional autonomy and equality of opportunity in securing education and jobs.

But their demands were repeatedly denied. This angered them and created distrust between the two communities. As a result, widespread conflict took place which soon turned into a civil war. Thousands of people of both the communities were killed. Many families were forced to leave the country as refugees and many more lost their livelihoods. The war caused a terrible setback to the social, cultural and economic life of the country.

Question 2. How can power be shared among different social groups? Explain giving examples from India and Belgium. Answer: In some countries, there are constitutional and legal arrangements whereby socially weaker sections and women are represented in legislatures and administration.

(a) In India, seats are reserved for the people belonging to Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) in Parliament and State legislatures. The system of reservation has been extended to other weaker sections at the district and local levels. One-third of the seats are reserved in rural and urban local bodies for women candidates. Even in government jobs, seats have been reserved for these classes. This type of arrangement has been made in order to bring socially weaker sections and women of the country in the mainstream by empowering them.

(b) In Belgium, apart from the central and the state government, there is a third kind of government, known as community government. This government provides equal representation to both the communities i.e., Dutch and French-speaking people.

Question 3. ‘The idea of power sharing has emerged in opposition to the notions of undivided political power.’ Explain. Answer: For a long time it was believed that all power of a government must reside in one person or group of persons located at one place. It was felt that if the power to decide is dispersed, it would not be possible to take quick decisions and to enforce them. But these notions have changed with the emergence of democracy. In a democracy, people rule themselves through institutions of self-government. Everyone has a voice in the shaping of public policies.

Power Sharing Class 10 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 1 Value-based Questions (VBQs)

Question 1. Why is power sharing desirable? Answer: (i) Power sharing helps to reduce conflict between different social groups. It is a good way to ensure the stability of political order.

(ii) Imposing the will of majority community over others proves disastrous. Tyranny of the majority is not just oppressive for the minority, it often brings ruin to the majority as well.

(iii) A democratic rule involves sharing power with those affected by its exercise, and who have to live with its effects. People have a right to be consulted on how they are to be governed.

Question 2. Which values are associated with a good democracy? Answer:

  • In a good democratic government, due respect is given to diverse groups and views that exist in a society.
  • Everyone has a voice in the shaping of public policies.
  • People are the source of all political power. They rule themselves through institutions of self-government.
  • Everyone feels his/her worth and extends support to the government.

Question 3. Give a comparative study of the principle of accommodation adopted in Belgium and the principle of majoritarianism adopted in Sri Lanka. Which one is based on the human values? Answer: The Belgian leaders followed the principle of accommodation to solve the ethnic problem. They realised that the unity of the country is possible only by respecting the feelings and interests of different communities and regions. Such realisation resulted in mutually acceptable arrangements for sharing power. These arrangements have worked well so far. They helped to avoid civic strife between the two communities.

But the Sri Lankan leaders adopted the principle of majoritarianism to solve the same problem. They imposed the will of the majority community i.e., Sinhala on the minority community i.e., Sri Lankan Tamils. The Belgian model is based on human values.

CBSE Guides

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Civics Social Science Chapter 1 : Power-sharing

Civics Social Science Chapter 1 : Power-sharing

We are providing you with the short and detailed notes of class 10th civics chapter ls 1 power-sharing along with the ncert solutions and multiple-choice questions so that students could get help to understand the new pattern and boost their examination preparation.

We would also share some important value-based questions along with the case-based questions to help out the students to go through and be able to prepare accordingly.

Power-sharing in Belgium

  • Belgium is a small country in Europe.

Division of population-

  • Flemish ( Dutch-speaking) 59%.
  • Wallonia ( French-speaking) 40%
  • The remaining 1% spark German.
  • In the capital city Brussels, 80% of people speak French, while the rest speak Dutch.
  • The minority French-speaking community is economically and educationally well to do in comparison to the Dutch-speaking majority.
  • For accommodating the interests of the minority and the majority, Belgium adopted a unique system of power-sharing.

Belgian model of Governance-

The French and Dutch-speaking ministers are in the central government.

Some special laws require the support of the majority of members from each linguistic group.

Many powers of the central government in which both the communities ( french and dutch) have equal representation.

A ‘ community government’ exists. It is elected by the people belonging to one language community. This government engages with cultural, educational, and language-related issues.

This kind of governance has prevented civil strife between the two different linguistic communities.

Power-sharing in Sri Lanka

  • Sri Lanka has a diverse population with 74% Sinhala speakers and 185 Tamil speakers.
  • Among Tamils, 135 are called Sri Lankan Tamils and the rest Indian Tamils.
  • Most of the Sinhala-speaking people are Buddhists, while most of the Tamils are Hindus or Muslims. There are about 7% Christians, who are both Tamil and Sinhala.
  • Sri Lanka emerged as an Independent country in 1948.
  • In 1956, Sinhala was recognized as the only official language of Sri Lanka; thus, disregarding Tamil.
  • The governments followed preferential policies that favored Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs. A new constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism.
  • A feeling of alienation was seen among the Sri Lankan Tamil.
  • The Sri Lankan Tamils launched parties and struggles for the recognition of Tamil as an official language, for regional autonomy, and equality of opportunity in securing education and jobs. This was denied by the Sinhal dominated government.
  • By the 1980s, several political organizations were formed demanding an independent Tamil Eelam 9state) in northern and eastern parts of Sri Lanka.
  • These differences in the two different communities pushed Sri Lanka into a state of civil war.
  • In Sri Lanka, the idea of majoritarianism crumbled the country in a civil war.

Why is Power Sharing Desirable?

  • Power-sharing helps reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups and brings about political order.

Power-sharing is the very essence of democracy as the participation of citizens is an essential factor.

An intelligent sharing of power among a legislature, executive, and judiciary is very important to the design of democracy.

Forms of Power Sharing

The idea of power-sharing has emerged in opposition to the notions of undivided political power.

In modern sharing democrats, power-sharing arrangements can take many forms such as; 

  • Power is shared among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive, and judiciary. Each organ checks the others. This results in a balance of power among various organs. This is a horizontal division of powers, as it allows different organs of government placed at the same level to exercise different powers.
  • Ministers and government officials exercise power but at the same time, they are resp[onsible to the parliament or state. 
  • Power can be shared among governments at different levels; a general government for the entire country and a government at the provincial or regional level.  Such a government is called the federal government. This is a vertical division of power, as the central government delegates its powers to the state governments, and they, in turn, delegate it to the smaller governing bodies and institutions.
  • Power may also be shared among different social groups such as the religious and linguistic groups. In some countries, there are constitutional and legal arrangements whereby socially weaker sections and women are represented in the legislature and administration.
  • Power-sharing arrangements can also be seen in the way political parties, pressure groups, and movements control or influence those in power. This way the power is shared among different parties that rep[resent different ideologies and social groups.
  • When two or more parties ally to contest elections, this kind of power-sharing can be direct. If their alliance is elected, they form a coalition government and thus are power.

Multiple Choice Questions For Class 10th  Power Sharing

1.  Tyranny of the majority is not just oppressive for the minority; it often brings ruin to:

  • The minority as well
  • The country as well
  • Majority as well 
  • All the above

Ans- Majority as well.

2. Power-sharing is good because it helps to:

  • Increase the possibility of conflict between social groups 
  • Reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups 
  • Share the powers between the social groups
  • None of the above.

Ans- reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups 

3. A legitimate government is one where citizens;

  • Through participation, acquire a stake in the system
  • Through roles, acquire a stake in the system
  • Without participation, acquire and take in the system.

Ans- through participation, acquire a stake in the system 

4. One basic principle of democracy is that people;

  • Can enjoy all the powers 
  • Can not enjoy all the powers
  • Are the source of all political power
  • Are not the source of all political power

Ans- are the source of all political powers

5. In a good democratic government;

  • Due respect is not given to diverse groups
  • Due respect is given to  ministers only
  • Due respect is given to diverse groups and views
  • None of the above

Ans- due respect is given to diverse groups and views 

6. In a democracy political power should be distributed among;

  • As many ministers as possible
  • As many citizens as possible
  • As many women as possible

Ans- as many citizens as possible

7. Judges can check the functioning of laws made by them;

  • Legislature

Ans- Legislature

8. A general government for the entire country is called;

  • General government
  • Central government
  • State government
  • Federal government

Ans- the federal government

9. The government at the provincial for the regional level, in India are called;

  • Zila Parishad
  • Gram panchayat

Ans- state government

10. Community government exists in ;

Ans- Belgium

11. In a democracy, the citizen’s midst have freedom;

  • To choose their rights
  • To choose among various contenders for power
  • Not to vote

Ans- to choose among various contenders for power

12. Power is shared among different political parties that represent;

  • Different candidates
  • Same ideologies
  • Different ideologies and social groups

Ans- different ideologies and social groups

13. The government of Ontario state in Canada has agreed to a land claim settlement with the:

  • Social Groups
  • Aboriginal community’
  • Minority community

Ans- Aboriginal community

14. The Bombay high court ordered the Maharashtra state government to immediately take action and improve living conditions for the

  • 3000 odd women at seven women’s homes in Mumbai. 2000 odd children at six children’s homes in Mumbai. 
  • 200 odd children at seven children’s homes in Mumbai

Ans- 2000 odd children at seven children’s homes in Mumbai

15. Belgium has borders with:

  • USA, Germany, Netherlands, and France
  • Russia, Germany, Netherlands, and Luxembourg
  • Canada, USA, Russia, and Luxembourg
  • France, Netherlands, Germany, and Luxembourg 

Ans- France, Netherlands, Germany, and Luxembourg.

16. Out of the total population of Belgium;

  • 49 percent lives in the flemish region and speaks a dutch language
  • 59 percent lives in the Flemish region and speaks the Dutch language
  • 59 percent lives in the Dutch region and speaks Flemish Language 

Ans- 59 percent lives in the Flemish region and speaks the Dutch language

17. The capital city of Belgium is ;

Ans- Brussels

18. Sri Lankan is just a few kilometers off the southern coast;

  • Maharashtra

Ans- Tamil Nadu

19. Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in;

20. In 1956, an act was passed which recognized Sinhala as the only official language, thus disregarding;

Ans- Tamils

NCERT Solutions For Class 10th Power sharing 

Q1. What are the different forms of power-sharing in modern democracies? Give an example of each of these.

  Different forms of power-sharing in modern democracies-

  • Horizontal division of power – it is the sharing of power among the different organs of government. The government divides into the legislature, executive, and judiciary which is a perfect example of horizontal power-sharing.  In such power-sharing arrangements, different organs of government, placed at the same level, exercise different powers. This separation of powers ensures that no organ exercises different powers. No orphan enjoys unlimited powers. Each organ checks the others, thereby putting in place a system of checks and balances.  For example, the parliament of India and the Indian supreme court.
  • Vertical division of power-   it is the sharing of power among governments at different levels- a general government for the entire country and governments at the provincial or regional level. For example; in India, the constitution defines the way power is to be shared between the central or union government and the various state governments. These are certain on which only the central governments can take decisions, while there are others on which only an exclusive right for decision making.
  • Division of power among social groups- power can also be shared between different groups which differ socially. The system of Community government in Belgium is an example of this type of power division. This government is elected by the people belonging to one language community. And has the power to take decisions regarding cultural, educational, and language-related issues.  The system of reserved constituencies in India is another example.

Q2. state one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing with an example from the Indian context.

A prudential reason for power sharing is that it leads to an avoidance of conflict between social groups. Since social conflict often leads to violence and political instability, power-sharing is a good way to ensure the stability of political order. In India, seats have been reserved in legislatures for the socially weaker sections keeping in mind this prudential reason for power-sharing.

A  moral reason for power sharing is that it upholds the spirit of democracy. In a true, democratic setup, the citizens have a stake in governance. In India, the citizens can come together to debate and criticize the policies and decisions of the government. This in turn puts pressure on the government to rethink its policies and reconsider its decisions. This active political participation is in keeping with the moral reason for power-sharing. 

Q3. Different arguments are usually put forth in favor of and against power-sharing. Identify those who are in favor of power-sharing and select the answer using the codes given below? Power-sharing :

  • Reduces conflict among different communities
  • Decreases the possibility of arbitrariness
  • delays the decision-making process
  • d. accommodates diversities
  • e. increases instability and divisiveness
  • f . promotes people’s participation in government 
  • Undermnienes the unity of a country

Q4. Match List I (forms of power-sharing) with List-II (forms of government) and select the correct answer using codes given below the lists :

(a) (i) – D, (ii) – A, (iii) – B, (iv) – C

(b) (i) – B, (ii) – C, (iii) – D, (iv) – A

(c) (i) – B, (ii) – D, (iii) – A, (iv) – C

(d) (i) – C, (ii) – D, (iii) – A, (iv) – B

Case study Questions Power Sharing class 10th 

Read the extract and answer the following questions.

The idea of power-sharing has emerged in opposition to the notions of undivided political power. For a long time, it was believed that all power of government must reside in one person or group of persons located in one place. It was felt that if the power to decide is dispersed, it would not be possible to take quick decisions and enforce them. But these notions have changed with the emergence of democracy. One basic principle of democracy is that people are the source of all political power. In a democracy, people rule themselves through institutions of self-government. In a good democratic government, due respect is given to diverse groups and views that exist in a society. Everyone has a voice in the shaping of public policies. Therefore, it follows that in a democracy political forms of power-sharing should be distributed amongst as many citizens as possible . 

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

1. The basic principle of democracy is

  • People are the source of political power
  • None can exercise unlimited power
  • The power of a government reside in one person
  • To reduce conflict between social groups  

Ans- people are the source of political power 

2. Which is a prudent reason for power-sharing?

  • It reduces the possibility of conflict between communities and ensures the stability of political order.
  • Power-sharing is the very spirit of a democracy
  • Both the above options
  • None of these.

Ans- both the above options

3. Which of the following options describes a good democratic system?

  • Everyone has a voice in the shaping of public policies.
  • Power to take quick decisions and to enforce them.
  • All powers reside in the person
  • Power is shared among central and state governments

Ans- everyone has a voice in the shaping of public policies.

4. Which of the following is not one of the aspects of the federal division of power?

  • Sharing of powers among central provincial and local governments 
  • Division of powers involving higher and lower levels of governments 
  • The constitution clearly lays down powers of different levels of governments
  • There is no vertical division of powers.

Ans-  there is no vertical division of powers

Read the extract and answer the following questions

Democracy is based on political equality and all individuals have equal right to choose their representative. But along with this ( political equality), we can see growing economic inequality among individuals. A small number of the ultra-rich enjoy a highly disproportionate share of wealth and income. Due to these, their share in the total income of the country is increasing. On the other hand, the income of the poor is declining. Sometimes they find it difficult to meet their basic needs of life, such as food clothing, house, education, and health. Though poor constitute a large proportion of voters, the democratic governments are not keen to take up poverty. The situation is much worse in some other countries. Like Bangladesh where more than half of its population lives in poverty, even people of poor countries are now dependent on the rich countries for food supplies.

1. Democracy is based on 

  • Political equality and that all individuals have equal rights to choose their representatives
  • The wishes and desires of the people of a country
  • The principles of the constitution
  • The foundation of growth and development

Ans- political equality and that all individuals have  equal rights to choose their representatives 

2. Does a democracy hold its purpose?

  • Yes, it holds
  • Sometimes yes, and sometimes no
  • No, it does not
  • The purpose has hit the target.

Ans- sometimes yes and sometimes no

3. What is the present scenario of society?

  • There is an equilibrium between the poor and the rich
  • A small number of ultra-rich enjoy a highly disproportionate share of wealth and incomes
  • The rich have become the leaders of the nation
  • The income of the poor is also increasing.

 Ans-  a small number of ultra-rich enjoy a highly disproportionate share of wealth and incomes.

Value-Based Questions Power sharing class 10th 

Q1. How the Belgian government solved its ethnic problem?

The path of accommodation adopted in Belgium.

  • Dutch and French-speaking ministers shall be equal in the central government.
  • Many powers of the central government have been given to the state government. The state government is not subordinate to the central government.
  • Brussels has a separate government in which both communities have equal representation
  • There is a kind of government called community elected by the people belonging to Dutch-French and German no matter where they live.

Q2. What is Majoritarianism? How has it led to the alienation of the majority community in Sri Lanka?

The dominance of the majority community to rule the country in whichever way it wants, totally disregarding the wishes and needs of the minority community is known as majoritarianism.

  • In Sri Lanka, there are two communities- Sinhala and Tamils the leaders of the Sinhala community sought to secure dominance over the government under their majority. Sinhala has been recognized as the official language of the country by disregarding it.
  • The government followed a preferential policy favoring signalized in university portions and government jobs. The government encouraged and protected Buddhism. The distrust has turned into a civil war that has caused a setback to the social, cultural, and economic life of Sri Lanka.

In a nutshell, we have provided you with a short and detailed summary of the Class 10th civics Chapter 1 Power Sharing and the ncert solutions, multiple-choice questions, case study, and value-based questions to help the students understand the latest assessment pattern and prepare for their examinations. 

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class 10 civics chapter 1 case study questions

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Power Sharing

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 Power Sharing are provided here. With these solutions, you will learn the right way to write answers to the questions perfectly in exams. We have updated the  NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics  Chapter 1 Power Sharing for the current session so that you can easily score high marks in the exams. You can also download PDF of the solutions and use them whenever you are offline.

Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 NCERT Solutions

Question 1: What are the different forms of power sharing in modern democracies? Give an example of each of these.

Answer: Different forms of power sharing in modern democracies:

Horizontal division of power: It is the sharing of power among the different organs of government. The division of government into the executive, the legislature and the judiciary is an example of horizontal division of power. In such a power sharing arrangement, different organs of government, placed at the same level, exercise different powers. This separation of powers ensures that no organ exercises unlimited power. Each organ checks the others, thereby putting in place a system of checks and balances. The division of power between the Council of Ministers headed by the Indian Prime Minister, the Parliament of India and the Indian Supreme Court is an example of this kind of power sharing.

Vertical division of power: It is the sharing of power among governments at different levels — a general government for the entire country and governments at the provincial or regional level. For example, in India, the Constitution defines the way power is to be shared between the Central or Union government and the various State governments. There are certain matters on which only the Central government can take decisions, while there are others on which only an individual state government has an exclusive right for decision making.

Division of power among social groups: Power can also be shared among different groups which differ socially. The system of ‘community government’ in Belgium is an example of this type of power division. This government is elected by people belonging to one language community (Dutch, French and German-speaking), and has the power to take decisions regarding cultural, educational and language related issues. The system of reserved constituencies in India is another example.

Division of power between political parties, pressure groups and movements:

Political parties are the organisations which aim to control power by contesting elections. In a democracy, citizens have the freedom to choose among the various contenders for power (the different political parties or the different alliances comprising political parties). Such a freedom of choice entails competition among the different parties, which in turn ensures that power does not remain in one hand, and is shared among different political parties representing different ideologies and social groups.

Pressure groups and movements also share governmental power, either through participation in governmental committees or by influencing the decision-making process.

Question 2: State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing with an example from the Indian context.

Answer: While prudential reasons stress that power-sharing will bring out better outcomes. In India, the power is shared horizontally among various organs of government. The Legislature, Executive and Judiciary are responsible for administering India. Reservation is applicable in India, where various sections are given benefits over others to avoid conflicts.

Moral reasons emphasise the very act of power-sharing as valuable. In India, citizens are conferred with fundamental rights and directive principles of state policies are implied on the government.

Question 3: After reading this chapter, three students drew different conclusions. Which of these do you agree with and why? Give your reasons in about 50 words.

Thomman− Power sharing is necessary only in societies which have religious, linguisticor ethnic divisions.

Mathayi − Power sharing is suitable only for big countries that have regional divisions.

Ouseph −Every society needs some form of power sharing even if it is small or does nothave social divisions.

Answer: The conclusion drawn by Ouseph is correct. Every society needs some form of power-sharing even if it is small or does not have social divisions because power-sharing helps to reduce the possibility of conflicts among individuals too. For example, there may be a difference of opinion among the members of a joint family. Such differences may be resolved if responsibilities and powers are divided among the members of the family. Similar is the case in societies and governments. Thus, there should be power-sharing in small or big societies or countries.

If there are different communities in a country, they should try to accommodate each other as has been done in Belgium – where the French-speaking people accepted equal representation in Brussels because the Dutch-speaking community has accepted equal representation in the central government.

Question 4: The Mayor of Merchtem, a town near Brussels in Belgium, has defended a ban on speaking French in the town’s schools. He said that the ban would help all non-Dutch speakers integrate in this Flemish town. Do you think that this measure is in keeping with the spirit of Belgium’s power sharing arrangements? Give your reasons in about 50 words.

Answer: This measure is not in keeping with Belgium’s power sharing arrangements. The arrangements seek to maintain peace between the French and Dutch-speaking communities. By banning French, the mayor will cause civil unrest. Both the languages should be made acceptable in the town’s schools. This bilingual education system will be a better way to integrate the people of the town.

Question 5: Read the following passage and pick out any one of the prudential reasons for power sharing offered in this.

“We need to give more power to the panchayats to realise the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the hopes of the makers of our Constitution. Panchayati Raj establishes true democracy. It restores power to the only place where power belongs in a democracy − in the hands of the people. Given power to panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency. When people participate in the planning and implementation of developmental schemes, they would naturally exercise greater control over these schemes. This would eliminate the corrupt middlemen. Thus, Panchayati Raj will strengthen the foundations of our democracy.”

Answer: The prudential reason in the given passage is – “Giving power to Panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency.”

Question 6: Different arguments are usually put forth in favour of and against power sharing. Identify those which are in favour of power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below? Power sharing:

  • reduces conflict among different communities
  • decreases the possibility of arbitrariness
  • delays decision making process
  • accommodates diversities
  • increases instability and divisiveness
  • promotes people’s participation in government
  • undermines the unity of a country

Question 7: Consider the following statements about power sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka.

A. In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority people tried to impose their domination on the minority French-speaking community.

B. In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala-speaking majority.

C. The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power sharing to protect their culture, language and equality of opportunity in education and jobs.

D. The transformation of Belgium from unitary government to a federal one prevented a possible division of the country on linguistic lines.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) A , B , C and D (b) A , B and D (c) C and D (d) B , C and D

Answer: (d) B, C and D

Question 8: Match list I (forms of power sharing) with List II (forms of government) and select the correct answer using the codes given below in the lists:

Question 9: Consider the following two statements on power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below:

A. Power sharing is good for democracy. B. It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.

Which of these statements are true and false?

(a) A is true but B is false (b) Both A and B are true (c) Both A and B are false (d) A is false but B is true

Answer: ( b) Both A and B are true

Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 1 Power Sharing: Chapter Overview

In this chapter, you will learn more about democracy that we started last year. In the previous class, you have noted that in a democracy all power does not rest with anyone organ of the government. There is a sharing of power among the legislatures, executive and judiciary. This is the basic design of democracy. In this chapter, you will get to know more about power-sharing forward. At the starting of the chapter, there are two stories from Belgium and Sri Lanka. Both these stories tell us how democracies handle demands for power-sharing. The stories yield some general conclusions about the need for power-sharing in democracy.

Civics - Class 10

Democratic politics ii, chapter 1: power-sharing.

Power-Sharing class 10 is the 1st chapter from NCERT Civics textbook. Here in this chapter, we will first start by discussing the introduction of the chapter, followed by class 10 power sharing question answer.

Introduction

The solutions to the exercises in the Civics textbook, Democratic Politics-II, are included in NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 - Power-sharing. Students will mostly encounter power sharing class 10 question answers in this chapter that deal with the vertical distribution of power among various levels of government. These power sharing solutions offer all of the answers in a clear and understandable manner. The students' ability to achieve good scores will undoubtedly be improved by writing these power sharing solutions in the exam.

Intext Questions:

Question 1:  i have a simple equation in mind. sharing power = dividing power = weakening the country. why do we start by talking of this.

  • It ensures that people coming from different spheres have ‘say’ in the government.
  • It also ensures that maximum people can participate in the government making decision more democratic.
  • It also helps in reducing conflict between different social groups hence, make country more powerful.

Question 2:  Look at the maps of Belgium and Sri Lanka. In which region, do you find concentration of different communities?

class 10 civics chapter 1 case study questions

  • In case of Belgium, there are two major linguistic groups 1) French speaking people and 2) Dutch speaking people. Most of the French speaking people live in the Wallonia (Northern) region while Dutch speaking people live in the Flemish (Southern) region. The capital city has a ratio 4 : 1 of the French and Dutch speaking people. The German speaking people live in the eastern Belgium.
  • In Sri Lanka, Sinhalese cover a wider region. Except or the northern and eastern central region and a small region in the southern Sri Lanka, Sinhalese liver throughout the country. Sri Lankan Tamils are concentrated in the northern and eastern coastal region. Indian Tamils are concentrated in the northern, central and southern regions. Muslims have sporadic distribution throughout the country.

Question 3:  What’s wrong if the majority community rules? If Sinhalas don’t rule in Sri Lanka, where else will they rule?

  • In democracy, it is a known fact that the government is run by the majority. But majority does not mean only the majority in numbers based on religion or community. In its true sense, majority means majority of opinion. Sometimes, majority community may also have part in majority opinion. So, if majority rule is based on opinion it is never a problem to minorities.
  • Of course, Sinhalas form the majority community of Sri Lanka and it should have bigger share in the government. But, it does not mean that other’s do not get proper representation. If it is so, it will not be a true democracy.

Question 4:  What kind of a solution is this? I am glad our Constitution does not say which minister will come from which community.

Answer:  Yes, Constitution does not say which minister will come from which community; this is because of the secularism. Secularism means that there will be no role of religions, community in the work of the country. Our constitution has given the ideas of equality, fraternity and brotherhood. It was in the ancient time, leaders would come from communities. Our India is a democratic country and it has proclaimed itself as a secular country. Our India doesn't want to disrespect with the other religions.

Question 5:  So you are saying that sharing of power makes us more powerful. Sounds odd! Let me think.

Advantages of power sharing are:

  • It is very effective in the long run as chances of disputes and conflicts among majority and minority is lowered.
  • It maintains stability in the political order by balancing power distribution.
  • It ensures democracy in a country as powers are distributed.
  • It reduces conflicts between diverse social groups and communities.
  • It helps in maintaining a balance of power between the different organs of the government and reduces concentration of power in single organ or body.

Question 6:  Annette studies in a Dutch medium school in the northern region of Belgium. Many French-speaking students in her school want the medium of instruction to be French. Selvi studies in a school in the northern region of Sri Lanka. All the students in her school are Tamil speaking and they want the medium of instruction to be Tamil. If the parents of Annette and Selvi were to approach respective governments to realize the desire of the child who is more likely to succeed? And why?

Answer:  The parents of Annette are most likely to succeed as in Belgium, the community government is elected by the people belonging to one language community- Dutch French or German speaking. This government has the power regarding cultural, educational and language related issues. Whereas the parents of Selvi may not get succeeded in Sri Lanka. Here education is taken care of by the central government. And for common people, it is almost impossible to consult the central government and solve such a problem.

Question 7:  can you help poor Vikram in answering Vetal?

As per Abraham Lincoln, democracy is a government “of the people by the people and for the people”. But it doesn’t mean to make a situation that can cause disturbances and blood sheds in the society. It is based on “live and let live”. So if there is an agreement among different communities to the country on the basis of fixed power sharing among them, it is right. There is no need to rewrite the rule.

In Lebanon, sticking to the agreement is giving Universal franchise. If the rules of the Lebanon is providing all the people to caste vote and contest elections as per agreement of power sharing among different communities, I would not adopt the ‘regular’ rules followed everywhere, as Khalil suggests. I would stick to the rules made after agreement among different communities. I don’t need to do something else.

Question 8:  Recently some new laws were made in Russia giving more powers to its president. During the same time the US president visited Russia. What according to this cartoon, is the relationship between democracy and concentration of power? Can you think of some other examples to illustrate the point being made here?

class 10 civics chapter 1 case study questions

  • Democracy is for the people by the people and of the people. Democracy, in general represents the will of the common people. But when the power is concentrated in a particular hand, in a democratic government, this individual outlasts the will of the common people. In the cartoon same situation has been shown where democracy is run by a few people, power is concentrated in their hands and they act according to their will without considering the welfare of the general people.
  • Other bad examples of democracy are: Pakistan, there is an elected democratic government but this is not the true representation of the will of the people. Once elected, the power- carrying men run the government as per their wishes. Iraq was another example where democracy was being run in an autocratic manner.

Question 9:  In my school, the class monitors changes every month. Is that what you call a power sharing arrangement?

Answer:  Changing of class monitor every month cannot be called a power sharing arrangement. Because, in power sharing arrangement, different institutions and different groups which exercise their power and check the actions of each other through their power. This power sharing arrangement is also called a system of checks and balances.

Question 10:  Here are some examples of power sharing. Which of the four types of power sharing do these represent? Who is sharing power with whom?

  • This is an example of power sharing among different organs of the government.
  • Here the power is shared between the judiciary and the executive.
  • This is an example of sharing of power among different social groups.
  • Here, the power is shared between the aboriginals and other social groups.
  • Political parties pressure groups and movements control or influence power.
  • Here, the power is being shared between SPS and the liberal Yabloko movement. This is an example of power sharing arrangements in the way
  • This is an example of power sharing among governments at different levels.
  • Here, the power is being shared between federal and state governments and also among the state governments

Question 1:  What are the different forms of power sharing in modern democracies? Give an example of each of these.

Power is shared among the different organs of the government such as the legislature, executive, and the judiciary in a democratic government. In this kind of power-sharing arrangement, one can exercise unlimited powers in their own sphere. Each organ has its own powers, and it can also check the powers of others. So this results in a balance of power among the various institutions. This is called the horizontal distribution of power because it allows different organs of the government placed at the same level to exercise different powers.

Under this, people choose separate governments at separate levels, for example, a general local government for the entire country and local governments at the provincial, sub-national or regional levels. Such a general government for the entire country is usually called a Federal government.

In countries like Belgium where multi ethnic societies exist, power is also shared among social groups such as the religious and linguistic groups. ‘Community government’ in Belgium is a good example of this arrangement. In some countries, there are constitutional and legal arrangements whereby socially weaker sections and women are represented in the legislatures and the administration.

Democracy provides citizens with a choice to choose their rulers. In a democracy, power is also shared among different political parties, pressure groups, and movements. This chance is provided by the various political parties, who contest elections to win them. In democracy, such competition ensures that power does not remain in one hand.

Question 2:  State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power-sharing with an example from the Indian context.

For example, in India seats in the assemblies and parliament have been reserved. This arrangement is meant to give space in the government and administration to diverse social groups. In addition to this minorities have been granted special fundamental rights.

A true democratic government is one where citizens participate and acquire a stake in the system. Thus, moral reasons emphasize the very act of power-sharing as valuable. In India, people elect their representatives every five years or earlier. People have also been granted the right to information, another move towards democratic society.

Question 3:  After reading this chapter, three students drew different conclusions. Which of these do you agree with and why? Give your reasons in about 50 words. Thomman — Power sharing is necessary only in societies which have religious, linguistic or ethnic divisions. Mathai — Power sharing is suitable only for big countries that have regional divisions. Ouseph — Every society needs some form of power-sharing even if it is small or does not have social divisions.

  • Some power-sharing is always needed to give voice to all, and representation to all the members of the country.
  • Power-sharing solutions are adopted to maintain stability in the system, and peace among various groups to ensure the smooth functioning of the system, irrespective of the size of the country.

Question 4:  The Mayor of Merchtem, a town near Brussels in Belgium, has defended a ban on speaking French in the town’s schools. He said that the ban would help all non-Dutch speakers integrate into this Flemish town. Do you think that this measure is in keeping with the spirit of Belgium’s power-sharing arrangements? Give your reasons in about 50 words.

It is against the spirit of accommodating every linguistic group, and creating a right environment for everyone to live. This ban can possibly create division of the community on linguistic lines.

Question 5:  Read the following passage and pick out any one of the prudential reasons for power sharing offered in this : “We need to give more power to the panchayats to realise the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the hopes of the makers of our Constitution. Panchayati Raj establishes true democracy. It restores power to the only place where power belongs in a democracy – in the hands of the people. Giving power to Panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency. When people participate in the planning and implementation of developmental schemes, they would naturally exercise greater control over these schemes. This would eliminate the corrupt middlemen. Thus, Panchayati Raj will strengthen the foundations of our democracy.”

Answer:  Power sharing to local self governments strengthens democracy. In this way power sharing will help to reduce the possibility of conflicts among different social groups in the village. There will be no violence and political stability will be established. As a result of it there will be peace and the village may make progress in different fields. Giving power to Panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency. When people participate in the planning and implementation of developmental schemes, they would naturally exercise greater control over these schemes. This would eliminate the corrupt middlemen. Thus, Panchayati Raj will strengthen the foundations of our democracy.

Question 6:  Different arguments are usually put forth in favour of and against power-sharing. Identify those which are in favour of power-sharing and select the answer using the codes given below. Power-sharing : reduces conflict among different communities. decreases the possibility of arbitrariness. delays the decision-making process. accommodates diversities. increases instability and divisiveness. promotes people’s participation in government. undermines the unity of a country.

Answer:  (a) A, B, D, F.

Question 7:  Consider the following statements about power-sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka : In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority of people tried to impose their domination on the minority French-speaking community. In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala-speaking majority. The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power-sharing to protect their culture, language and equality of opportunity in education and jobs. The transformation of Belgium from a unitary government to a federal one prevented a possible division of the country on linguistic lines. Which of the statements given above are correct? A, B, C, and D A, B, and D C and D B, C, and D

Answer:  (d) B, C, and D. (A) is incorrect - In Belgium the power sharing problem arose because the Dutch-speaking people constituted a majority in the country, but a minority in the capital.

Question 8:  Match List I (forms of power sharing) with List II (forms of government) and select the correct answer using the codes given below in the lists:

class 10 civics chapter 1 case study questions

Answer:  (c) 1-B, 2-D, 3-A, 4-C.

Question 9:  Consider the following two statements on power-sharing and select the answer using the codes given below : Power sharing is good for democracy. It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups. Which of these statements are true and false? A is true but B is false Both A and B are true Both A and B are false A is false but B is true

Answer:  (b) Both A and B are true.

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  • NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Chapter 1 - Power Sharing
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Mastering Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 1: Power Sharing PDF Download

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Important Topics Covered Under NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 1 - Power Sharing

A quick glance about the topic .

Usually, In a democratic country, power does not keep in a single organ of government.

To design a democracy, It is important to share the power among the legislature, judiciary and executive. 

Belgium is a small European country located on the border of the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg. Its land space and population are lesser than Haryana. 

Before 1940’s and 1950s, 40% of the minority French speaking population were rich and getting good education while compared to  60% of the majority Ductch speaking population. 

In the capital of Belgium, the French population is 80% and the dutch population is only 20% . So conflict arose.

In Srilanka 74% of population are singala speaking people, 18% are tamil speaking population. The tamil speaking population even have two subdivisions as,Srilankan tamils and Indian tamils. Here, the Sinhala speaking population are buddhists, Tamil speaking populations are either Hindu or Muslims. 

In 1956, an act was passed as Sinhala is the only official language by degrading tamil. So, the Tamil speaking population lost their opportunity to serve in government jobs. So conflict arose.

The Tamil speaking community stood against the government to receive their opportunity. Later it turned into a civil war. Thousands and Thousands of people shed their lives. 

But Belgium recognized the differentiation in culture and diversity. The government started giving equal rights to both the people in both central and state governments and created a community government. 

These measures avoided civic strife among the two communities. 

So, power sharing reduces conflicts among two communal groups.

Majorities won’t suppress the minorities. Both the communities will have equal economic growth. 

Access NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science (Civics) Chapter 1 - Power Sharing

1. What are the different forms of power sharing in modern democracies? Give an example of each of these.

Ans: The different forms of power sharing are:

Horizontal Division of Power - Sharing of power between different departments of government, example, power sharing by the executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary. Here, power sharing arrangement, different departments of government, placed at the same level use different powers. This kind of separation makes sure that none of the departments use unlimited power.

Vertical Division of Power - Sharing of power at different levels in a government. Example, a government for the whole country, and a government for the state. In India, it is the Central Government, State Government, Municipality, Gram Panchayat etc. The Constitution helps in laying down powers of different levels of government.

Division of Power among Different Social Groups - Power can be shared among different groups which are different from religious groups. ‘Community Government’ in Belgium is an example of this kind of power sharing. Reserved constituencies in India are also another example. This kind of arrangement is used for fair share in power.

Division of Power among Political Parties, Pressure Groups and Movements - In contemporary democracy such a division takes the form of competition among different parties, which in turn ensures that power does not remain in one hand and is shared among different political parties representing different ideologies and social groups.

2. State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing with an example from the Indian context.

Prudential Reason: Power sharing helps in reducing the conflict between various social groups. So, power sharing is necessary for maintaining social harmony and peace. In India, seats are reserved for weaker sections. Example: reservation of seats for SC and ST. This helps weaker sections to contribute in running the Government.

Moral Reason: It holds the spirit of democracy. In a democratic setup, the citizens too have a stake in governance. The citizens in India come together to debate the policies and decisions of the government, this will put pressure on the government to rethink about the policies and its decisions.

3. After reading the chapter, three students drew different conclusions. Which of these do you agree with and why? Give your reason in about 50 words.

Thomman - Power sharing is necessary only in societies which have religions, linguistic or ethnic divisions.

Mathayi - Power sharing is suitable only for big countries that have regional divisions.

Ouseph - Every society needs some form of power sharing even if it is small or does not have social divisions.

Ans: Ouseph’s statement is quite logical, hence, should be agreed on. Any society requires power sharing even if it is small.

In a democratic society, members or citizens participate and acquire stake in the system. Power sharing prevents conflict between any two groups, it also generates a sense of belongingness in the society.

Power sharing helps in maintaining a balance of power in various institutions, irrespective of type of society and its size people will be satisfied where they have a role to play in decision making.

4. The Mayor of Merchtem, a town near Brussels in Belgium, has defended a ban on speaking French in the town’s schools. He said that this’ measure is in keeping with the spirit of Belgium’s power sharing arrangements? Give your reason in about 50 words.

Ans: No, this measure was not related to Belgium’s power sharing arrangements. The arrangements seek to maintain peace between the French and Dutch speaking communities. Both French and Dutch languages will be made acceptable in town’s schools. Bilingual education system is a better way to integrate the people.

5. Read the following passage and pick out any one of the prudential reasons for power sharing offered in this.

“We need to give more power to the panchayats to realize the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the hopes of the makers of our Constitution. Panchayati Raj establishes true democracy. It restores power to the only place where power belongs in a democracy – in the hands of the people. Giving power to panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency. When people participate in the planning and implementation of developmental schemes, they would naturally exercise greater control over these schemes. This would eliminate the corrupt middlemen. Thus, Panchayati Raj will strengthen the foundations of our democracy.”

Ans: The prudential reason for power sharing offered in the above passage is giving power to panchayats. It is a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency.

6. Different arguments are usually put forth in favor of and against power sharing. Identify those which are in favor of power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below? Power sharing:

Reduces conflict among different communities

Decreases the possibility of arbitrariness

Delays decision making process

Accommodates diversities

Increase instability and divisiveness

Promotes people’s participation in government

Undermines the unity of a country

7. Consider the following statements about power sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka. 

A. In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority people tried to impose their domination on the minority French-speaking community. 

B. In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala-speaking majority. 

C. The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power sharing to protect their culture, language and equality of opportunity in education and jobs. 

D. The transformation of Belgium from unitary government to a federal one prevented a possible division of the country on linguistic lines. 

Which of the statements given above are correct? 

A, B, C and D 

A, B and D 

C and D 

Option d) B, C and D

Q8. Match list I (forms of power sharing) with List II (forms of government) and select the correct answer using the codes given below in the lists:

9. Consider the following two statements on power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below:

Power sharing is good for democracy.

It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.

Which of these statements are true and false?

A is true but B is false

Both A and B are true

Both A and B are false

A is false but B is true

Option b) Both A and B are true.

NCERT Civics Class 10 Chapter 1 - Questions Overview

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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Power-Sharing

In chapter 1 Civics Class 10, there are many different kinds of sharing of power in the democracies which are modern. The questions in vedantu can answer these. The horizontal dividing of the power is all about the power-sharing among the organs of the government and as an example, it can be said that sharing is done by that of the Judiciary, Legislative, and Executive. The module goes on to describe that during this type of sharing of power arrangement there are many organs of that of the government that have been placed at an equal level by exercising multifarious powers. This kind of separation makes sure that the organs of the government can be able to exercise the power which is unlimited hence checking one another. 

There is also the vertical division of power and therefore is a system of sharing of power for that of the government at many different levels. As an example, it can be said that the government in general for that of the whole country along with the governments which are at the regional or the provincial levels. It is in India that one refers to the same as the Central Government, Municipality, State Governments and Gram Panchayat etc. 

NCERT Questions on the Reasons for Power-Sharing in Class 10 

The answer to this question begins with that of a prudential reason as the sharing of power helps in the reduction of conflict among many of the social groups. This is the reason why the sharing of power is extremely important for the maintenance of harmony in society along with that of peace. In the Indian context, there are seats that are preserved for that of the weaker sections in society. As an example, it can be said that the seats and their reservation for that of the Scheduled tribes and scheduled castes. This will be allowing the weaker sects to be able to participate in the running of that of the government. 

There is also a moral reason which is that the spirit of democracy is upheld by this kind of a system of reservation. In a setup that is truly democratic, the ordinary citizens also have a say in the government. In a country like that of India, its citizens may be able to come together to debate and critique the decisions and the policies of that of the government. This can grill the government into taking the right decision for the sake of the entire nation. 

All information has been provided on the Vedantu website with as much lucidity as possible. The solutions are given in a way that students are able to understand and score higher than they normally would. 

Exploring the Reasons for Power-Sharing: NCERT Questions in Class 10

Prudential reason: sharing power helps reduce conflicts among different social groups, leading to harmony and peace in society. in the indian context, reserved seats for weaker sections like scheduled tribes and scheduled castes allow them to participate in the government's functioning. moral reason: power sharing upholds the spirit of democracy. in a truly democratic setup, ordinary citizens have a voice in the government. in countries like india, citizens can come together to debate and critique government decisions and policies, encouraging the government to make decisions that benefit the entire nation. vedantu's website: vedantu provides comprehensive information on power sharing, explaining the concept with clarity. the solutions provided on the website are designed to help students understand the topic and improve their scores.  , ncert solutions for class 10 social science political science chapter 1.

The subject of Social Sciences is very vital in standard 10. It is the combined mix of Economics, Political Science, Geography, and History. Students will have to be laying emphasis on the same so that they are able to score their personal best in the extremely crucial board examinations. Democratic Politics is something that is also very very important since it provides us with the idea in regards to how a government is working. 

NCERT Class 10 Social Science (Democratic Politics) Other Chapters Solutions PDF 

Chapter 2 - Federalism

Chapter 3 - Democracy and Diversity

Chapter 4 - Gender, Religion and Caste

Chapter 5 - Popular Struggles and Movements

Chapter 6 - Political Parties

NCERT Class 10 Social Science Books Available for

NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science - Understanding Economic Development

NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science - India and the Contemporary World - II

NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science - Democratic Politics

Summary of Chapter 1 Power Sharing

Chapter 1 of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Democratic Politics mainly focuses on a system called power-sharing in a democracy. This system allows the government to share its powers and responsibilities among different levels. In India, the judiciary, executive, and legislature are the different organs that share powers to successfully run the government. In this chapter, the students will learn different forms of power-sharing with examples of Sri Lanka, Belgium, and more.

Below are the key concepts discussed in this chapter.

Belgium and Sri Lanka

Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka

Accommodation in Belgium

Why is power sharing desirable?

Forms of power-sharing

You can download the free pdf version of this solution available on Vedantu’s website to secure good marks in the exam.

Studying and understanding the concept of power sharing in Chapter 1 helps students grasp the importance of power distribution in maintaining a democratic system. It enables them to appreciate the principles of democracy and the significance of inclusive governance in fostering harmony and stability. In NCERT Solutions Class 10 Democratic Politics Chapter 1 – Power-sharing provided by Vedantu consists of solutions to the exercises given in the Civics book (Democratic Politics-II). Students will mostly find questions that are related to the vertical division of power-sharing among different levels of government in this chapter. The answers to all questions provided are written in a simple and easy-to-understand way which will surely help the students to score high marks in the exam.

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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Chapter 1 - Power Sharing

1. How accurate is Vedantu’s information for a student preparing for the boards for Civics Class 10 Chapter 1 especially for power-sharing Class 10?

The answers that Vedantu is offering are accurate enough as per the guidelines set by the NCERT. The teachers involved have curated the modules passionately so that children can learn and understand from the same. They are detailed yet very easy to comprehend while making it sound interesting so that students can feel refreshed after a session of learning and not unduly taxed.

2. Can Vedantu help a student fetch better marks at NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 1?

This platform is a multiservice online learning portal where the chapters and the modules have been curated in a way that students can understand as well as practice for their boards. The answers have been written and fleshed out by experts in the field who have a lot of experience and know-how it is better for a child to be learning at the stage where they currently are. This is what empowers the platform to be in turn empowering the students with knowledge. 

3. What is power sharing according to Chapter 1 of Class 10 Social Science?

Power-sharing is a concept introduced in Chapter 1 of Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics. It involves both a horizontal and a vertical sharing of power. In the horizontal form, power is exercised by different organs of the government at the same level while in vertical sharing, a hierarchy system is followed. Power sharing forms an important aspect of democracy and ensures no organ of the government exercises unlimited power.

4. Why is power sharing so important according to Chapter 1 of Class 10 Social Science?

As has been mentioned previously, power-sharing is a pillar upholding the values of Indian democracy, which is why it is considered so important. Horizontal power-sharing is explained by talking about organs of the government and the autonomy they hold. It can be said that sharing is done by that of the Judicial, Legislative, and Executive organs of the government. In contrast to this, vertical power-sharing is explained via the relationship between the Central and State Governments.

5. What are the different forms of power sharing Vedantu?

Vedantu is a reliable resource that can be trusted with providing accurate answers to questions. In Vedantu NCERT CBSE Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 1 Solutions, two major types of power-sharing have been discussed alongside two subcategories. In modern democracies, horizontal and vertical sharing of power is seen hand in hand with power-sharing between different groups and political parties. All of these are important in maintaining peace in a democracy like India.

6. What does Chapter 1 of Class 10 Social Science consist of?

Chapter 1 of NCERT Social Science in Class 10 is a mix of Economics, Political Science, and History. A basic idea of democratic politics and its infrastructure is provided to students here so that they have some insight into how the Indian government operates. The first chapter focuses solely on talking about the distribution of power in the government and is of extreme importance for board exams.

7. Is Democratic Politics difficult to understand?

With the help of Vedantu's NCERT Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapter 1 Solutions, even the most difficult concepts are explained to students in a simplified manner. You should be able to understand all the information presented to you in this chapter of Democratic Politics as long as you go through the solutions provided in the link. Make sure to read the chapter at least twice or thrice. The PDFs of the NCERT Solutions are also available on the Vedantu app free of cost.

NCERT Class 10 Social Science Democratic Politics Chapterwise Solutions

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Case Study Questions Chapter 1 Power-sharing

Please refer to the Case Study Questions Chapter 1 Power-sharing with answers provided for Class 10 Social Science. These solved case study based questions are expected to come in the Class 10 Economics exam in the current academic year. We have provided Case study for Class 10 Social Science for all chapters here. You should practise these solved case studies to get more marks in examinations.

Chapter 1 Power-sharing Case Study Questions Class 10 Social Science

1. Read the source given below and answer the following questions:

Power sharing arrangements can also be seen in the way political parties, pressure groups and movements control or influence those in power. In a democracy, the citizens must have freedom to choose among various contenders for power. In contemporary democracies, this takes the form of competition among different parties. Such competition ensures that power does not remain in one hand. In the long run, power is shared among different political parties that represent different ideologies and social groups. Sometimes this kind of sharing can be direct, when two or more parties form an alliance to contest elections. If their alliance is elected, they form a coalition government and thus share power. In a democracy, we find interest groups such as those of traders, businessmen, industrialists, farmers and industrial workers. They also will have a share in governmental power, either through participation in governmental committees or bringing influence on the decision-making process.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

(i) What does the competition amongst the political parties ensure? (a) power remains in one hand (b) power is shared (c) power does not remain in one hand (d) all the above

(ii) What do you understand by pressure groups? (a) organisations that attempt to oppose government policies (b) organisations that attempt to influence government policies (c) organisations that attempt to reject government policies (d) none of the above

(iii) What is the meaning of coalition? (a) one party (b) oppose (c) alliance (d) multi party

(iv) None-sharing of power leads to (a) peace among all the communities (b) tyranny of the majority and oppression of the majority (c) negation of the very spirit of democracy (d) both (b) and (c)

2. Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:

The Belgian leaders took a different path. They recognised the existence of regional differences and cultural diversities. Between 1970 and 1993, they amended their constitution four times so as to work out an arrangement that would enable everyone to live together within the same country. The arrangement they worked out is different from any other country and is very innovative. Here are some of the elements of the Belgian model: Constitution prescribes that the number of Dutch and French-speaking ministers shall be equal in the central government. Some special laws require the support of majority of members from each linguistic group. Thus, no What’s wrong if the majority community rules? If Sinhalas don’t rule in Sri Lanka, where else will they rule? single community can make decisions unilaterally. Many powers of the central government have been given to state governments of the two regions of the country. The state governments are not subordinate to the Central Government. Brussels has a separate government in which both the communities have equal representation. The Frenchspeaking people accepted equal representation in Brussels because the Dutch-speaking community has accepted equal representation in the Central Government. Belgium is a small country in Europe, smaller in area than the state of Haryana. It has borders with France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg. It has a population of a little over one crore, about half the population of Haryana. The ETHNIC composition of this small country is very complex. Of the country’s total population, 59 per cent lives in the Flemish region and speaks Dutch language. Another 40 per cent people live in the Wallonia region and speak French. Remaining one per cent of the Belgians speak German. In the capital city Brussels, 80 per cent people speak French while 20 per cent are Dutchspeaking.

(i) What led to tensions between the Dutch-speaking and French-speaking communities? (a) Both the communities were equal in socio-economic ladder and this was resented by the French-speaking community. (b) He minority French – speaking community was richer and more powerful than the majority Dutch-speaking community. (c) The majority Dutch- speaking community was richer and more powerful than the minority French-speaking community. (d) Both the communities demanded special powers

(ii) Who elects the community government in Belgium? (a) The citizens of the whole country (b) By the leader of Belgium (c) People belonging to one language community only (d) The community leader to Belgium

(iii) Which language is spoken by the majority of Belgians? (a) Dutch (b) French (c) German (d) English

(iv) Which two languages are generally spoken in Belgium? (a) Dutch and English (b) French and English (c) French and Dutch (d) Dutch and Sinhala

3. Read the given extract and answer the following questions:

Power is shared among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary. Let us call this horizontal distribution of power because it allows different organs of government placed at the same level to exercise different powers. Such a separation ensures that none of the organs can exercise unlimited power. Each organ checks the others. This results in a balance of power among various institutions. We studied that in a democracy, even though ministers and government officials exercise power, they are responsible to the Parliament or State Assemblies. Similarly, although judges are appointed by the executive, they can check the functioning of executive or laws made by the legislatures. This arrangement is called a system of checks and balances.

(i) It allows different organs of government placed at the same level to exercise different powers is known as ___________. (a) circular distribution of power (b) vertical distribution of power (c) horizontal distribution of power (d) all the above

(ii) Power sharing means – (a) system of political arrangements in which power is shared between ministers of the government (b) system of political arrangements in which power is shared between different organs of the government (c) system of political arrangements in which power is shared between different levels of government (d) all the above

(iii) Power sharing is between – (a) legislature, executive and parliament (b) legislature, executive and judiciary (c) legislature, high court and judiciary (d) none of the above

(iv) Judges are appointed by the executive, they can check the functioning of executive or laws made by the legislatures, known as ____________. (a) horizontal distribution of power (b) checks and balances (c) vertical distribution of power (d) all the above

4. Read the source given below and answer the following questions:

Power may also be shared among different social groups such as the religious and linguistic groups. ‘Community government’ in Belgium is a good example of this arrangement. In some countries there are constitutional and legal arrangements whereby socially weaker sections and women are represented in the legislatures and administration. Last year, we studied the system of ‘reserved constituencies’ in assemblies and the parliament of our country. This type of arrangement is meant to give space in the government and administration to diverse social groups who otherwise would feel alienated from the government. This method is used to give minority communities a fair share in power. Power sharing arrangements can also be seen in the way political parties, pressure groups and movements control or influence those in power. In a democracy, the citizens must have freedom to choose among various contenders for power. In contemporary democracies, this takes the form of competition among different parties. Such competition ensures that power does not remain in one hand. In the long run, power is shared among different political parties that represent different ideologies and social groups. Sometimes this kind of sharing can be direct, when two or more parties form an alliance to contest elections.

(i) Power can be shared in modern democracies in the following ways: (a) Among different organs of the government (b) Among various levels (c) Among different social groups (d) All the above

(ii) Which is a prudential reason for power – sharing? (a) It reduces the possibility of conflict between communities and ensures the stability of political order (b) Power- sharing is the very spirit of democracy (c) both the above (d) None of the above

(iii) Which one of the following statements about community government is true? (a) Power is shared among different organs of the government (b) Power is shared among governments at different levels (c) Power is shared by different social groups (d) Power is shared by two or more political parties

(iv) Power sharing is good because: (a) It increase the conflict between social groups (b) It ensures the instability of political order (c) It reduces the possibility of conflict between social groups (d) It leads to violence

Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question. Why is power sharing good for democracies? Explain one reason. Ans.  Power sharing is good for the democracy as it helps to reduce conflicts between the social groups. Since social conflicts often lead to violence and political instability, power sharing is a good way to ensure stability and political order.

Question. How is community government elected in Belgium? Ans.  In Belgium, community government is elected by all those people who belong to one community and all those who speak the same language regardless of where they live.

Question. An independent Tamil Eelam was one of the main demands of the Tamils in Sri Lanka. What is meant by ‘Eelam’ here? Ans.  Here ‘Eelam’ means a separate state exclusively meant for the Tamils.

Question. Why is power sharing desirable? Explain one reason. Ans.  Power sharing reduces possibilities of social conflicts and the accumulation of powers in the hands of a particular group of people.

Question. How did the feeling of alienation develop among Sri Lankan Tamils? Ans.  The feeling of alienation developed among Sri Lankan Tamils because of the ‘majoritarian measures’ adopted by the Sri Lankan government.

Question. Study the picture and answer the question that follows:

Chapter 1 Power-sharing

What is the character doing in the given picture? Ans.  To understand the true meaning of democracy, the character is trying to read in between the lines of a paragraph probably published in a newspaper.

Question. Differentiate between community government in Belgium and majoritarian government in Sri Lanka. Ans.

Chapter 1 Power-sharing

Question. Why was there an acute problem in Brussels during 1950s and 1960s between the two communities ? Ans.  Acute problems in Brussels: The Dutch speaking people constituted majority in the country but minority in the capital.

Question. Why is there a need to give space to diverse social groups in the administration of a democratic country? Give any one reason. Ans.  It is necessary to give space to diverse social groups in the administration of a country to avoid majoritarianism, accumulation of power in the hands of a particular social group which would lead to social conflicts.

Question. Recognize the form of power sharing which is represented by the Community Government in Belgium. Ans.  Power sharing among different social groups like the religious and linguistic groups.

Short Answer Type Questions

Question. ‘One basic principle of democracy is that people are the source of all political power.’ Justify the statement. Ans.  This is true that people are the source of all political power in democracy. It is so because: (1) In a democracy, people rule themselves through institutions of self-governance. (2) In a good democracy, due respect is given to diverse groups and views that exist in a society. (3) Everyone has a voice in the shaping of public policies.

Question. Why does money and muscle power play an important role in elections? Ans.  Money and muscle power play an important role in elections because: Parties tend to nominate only those candidates who have or can raise lots of money. Rich people and companies who fund political parties are bound to have great influence over the decisions, agenda and ideology of the party. When in power, most actions are taken keeping their benefits in mind.to have influence on the policies and decisions of the party. In some cases parties even support criminals who can win election due to their influence and muscle power.

Question. Describe the horizontal power sharing arrangement. OR What do you mean by Horizontal Power sharing? Mention its benefits. Ans.  Horizontal power sharing arrangement is one of the types of power sharing. This type of power sharing takes place among different organs or institutions of government all placed at the same level. No organ is subordinate to the other. Power is equally divided among the three organs with different functions for each of them. These organs are independent and check over one another for misuse of power. In India, this kind of arrangement is found among legislative, executive and judicial organs at all levels. This helps to avoid accumulation of power.

Question. Both Belgium and Sri Lanka are democracies but they follow different systems of power sharing. Support the statement by giving three points of difference. Ans.  Difference in power sharing arrangements of Belgium and Sri Lanka: (1) In Belgium, the government does not follow preferential policies in matters of jobs and education unlike Sri lanka. In Sri Lanka, majoritarian government gave its preference to only Sinhala language speaking community. (2) In Belgium, there is a unique setup called ‘community government’ to look after the cultural, educational and language related issues of minorities and majority. In Sri Lanka, issues of minorities are neglected. (3) In Belgium, there is no discrimination between different religions. In Sri Lanka, Buddhism is the official religion. People practicing other religion are discriminated against.

Question. How did the Sri Lankan Tamils express their discontent after the majoritarian measures were adopted by the Sri Lankan government in 1956? Ans.  The ways that the Sri Lankan Tamils used to express their discontent were as follows: (1) Put forward their demands: They launched parties and struggles for the recognition of Tamil as an official language, for regional autonomy and equality of opportunity in securing education and jobs. (2) Formed Political Organisations: By 1980s several political oganisations were formed demanding an independent Tamil state in northern and eastern parts of Sri Lanka. (3) Led Civil War: The distrust between the two communities led to a civil war in which thousands of people of both the communities have been killed, many others took shelter as refugees in other countries and causing terrible set back to the socio-cultural and economic life of the Sri Lanka.

Question. Describe the elements of the Belgian model for accommodating diversities. Ans.  The Belgian model for accommodation of diversities has been explained below: (1) To establish equality, the Belgian Constitution prescribes that the number of Dutch and French-speaking ministers shall be equal in the central government and resolutions shall require the support of each linguistic group to be passed. (2) State governments are not made subordinates to the central government. Their powers are divided. (3) Brussels has a separate government in which both the communities have equal representation. (4) A third kind of government, ‘community government’ (in which different social groups are given the power to handle affairs related to their communities and are expected to work jointly)’ has the power regarding cultural, educational and language related issues.

Question. Compare Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka and Model of Accommodation in Belgium. Ans.  

Chapter 1 Power-sharing

Question. What are the two main forms of power sharing in modern democracies? Ans.  Power can be shared or distributed among various organisations or institutions in two ways: Horizontal and Vertical. (1) Horizontal Distribution of Power Sharing: In this system power is shared among different organs of the governments in which each organ of government, i.e. Judiciary, Legislature and Executive are placed at the same level to exercise different powers in such a way that none of the organ exercise unlimited power. Besides, each organ checks the others which makes a balance of power among various institutions. For example, judiciary checks the functioning of the executive or laws made by legislature. That is why, this system is called a system of checks and balances also. (2) Vertical Distribution of Power Sharing: In this system, power is shared among governments at different levels. For example: Central/Union Government for the entire country at national level, States Governments/Provincial or Regional Governments at state level while Munici-pality and Panchayats at the local level share the power in our country. This division of powers involving higher and lower levels of government is called vertical distribution of power sharing. In India, the Central Government is more powerful than its subordinate governments.

Question. Why is power sharing desirable? Give any three prudential and moral reasons of power sharing? Ans.  Power sharing is necessary in democratic form of government. Prudential and Moral reasons of power sharing are as follows:

Prudential Reasons: (1) It helps to reduce the possibility of conflicts between social groups. For example, seats in legislative assemblies and parliament have been reserved for SCs and STs. (2) Power sharing is good way to ensure political stability (stable government) in the country. (3) Imposing the will of majority community over the minority may undermine the unity of the nation in long run. For example, in civil war between Tamils and Sinhala in Sri Lanka, killed lakhs of people from both the communities.

Moral Reasons: (1) Power sharing is the spirit of democracy. (2) It involves sharing power with those affected by its exercise.

Question. Read the source given below and answer the question that follows: Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in 1948. The leaders of the Sinhala community sought to secure dominance over government by virtue of their majority. As a result, the democratically elected government adopted a series of MAJORITARIAN measures to establish Sinhala supremacy. What do you mean by Majoritarian measures and majoritarianism? Explain with emphasis as to what happened in Sri Lanka. Ans.  The belief that a majority community can dominate multiple minority communities only because it has more number of people and can administer a country according to its own whims and fancies, without considering or respecting the interests of the minority community is called Majoritarianism. Measures to favour the majority are called majoritarian measures. Majoritarianism was practiced in Sri Lanka when a democractically elected government assumed power in the parliament and to please the majority, passed laws supporting Sinhala speakers neglecting the interest of Sri lankan Tamils. Sinhala speakers were preferred in educational and professional institutions above Sri Lankan Tamils. This turned into civil war due to rising conflicts between the two communities.

Long Answer Type Questions

Question. Mention any three different forms of power sharing in modern democracies? Ans.  In modern democracies, power-sharing arrange-ments can take many forms: (1) Among diffferent organs of government:  This type is also known as horizontal distribution of powers. Powers are distributed among Legislature, Executive and Judiciary. They are all placed at the same level and none is given absolute power. (2) Among governments at different levels:  Also known as vertical distribution of powers. Herein the Central or National power of law making, execution and judiciary are divided into their sub-units at state and local level. The Central Unit holds the most power but cannot order state or local units. (3) Among different social groups:  Power may also be shared among different social, religious and linguistic groups. For example, Community Government in Belgium, reservations in jobs, posts for certain caste groups in India. (4) Among political parties, pressure  groups and movements:  Power is shared among various political parties that represent different ideologies and social groups. Interest groups such as those of traders, businessmen also have certain share without actually participating in politics directly.

Question. Explain with examples the accommodative experience of Belgium for peace and harmony. Ans.  The accommodative experience of Belgium for peace and harmony (1) The Path of accommodation adopted in Belgium. (2) Dutch and French speaking ministers got equal in the central govt. (3) Many Powers of the central government have been given to state government. (4) The state Government was not subordinate to the Central Govt. (5) Brussels has a separate Govt. in which both the communities have equal representation. (6) There is a third kind of Govt. called community Govt. elected by the people belonging to Dutch, French and German communities no matter where they live.

Question. Explain the ethnic composition of Sri Lanka. Ans.  The ethnic composition of Sri Lanka: (1) Sri Lanka has a diverse population of about two crore people, almost equal to Haryana. (2) The major social groups are the Sinhalaspeakers (74 per cent) and the Tamilspeakers (18 per cent). (3) Tamils have two sub-groups-Sri Lankan Tamils (13 per cent) and Indian Tamils (5 per cent). (4) Most of the Sinhala-speaking people are Buddhists while most of the Tamils are Hindus or Muslims (5) There are about 7 per cent Christians, who are both Tamils and Sinhala.

Question. ‘The Belgian Model of power sharing was better’. Support this statement with three arguments. Ans.  The Belgian model of power sharing was better because: (1) At the centre, there were both French and Dutch ministers and their number was equal. (2) The centre and the state governments had equal and independent powers. (3) A separate government was elected for the city of Brussels and had equal ministers of both the language speaking groups-French and Dutch. (4) A third government called ‘Community Government’ was elected by Dutch, French and the German speaking people. This government had the power of handling the issues related to their language, culture and education. (5) It helped to avoid civic strife between the two major communities and a possible division of the country on linguistic lines. Later, its capital Brussels was chosen as its headquarters by the countries of European Union.

Case Study Questions Chapter 1 Power-sharing

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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Power Sharing

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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Power Sharing in English and Hindi Medium updated for current academic session 2023-24. The question answers of 10th Political Science chapter 1 is modified and revised as per the new NCERT textbooks published for 2023-24 exams.

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Exatra Questions Class 10 Civics Chapter 1

Why was the minority french speaking community relatively rich and powerful.

In Brussels, the capital of Belgium, the French speaking people are in majority. The power has been into the hands of French people for a longer period and benefitted them for economic development and education. The French speaking population was better read, more qualified and had access to more resources than the native Dutch population. The French were part of an aristocracy of trades man and thus were financially strong.

How do pressure groups and interest groups share power in democracy?

Pressure groups and interest groups share power with the government indirectly. (i) Interest groups such as those of trader’s businessman industrialist’s farmers and industrial workers have a direct share in government power through participation in government committees. (ii) They also bring influence on the decision making process of the govt.

What do we learn from the two stories of Belgium and Sri Lanka?

We learnt following things from the example of Belgium and Sri Lanka: (i) In Belgium the leaders realized that the unity of the country is possible only by respecting the interests of different communities and religious. (ii) Such a realisation resulted in mutually acceptable arrangements for sharing power. It helped to avoid civic strife between two communities and a possible division of the country. (iii) Sri Lankan example shows us that if a majority community wants to force it dominance over others and refused to share power, it can undermine the unity of the country.

The basic principles of power sharing are: (i) Government of different political parties i.e. a coalition Government. (ii) Protection of minority rights. (iii) Decentralisation of power. (iv) To avoid conflicts

1. Give an example of power shared among different social groups? 2. Which community in Belgium is relatively rich and powerful? 3. Which language is spoken by 80 of people in Brussels? 4. Which religion is followed by majority of Sinhala speaking people? 5. Which two main languages are spoken in Belgium? 6. Name any two countries with which Belgium share borders. 7. How many amendments have been made in the constitution of Belgium between 1970 and 1993? 8. Which is the official religion of Sri Lanka? 9. What is the main reason for the killing of thousands of Sri Lanka people and loss of their live hoods? 10. Which language is spoken by the people of Wallonia region of Belgium?

1. The community govt. of Belgium 2. French Speaking 3. French 4. Buddhism 5. Dutch and French 6. France and Luxem 7. Four 8. Buddism 9. Civil war 10. French

Important Questions on Class 10 Civics Chapter 1

The mayor of merchtem, a town near brussels in belgium, has defended a ban on speaking french in the town’s schools. he said that the ban would help all non-dutch speakers integrate in this flemish town. do you think that this measure is in keeping with the spirit of belgium’s power sharing arrangements give your reasons in about 50 words..

This measure is not in keeping with Belgium’s power sharing arrangements. The arrangements seek to maintain peace between the French and Dutch-speaking communities. By banning French, the mayor will cause civil unrest. Both the languages should be made acceptable in the town’s schools. This bilingual education system will be a better way to integrate the people of the town.

State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing with an example from the Indian context.

A prudential reason for power sharing is that it leads to an avoidance of conflict between social groups. Since social conflict often leads to violence and political instability, power sharing is a good way to ensure the stability of political order. In India, seats have been reserved in legislatures for the socially weaker sections keeping in mind this prudential reason for power sharing. A moral reason for power sharing is that it upholds the spirit of democracy. In a truly democratic setup, the citizens too have a stake in governance. In India, the citizens can come together to debate and criticise the policies and decisions of the government. This in turn puts pressure on the government to rethink its policies and reconsider its decisions. This active political participation is in keeping with the moral reason for power sharing.

What are the different forms of power sharing in modern democracies? Give an example of each of these.

Different forms of power sharing in modern democracies: Horizontal division of power: It is the sharing of power among the different organs of government. The division of government into the executive, the legislature and the judiciary is an example of horizontal division of power. In such a power sharing arrangement, different organs of government, placed at the same level, exercise different powers. This separation of powers ensures that no organ exercises unlimited power. Each organ checks the others, thereby putting in place a system of checks and balances. The division of power between the Council of Ministers headed by the Indian Prime Minister, the Parliament of India and the Indian Supreme Court is an example of this kind of power sharing. Vertical division of power: It is the sharing of power among governments at different levels — a general government for the entire country and governments at the provincial or regional level. For example, in India, the Constitution defines the way power is to be shared between the Central or Union government and the various State governments. There are certain matters on which only the Central government can take decisions, while there are others on which only an individual state government has an exclusive right for decision making. Division of power among social groups: Power can also be shared among different groups which differ socially. The system of ‘community government’ in Belgium is an example of this type of power division. This government is elected by people belonging to one language community (Dutch, French and German-speaking), and has the power to take decisions regarding cultural, educational and language related issues. The system of reserved constituencies in India is another example. Division of power between political parties, pressure groups and movements: Political parties are the organisations which aim to control power by contesting elections. In a democracy, citizens have the freedom to choose among the various contenders for power (the different political parties or the different alliances comprising political parties). Such a freedom of choice entails competition among the different parties, which in turn ensures that power does not remain in one hand, and is shared among different political parties representing different ideologies and social groups. Pressure groups and movements also share governmental power, either through participation in governmental committees or by influencing the decision-making process.

Why is power sharing desirable? Explain a three forms of powers sharing in modern democracies with example.

To reduce the possibility of conflicts between different social groups and ensure political stability power sharing is desirable. Different forms of power sharing are as under. Horizontal distribution of power is shared among different organs of government such as Executive, Legislature and Judiciary. Vertical distribution of power. Power can be shared among governments at different levels such as central Govt; state Govt. and Local Govt. Power may also be shared among different social groups. Ex. Religious and linguistic groups, community government in Belgium etc. Power sharing arrangements can also be seen in the way political parties, pressure groups and movements control or influence those in power.

Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Power Sharing

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Case Study Questions Class 10 Civics – Political Parties

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Case study Questions on Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 6  are very important to solve for your exam. Class 10 Social Science Chapter 6 Case Study Questions Class 10 Civics have been prepared for the latest exam pattern. You can check your knowledge by solving case study-based questions for Class 10 Social Science Chapter 6 Political Parties

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In CBSE Class 10 Social Science Paper, Students will have to answer some questions based on  Assertion and Reason . There will be a few questions based on case studies and passage-based as well. In that, a paragraph will be given, and then the MCQ questions based on it will be asked.

Political Parties Case Study Questions With Answers

Here, we have provided case-based/passage-based questions for Class 10 Social Science  Chapter 6 Political Parties

Case Study/Passage-Based Questions

Case Study 1: We can understand the necessity of political parties by imagining a situation without parties. Every candidate in the elections will be independent. So no one will be able to make any promises to the people about any major policy changes. The government may be formed, but its utility will remain ever uncertain. Elected representatives will be accountable to their locality. But no one will be responsible for how the country will be run. We can also think about it by looking at the non-party based elections to the Panchayat in many states. Although the parties do not contest formally, it is generally noticed that the village gets split into more than one faction, each of which puts up a panel of its candidates. Thus it is exactly what the party does. That is the reason we find political parties in almost all countries of the world whether these countries are big or small, old or new, developed or developing.

The rise of political parties is directly linked to the emergence of representative democracies. As we have seen, large societies need representatives of democracy. As societies became large and complex, they also need some agency to gather different views on various issues and to present these to the government.

(i) Why is the existence of a Political Party necessary for democracy? (a) Political Parties help to develop a public opinion. (b) No independent candidate can make any promise to the people. (c) Independent elected representatives are only responsible for their own constituency. (d) Political Parties helps to inculcate insecurity among the people

Answer: (a) Political Parties help to develop a public opinion.

(ii) ‘Political Faction’ means a group of individuals within a political party that share a …………….. . Identify. (a) Balanced view (b) Common political purpose (c) Regional and communal diversities (d) Ideal political structure

Answer: (b) Common political purpose

iii) Consider the following statements about political parties and choose the correct option. I. Political Parties are a necessary condition for democracy. II. PoliticalPartieshelpthegovernmenttomake policies. III. Political Parties justify or oppose the representative governments. Options (a) Only I (b) Both I and II (c) Both II and III (d) All of the above

Answer: d) All of the above

(iv) Which of the following describes representative democracy? (a) It is not a common form of democracy in the modern age. (b) It involves direct participation. (c) It involves indirect participation through elected representatives. (d) It was the most prevalent form of democracy in the Colonial Era

Answer: (c) It involves indirect participation through elected representatives.

(v) Why does a large society need representative democracies? (a) To form a responsible government. (b) To form an ideal form of government. (c) To gather public opinions. (d) To resolve issues of minority communities

Answer: (a) To form a responsible government.

(vi) Why can’t modern democracies exist without political parties? (a) As the utility of government will remain uncertain in nature. (b) Loss of Accountability towards people. (c) State responsibility will lead to national integration. (d) Both (a) and (b)

Answer: (d) Both (a) and (b)

Case Study 2: The chapter “Political Parties” in Class 10 Civics explores the role and significance of political parties in a democratic system. It delves into the functions of political parties, such as contesting elections, forming governments, and representing the interests and aspirations of the people. The chapter discusses the various types of political parties, including national parties, state parties, and regional parties, and their organizational structure. It also highlights the challenges faced by political parties, such as money and muscle power, lack of internal democracy, and the influence of caste, religion, and money in politics. Additionally, the chapter examines the importance of political parties in promoting political awareness, providing a platform for participation, and fostering accountability in governance.

Which chapter in Class 10 Civics focuses on political parties?

a) Chapter 2: Federalism

b) Chapter 4: Gender, Religion, and Caste

c) Chapter 6: Political Parties

d) Chapter 8: Challenges to Democracy

Answer: c) Chapter 6: Political Parties

What are some of the functions of political parties discussed in the chapter?

a) Only contesting elections

b) Only forming governments

c) Only representing the interests of the people

d) Contesting elections, forming governments, and representing the interests of the people

Answer: d) Contesting elections, forming governments, and representing the interests of the people

What are some of the challenges faced by political parties?

a) Internal democracy and transparency

b) Social equality and inclusivity

c) Money and muscle power, lack of internal democracy, and the influence of caste, religion, and money in politics

d) Promoting political awareness and accountability

Answer: c) Money and muscle power, lack of internal democracy, and the influence of caste, religion, and money in politics)

How do political parties contribute to democracy?

a) By suppressing political awareness

b) By limiting participation

c) By promoting political awareness and providing a platform for participation

d) By restricting accountability in governance

Answer: c) By promoting political awareness and providing a platform for participation

Hope the information shed above regarding Case Study and Passage Based Questions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 6 Political Parties with Answers Pdf free download has been useful to an extent. If you have any other queries about the CBSE Class 10 Social Science Political Parties Case Study and Passage-Based Questions with Answers, feel free to comment below so that we can revert back to us at the earliest possible By Team Study Rate

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Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Case Based Questions - Democratic Politics - II

Belgium is a small country in Europe, smaller in area than the state of Haryana. It has borders with France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg. It has a population of a little over one crore, about half the population of Haryana. The ETHNIC composition of this small country is very complex. Of the country’s total population, 59 per cent lives in the Flemish region and speaks Dutch language. Another 40 per cent people live in the Wallonia region and speak French. Remaining one per cent of the Belgians speak German. In the capital city Brussels, 80 per cent people speak French while 20 per cent are Dutch speaking. The minority French-speaking community was relatively rich and powerful. This was resented by the Dutch-speaking community who got the benefit of economic development and education much later. This led to tensions between the Dutchspeaking and French-speaking communities during the 1950s and 1960s. The tension between the two communities was more acute in Brussels. Brussels presented a special problem: the Dutchspeaking people constituted a majority in the country, but a minority in the capital.

Q. Area of Belgium is:

equals to Haryana

greater than Haryana

smaller than Haryana

equals to Europe

Q. Belgium share its border with:

All of the above

Q. Which language speaks on majority level in the country?

None of these

Q. Capital of Belgium:

Netherlands

Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in 1948. The leaders of the Sinhala community sought to secure dominance over government by virtue of their majority. As a result, the democratically elected government adopted a series of MAJORITARIAN measures to establish Sinhala supremacy. In 1956, an Act was passed to recognise Sinhala as the only official language, thus disregarding Tamil. The governments followed preferential policies that favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs. A new constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism. All these government measures coming one after the other, gradually increased the feeling of alienation among the Sri Lankan Tamils. They felt that none of the major political parties led by the Buddhist Sinhala leaders was sensitive to their language and culture. They felt that the constitution and government policies denied them equal political rights, discriminated against them in getting jobs and other opportunities and ignored their interests. As a result, the relations between the Sinhala and Tamil communities strained over time. The Sri Lankan Tamils launched parties and struggles for the recognition of Tamil as an official language, for regional autonomy and equality of opportunity in securing education and jobs. But their demand for more autonomy to provinces populated by the Tamils was repeatedly denied. By 1980s several political organisations were formed demanding an independent Tamil Eelam (state) in northern and eastern parts of Sri Lanka. The distrust between the two communities turned into widespread conflict. It soon turned into a CIVIL WAR. As a result, thousands of people of both the communities were killed. Many families were forced to leave the country as refugees and many more lost their livelihoods.

Q. What is the prudential reason behind Power Sharing?

It gives absolute power to the citizens.

It gives absolute power to the government.

It reduces the possibility of conflict between social groups.

It ensures foreign investments.

Q. The process of dominance over the government by virtue of majority is seen in which country?

The Netherlands

Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in 1948. The leaders of the Sinhala community sought to secure dominance over government by virtue of their majority. As a result, the democratically elected government adopted a series of MAJORITARIAN measures to establish Sinhala supremacy. In 1956, an Act was passed to recognise Sinhala as the only official language, thus disregarding Tamil. The governments followed preferential policies that favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs. A new constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism. All these government measures coming one after the other, gradually increased the feeling of alienation among the Sri Lankan Tamils. They felt that none of the major political parties led by the Buddhist Sinhala leaders was sensitive to their language and culture. They felt that the constitution and government policies denied them equal political rights, discriminated against them in getting jobs and other opportunities and ignored their interests. As a result, the relations between the Sinhala and Tamil communities strained over time. The Sri Lankan Tamils launched parties and struggles for the recognition of Tamil as an official language, for regional autonomy and equality of opportunity in securing education and jobs. But their demand for more autonomy to provinces populated by the Tamils was repeatedly denied. By 1980s several political organisations were formed demanding an independent Tamil Eelam (state) in northern and eastern parts of Sri Lanka. . As a result, thousands of people of both the communities were killed. Many families were forced to leave the country as refugees and many more lost their livelihoods. The distrust between the two communities turned into widespread conflict. It soon turned into a CIVIL WAR. Sri Lanka’s population is comprised of 75 percent Sinhalese and 24 percent Tamil speakers (11% Sri Lankan Tamils, 9% Moors, and 4% Indian Tamils), with smaller communities of Malays, Burghers, and others. The Sri Lankan civil war, which ended in 2009, was triggered in part by the introduction of language policies that created divisions along ethnic and linguistic lines.

Q. The ratio of Sinhala speaking and Tamil speaking in Sri Lanka is:

80:20 is the ratio of Sinhala speaking and Tamil speaking in Sri lanka. Most Tamils living in the south of the country speak Sinhala, but very few Sinhalese speak Tamil, and few of the increasing number of Sinhalese tourists visiting the north are able to converse easily with their fellow Sri Lankans in the north.

Q. Which is the official language of Sri Lanka?

Sinhala and Tamil

The major social groups of Sri Lanka are Sinhalese (major ruling community) and Sri Lankan Tamils (majority group in Northern territories of Sri Lanka). After Independence, Sinhalese followed several majoritarian measures to establish Sinhalese supremacy. Sinhala was recognized as the official language of Sri Lanka in 1956. Now both Sinhala and Tamil are the official language of Sri Lanka.

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CBSE Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Important Questions

CBSE Class 10 Political Science Important Questions is one of the most useful resources to prepare for the board exams. Find the chapter-wise CBSE Class 10 Important Questions in this article. We have compiled here a list of chapter-wise CBSE Class 10 Political Science Important Questions. Students can access these questions for the respective chapters from the links provided in the table below. These questions cover the critical aspects of all the chapters of this subject and are a useful resource for students to revise before the exams. Practising these questions will also boost the student’s confidence and help them score high marks on the Social Science exam.

The CBSE Class 10 Social Science Important Questions, which have been frequently asked in the exams, are provided here. There are 8 chapters in the Political Science textbook. Students can click on the links below to access the CBSE Important Questions for all the chapters.

To practise more CBSE Class 10 Important Questions or explore other topics, students can stay tuned to BYJU’S. Additionally, we offer useful resources and study materials on BYJU’S App. Download the App today to secure more marks in Class 10 Social Science of CBSE.

Other resources that the students can use to prepare for the board exams include the CBSE Class 10 History Important Questions, Previous Year Papers, CBSE Sample Papers , CBSE Class 10 Geography Important Questions and so on. Keep learning and stay tuned for the latest update on CBSE/ICSE/State Board/Competitive Exams.

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  4. CLASS 10 CIVICS Chapter 1 POWER SHARING IMPORTANT 3, 4, 5 Marker

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COMMENTS

  1. Class 10 Social Science Case Study Questions

    Students in Class 10 Social Science must be looking for some samples of case study questions in order to improve their grades. myCBSEguide has collected a variety of case study questions for Class 10 Social Science that will undoubtedly assist all students studying the subject.

  2. NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Civics Chapter 1 Power Sharing

    Q.1. What are the different forms of power-sharing in modern democracies? Give an example of each of these. Ans. In modern democracies, the different forms of power sharing are given below with an example of each : (1) Power sharing among different organs of government such as the legislature, executive and judiciary.

  3. CBSE Class 10 Social Science Case Study Questions with Answers for Term

    1. Read the following passage and answer the following questions In the countryside, rich peasant communities - like the Patidars of Gujarat and the Jats of Uttar Pradesh - were active in the...

  4. Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers Power Sharing

    Answer: The leaders of the Sinhala community adopted the principle of majoritarianism to establish their supremacy. Class 10 Civics Ch 1 Extra Questions Question 7. Where are Sri-Lankan Tamils concentrated in Sri Lanka?

  5. NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Social Science

    Answer. There are different forms of power-sharing in modern democracies. They are given below: Horizontal distribution of power - Power is shared among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary. Example: India

  6. Power Sharing Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Extra Questions ...

    1.What do you mean by the word ethnic? Answer: A social division based on shared culture. People belonging to the same ethnic group believe in their common descent because of similarities of physical type or of culture or both. 2.Which ethnic group in Belgium has the largest population? Answer: Flemish.

  7. NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Civics Social Science Chapter 1 : Power

    In a nutshell, we have provided you with a short and detailed summary of the Class 10th civics Chapter 1 Power Sharing and the ncert solutions, multiple-choice questions, case study, and value-based questions to help the students understand the latest assessment pattern and prepare for their examinations.

  8. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Power Sharing

    At the starting of the chapter, there are two stories from Belgium and Sri Lanka. Both these stories tell us how democracies handle demands for power-sharing. The stories yield some general conclusions about the need for power-sharing in democracy. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 Power Sharing are provided here.

  9. Chapter 1: Power-Sharing

    The solutions to the exercises in the Civics textbook, Democratic Politics-II, are included in NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 - Power-sharing. Students will mostly encounter power sharing class 10 question answers in this chapter that deal with the vertical distribution of power among various levels of government.

  10. CBSE Class 10 Civics Case Study Questions

    Civics Chapters for Case Study Questions. Power Sharing. Federalism. Political Parties. Outcomes of Democracy. TopperLearning provides a complete collection of case studies for CBSE Class 10 Civics students. Improve your understanding of biological concepts and develop problem-solving skills with expert advice.

  11. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Chapter 1

    In chapter 1 Civics Class 10, there are many different kinds of sharing of power in the democracies which are modern. The questions in vedantu can answer these. The horizontal dividing of the power is all about the power-sharing among the organs of the government and as an example, it can be said that sharing is done by that of the Judiciary ...

  12. Case Study Questions Chapter 1 Power-sharing

    Answer (iii) What is the meaning of coalition? (a) one party (b) oppose (c) alliance (d) multi party Answer (iv) None-sharing of power leads to (a) peace among all the communities

  13. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Power Sharing

    on September 3, 2023, 4:30 AM. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Power Sharing in English and Hindi Medium updated for current academic session 2023-24. The question answers of 10th Political Science chapter 1 is modified and revised as per the new NCERT textbooks published for 2023-24 exams.

  14. CBSE Notes Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 1

    CBSE Notes Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 1 - Power Sharing. In Class 9, you have studied that in a democracy, all power does not rest with any one organ of the government. An intelligent sharing of power among the legislature, executive and judiciary is very important for the design of democracy.

  15. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Ch 1 Power Sharing Civics

    Chapter 1 Power Sharing NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics will be useful in knowing the useful points given in the chapter. This chapter contains many important topics such as accommodation in Belgium, majoritarianism in Sri Lanka, why power sharing is desirable, forms of power-sharing such as among different organs of government, among governments at different levels, among different social ...

  16. Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Case Based Questions

    Full syllabus notes, lecture and questions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Case Based Questions - Democratic Politics - II - Class 10 - Plus excerises question with solution to help you revise complete syllabus for Social Studies ... Students of Class 10 can study Case Based Questions: Political Parties alongwith tests & analysis from the EduRev ...

  17. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 1 Power

    Answer: Two different sets of reasons can be given in favour of power sharing. 1. Prudential reason: Power sharing reduces the possibility of conflict between social groups. Social conflicts often lead to violence and political instability, so power sharing ensures the stability of political order.

  18. CBSE Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Chapter 1 Power-sharing

    Chapter 1 of CBSE Class 10 Political Science discusses the tour of democracy and the idea of power-sharing. CBSE Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Power-sharing Important Questions cover these topics and are the best resource for the students to revise the chapter. Some of these questions may be asked in the Social Science Class 10 board exam.

  19. Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Case Based Questions

    Q1: Question for Case Based Questions: Outcomes of Democracy Try yourself: Read the given extract and answer the questions that follows: In a democracy, we are most concerned with ensuring that people will have the right to choose their rulers and people will have control over the rulers.

  20. Case Study Questions Class 10 Civics

    (i) Why is the existence of a Political Party necessary for democracy? (a) Political Parties help to develop a public opinion. (b) No independent candidate can make any promise to the people. (c) Independent elected representatives are only responsible for their own constituency. (d) Political Parties helps to inculcate insecurity among the people

  21. Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Case Based Questions

    Full syllabus notes, lecture and questions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Case Based Questions - Democratic Politics - II - Class 10 - Plus excerises question with solution to help you revise complete syllabus for Social Studies ... Students of Class 10 can study Case Based Questions: Federalism alongwith tests & analysis from the EduRev app ...

  22. Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Case Based Questions

    Full syllabus notes, lecture and questions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Case Based Questions - Democratic Politics - II - Class 10 - Plus excerises question with solution to help you revise complete syllabus for Social Studies ... Students of Class 10 can study Case Based Questions: Power Sharing alongwith tests & analysis from the EduRev app ...

  23. CBSE Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Important Questions

    CBSE Class 10 Political Science (Civics) Important Questions CBSE Class 10 Political Science Important Questions is one of the most useful resources to prepare for the board exams. Find the chapter-wise CBSE Class 10 Important Questions in this article.