The Indian Agriculture Sector

Agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy. It accounts for nearly 20 percent of the aggregate output. To be specific, nearly half of the population depends on agriculture for their livelihood (Government of India, 2010, p. 6). Contribution of the agricultural sector to the economy is declining, however other sectors thrive.

For example, approximately 45 percent of the total output was obtained from the agricultural sector in the early 70s,. The figure has dropped to less than 20 percent in the last decade. Nonetheless, agriculture still remains a significant source of employment for many Indians. It provides jobs to over half of the country’s population (Government of India, 2010, p. 12).

The dwindling agricultural production has led to a decrease in agricultural exports and an increase in agricultural imports. The ratio of agricultural exports to the total exports dropped to 10 percent in 2010 compared to 20 percent in the early ’90s. On the other hand, the ratio of agricultural imports to the aggregate imports grew by approximately 6.6 percent in the last three decades (Government of India, 2010, p. 13).

The decrease in agricultural production and the increase in agricultural imports have been a cause of major concern. Hot debates didn’t provide any solution to the problem, as well as small reforms. situation deteriorated which led to introduction of the next five-year plan.

As a result, the government came up with a five-year plan, which solely targets the agricultural sector. The five-year plan is aimed at reversing the disturbing trend in the sector.

The five-year plan puts emphasis on the country’s self-sufficiency and self-reliance in the food production (Vaidyanathan, 2010, p. 9; Government of India, 2013, p. 5). This paper explores the impact of the 11 th five-year plan on India’s agricultural sector, particularly in promoting local food production and economy stability.

11TH Five Year Plans (2007-2011)

As the country’s population keeps growing, the nation needed to enhance its food production to take care of the ever-increasing demand. Given the significance of the agricultural sector to the economy, the government introduced the 11 th five-year plan to provide support and incentives to farmers and other stakeholders in order to enhance production of food (Government of India, 2013, p. 5).

There are four principal elements of this policy. The first element is enhancement of viability of agricultural operations by increasing market access, availing insurance cover, and monitoring agricultural commodity prices (IBEF, 2013, p. 7).

The second element is provision of suitable technologies through research and training. The third element is increase of budgetary allocation for agriculture and its infrastructure so as to improve efficient use of natural resources and of agricultural commodity markets functioning.

Last but not least is provision of better delivery of services, for instance, loans to farmers, veterinary services and general farm inputs. In a nutshell, the 11 th five-year plan was aimed at increasing food production by providing special programs and building agricultural infrastructure (IBEF, 2013, p. 7).

The Impact of the 11 th Five-Year Plan on the economy and local food production

Figure 1 below shows India’s GDP growth rate over the last ten years. It is clear that between 1997 and 2007 the real agricultural output was decreasing, whereas the non-agricultural output was increasing. The ratio of agricultural GDP to the total GDP was very low during that period. This forced the government to reconsider its policy on food production, hence to introduce the 11 th five-year plan (Central Statistics Office, 2011, p. 44).

The 11 th five-year program introduced the National Food Security Mission (NFSM), which significantly increased production of cereals in the country. The principal goal of the National Food Security Mission was to establish scientific elements which incorporate mechanization, soil supplements and crop security measures (Government of India, 2013, p. 6).

The 11 th five-year plan helped to attain 3.2 percent agricultural GDP growth. Even though the figure was below the projected value of 4 percent, it was significantly better than the figures under the previous policies (Central Statistics Office, 2011, p. 45).

Figure 1: Agriculture and Non-Agriculture GDP Growth Rate in India in the Last Decade

Agriculture and Non-Agriculture GDP Growth Rate in India in the Last Decade

Source: (Central Statistics Office, 2011)

Before the introduction of the 11 th five-year plan, the share of acreage of agricultural lands decreased by approximately 20 million hectares. Similarly, the area under food grains shrank by 10 percent. The lowest production was recorded in 2008.

However, the introduction of new technologies under the 11 th five-year plan led to 80 percent increase in acreage of agricultural lands. The production of rice, wheat and maize increased significantly, followed by pulses on the second place. Under the 11 th five-year plan, food grain output increased by 2.3 percent (Central Statistics Office, 2011, p. 45).

Generally, Indian agribusiness is characterized by diminutive and divided area holdings. There are around 130 million active holdings in the country. On average, each active holding possesses approximately 1.2 hectares. Less than 1 percent own more than 10 hectares (Sharma, 2011, p. 6). Before the introduction of the 11 th five-year plan, the overall productivity among the smallholder producers was exceedingly low.

Their participation in the market was poor because of such reasons as high transaction costs, low yields, inadequate information and small market consumption. In addition, increased land fragmentation led to big losses on farmlands. As a result, many farmers opted to lease their lands or seek gainful employment outside the agricultural sector (IBEF, 2013, p. 5).

The introduction of the 11 th five-year plan brought some positive results. The 11 th five-year plan supported the formation of cooperatives and self-help groups. The cooperatives and self-help groups not only helped farmers to access credit facilities, but also to market their products. The government increased access to loan facilities by providing interest-free loans and subsidized inputs.

For this reason, many Indians went back to farming (IBEF, 2013, p. 6). By the end of 2012, cultivation areas had increased by 8 million hectares. The government also introduced other support programs through the 11 th five-year plan, such as water for canal irrigation, power for groundwater pumping, retention price subsidy scheme for fertilizers, and access to the international market (IBEF, 2013, p. 7).

According to the IBEF (2013, p. 7), the main objective of the 11 th five-year plan was to increase the production of food grains by 20 million tons. The government allocated roughly 900 million U.S. dollars for the project.

There are four main achievements of the 11th five-year plan for the first year according to the National Food Security Mission (NFSM). The first achievement was a 70 million tons to over 90 million tons increase of wheat production.

The second achievement was a 90 million tons to over 110 million tons increase of rice production. The third achievement was an 80 million tons to over 100 million tons increase of maize production. And the last was a 13 million tons to over 15 million tons increase of pulse production (IBEF, 2013, p. 7).

Figure 2 below highlights the growth rate of land, labor and capital output based on the agricultural GDP index. Even though the productivity growth rate in the agricultural sector has always been low, averaging 2 percent per year, during the 11 th five-year plan it reached 5 percent. This was the highest figure recorded in the country’s history.

The closest was 3 percent, which was recorded in 1981. As a matter of fact, the Commission of Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) estimated the growth rate of real wages in the agricultural sector at 8 percent per annum during the period (Government of India, 2013, p. 9).

Figure 2: Growth Rate of Land, Labor and Capital Output

Source: (Government of India, 2013, p. 9)

The introduction of the scientific elements, for instance, labor saving mechanization led to the rapid increase of private investment in the agricultural sector. This is attributed to the country’s rigid labor laws and the ever-increasing wages (Shiva, 2013, p. 2).

Although mechanization helped farmers to deal with labor challenges, it caused a sharp decline in capital productivity. Even though moderated by gains from trade deals and debt cancellation, long-term investment in the agricultural sector may be unsustainable due to deteriorating capital productivity (Shiva, 2013, p. 3).

The 12 th five-year plan (2012-2017), which is basically a continuation of the 11 th five-year plan also emphasizes increase of food grains production. The two plans (11 th and 12 th five-year plans) recognize the fact that self-sufficiency in food production can only be attained by increasing the production of staple foods. In India, food security is inextricably linked to food grains.

Therefore, the debates on food shortages are concentrated on rice, wheat, maize and pulses (Sharma & Dinesh, 2011, p. 30). 12th five-year plan is also expected to produce high results and solve a lot of food problems in India.

The 11 th five-year plan helped substantially to make India a food sufficient country, despite the rapid growth of population. In other words, India is currently food secure due to the 11 th five-year plan (IBEF, 2013, p. 9).

Agriculture in India is both a source of food and livelihood. In addition, the sector is very important to the country’s economy. However, the period between 1997 and 2007 was characterized by low agricultural productivity and high levels of food shortage. This forced the Indian government to spend a large amount of money on food import.

On the other hand, the ratio of agricultural imports to the aggregate imports grew by approximately 6.6 percent in the last three decades regardless of the initiated key reforms in the agricultural sector. However, the reform programs were ineffective.

This led to the introduction of the 11 th five-year plan, which was aimed at making India a food-secure country through the production of food grains. The plan significantly helped reverse the situation. As a matter of fact, the 12 th five-year plan, which runs up to 2017, is just a continuation of the 11 th five-year plan. The 12 th five-year plan also aims at increasing the production of food grains, which are staples in India.

Central Statistics Office 2011, Revised Estimates of Annual National Income 2010-11 and Quarterly Estimates of Gross Domestic Product, 2010-11 , Central Statistics Office, New Delhi.

Government of India 2010, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2010 . Web.

Government of India 2013, Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-2017): Economic Sectors , Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, New Delhi.

IBEF 2013, The Indian Agriculture Sector: Investments, Growth and Prospects , India Brand Equity Foundation, New Delhi.

Sharma, VP & Dinesh, J 2011, High Value Agriculture in India: past Trends and Future Prospects. Web.

Sharma, VP 2011, India’s Agricultural Development under the New Economic Regime: Policy Perspective and Strategy for the 12 th Five Year Plan , Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad.

Shiva, V 2013, Agricultural Sector in India . Web.

Vaidyanathan, A 2010, Agriculture Growth in India: Role of Technology, Incentives and Institutions , Oxford University Press, New York.

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IvyPanda. (2023, November 22). The Indian Agriculture Sector.

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IvyPanda . (2023) 'The Indian Agriculture Sector'. 22 November.

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IvyPanda . "The Indian Agriculture Sector." November 22, 2023.

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  • Essay On Agriculture

Essay on Agriculture

500+ words essay on agriculture.

In India, agriculture is considered a primary livelihood for most of the population, which can never be underestimated. Agriculture has existed for thousands of years in our country and has developed with new technologies and equipment that have replaced traditional farming methods. In India, few farmers still use the traditional farming method because they lack the resources to use modern techniques. Agriculture is the only sector that contributes to itself and other country sectors. India is the second-largest wheat, rice, cotton, fruit, vegetables, and tea producer. It is also a global powerhouse of agricultural production. It is the world’s largest producer of spices, milk, wheat, rice and cotton.

Role of Agricultural in Economic Development

The population of India largely depends on agriculture, and it is not only just a means of livelihood but a way of living. The Government of India is continuously developing the agricultural sector by framing new laws, implementing modern technology, etc. In India, the entire nation depends on agriculture for food. In earlier times, agriculture was mainly dependent on the monsoon, but dams, canals, pump sets, and tube wells are now being constructed.

Agriculture plays a crucial role in the economic development of India as 3/4th of the population is based on agriculture. It is one of the largest sources of livelihood for the country. The country was dependent on agriculture for a thousand years.

The agricultural sector also benefits the industries in getting their raw materials, which clearly states that a large part of the economy will freeze without a flourishing agriculture sector. It leads to the expansion of the industrial sector. Indian agriculture provides employment opportunities to most people, and 70% of the population, especially in rural areas, earn their livelihood from cultivation.

In India, agriculture plays an imperative role in enhancing foreign exchange. To other nations, India exports commodities such as coffee, spices, tea, vegetables, tobacco, etc. Agriculture contributes to Indian exports. With the invention of organic farming, exports have also increased in the last few decades.

Agriculture is the Indian economy’s most important sector, and India’s farm sector is the largest industry. With constant changes and developments happening and introduced policies, it will only go upwards. It will always remain a significant factor in the nation’s economic growth.

An essay on Agriculture is crucial that can be asked during the exam. Students can also access CBSE Essays from our BYJU’S website.

Frequently Asked Questions on Agriculture Essay

Where was agriculture originally developed.

Agriculture was developed in modern-day Iraq, Jordan, Palestine, Israel, parts of Turkey and Iran which was also known as the Fertile Crescent.

What are the main types of agriculture?

The four main types of agricultural activities include livestock production, crop production, agricultural economics and agricultural engineering.

What are agricultural methods which are famous in India?

The majority of Indian farmers practice subsistence farming which involves the cultivation of crops on small pieces of land.

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Agriculture in India Essay

In this Agriculture in India Essay , we had described agriculture in India today, future & importance of agriculture in India & much more.

Agriculture primarily means growing crops and animal husbandry .

Although farming nowadays is considered limited to the production of crops, but it is a much larger area includes animal husbandry, milk production, etc.

In this article  Essay on Agriculture in India , we had provided the various essays in different word limits, which you can use as per your need:

Agriculture in India Essay 200 words:

Before the discovery of agriculture, a man wandered in various places in search of food.

When they started farming, they stop wandered for food, it became possible to build society and civilization in one place.

Cultivation has started in West Asia, where our ancestors began growing wheat and barley as well as raising animals like sheep, goat, cow, and buffalo.

Humans started farming in 7500 B.C., and 3000 B.C. was the time when agriculture expanded rapidly to Egypt and then to Indus civilization.

In this civilization, the centre of agricultural expansion from Mohenjodaro to the Harappa region.

The importance of agriculture increased during the Vedic period.

At the same time, agriculture practised with modern tools, and after this, trees were prominent in Buddha’s time, which provided a boost to agriculture.

After this, the technique of irrigation was discovered, which enabled more people to practice agriculture.

Habitant no longer necessary to live on the banks of the river for agriculture; crops like rice and sugarcane etc. were sown.

After this period, commercial crops like cotton and indigo were grown in the British era, which led to a significant change in agriculture.

In India, instead of food crops, the emphasis was on growing commercial plants, which led to a food crisis in India at the time of independence.

However, soon there was a Green Revolution in India, due to which it became self-sufficient in terms of food grains as well they started exporting to other countries.

Agriculture in India Essay 400 words:

Seventy per cent of the total population of India still depends on agriculture, and with the deteriorating conditions, farmers are going below the poverty line.

Presently India’s public population is 135 crores; with the increase in the community, agriculture will also have to progress to meet its food demand.

For this, humans will have to use techniques that do not pollute the environment so that the land remains fertile and gives higher yields, otherwise India may face a food crisis shortly.

Importance of Agriculture in Indian Economy:

Agriculture has been vital in India since ancient times. Here raw material is obtained from agriculture for all primary industries like cotton, sugarcane, etc.

Apart from this, many other industries indirectly depend on agriculture, such as rice mills, oil mills, etc. which require raw materials.

However, despite increasing industrialization, employment in the agriculture sector is not decreasing, there are new opportunities.

As more advanced technologies come, there are possibilities of more opportunities.

Role of Agriculture in the field of International Trade:

India mainly exports spices, oilseeds, tobacco, and tea, etc. in the world.

About 50 per cent of the total products shipped by India are agricultural related.

Although the country’s economy contributed by the products exported from India, sometimes due to some reasons like excessive taxes, etc., have to be reduced.

Although not all countries have the same taxes in developed countries, there are more.

These countries do not want to increase competition in this area and promote the industries of their country, which makes the exported products expensive. Also, read Agriculture in India Essay 400 words.

Role of Agriculture in Economic Planning:

Various industries are allied to the agricultural sector, i.e., the Department of Transport is an essential part of the Department of Agriculture because transportation plays a role in moving agrarian produce from one place to another or from one country to another.

In this way, agriculture also supports other industries; therefore, it proves that agriculture is the backbone of the Indian economy.

If India wants to improve its economy, the agriculture sector must be updated only, and then the Indian economy will prosper.

Essay on Agriculture in India 500 words:

The agriculture sector employs the most people in India; it is not limited to farming, but also includes animal husbandry.

Agriculture plays a vital role in India’s economy and also in other industries.

Extension of the agricultural sector:

India is a country whose 70 per cent population is dependent on agriculture.

The development of the agricultural sector is the most important for the development of India, and the government is making a lot of effort & it is rapidly expanding and developing.

Earlier, India was not able to produce to satisfy its population but also imported from other countries.

Agriculture was based mainly on the monsoon, but since the Green Revolution, it produces enough food for its people, but now it has also been able to export food grains.

After independence, the government decided to make several significant changes in this area.

Dams built for irrigation, and various schemes introduce for the farmers; however, the agricultural sector still needs to grow.

In the Green Revolution, wide yielding varieties, as well as new irrigation techniques, were introduced.

With time, now farmers do not worry about rain, and even if there is no rain, the crops get adequate water and yield better. Also, read Agriculture in India Essay Conclusion.

Negative impact on the agricultural environment:

Agriculture has helped the humans in the development of civilization in ancient times, nowadays in this new era when the hazardous chemical is used for higher yields; it is causing many adverse effects on the environment which are as follows:

The use of fertilizer causes soil contamination, which makes it less fertile, and at the same time, these chemicals go into the human body and cause side effects.

With an increasing population, more deforestation is done for more food, which is negatively impacting the environment.

Excessive use of river water is threatening the lives of animals living in the river as the water is getting depleted.

In this way, agriculture has also affected the environment, and we have to find ways to eliminate these effects soon.

Global Agriculture:

Today, although countries are growing at a rapid speed, there is still widespread poverty in many developing countries, which remains a food crisis.

Although new technologies are coming up every day in the agricultural sector, due to pollution, the land is getting degraded, and it is becoming less fertile.

Land pollution is increasing very fast, and millions of farmers and people living in rural areas are getting affected every year.

Foodgrains are being grown in 73 per cent of the total cultivable land in the world, but it is only able to meet 74 per cent of the people’s needs, so we need to find advanced and non-polluting technologies.

Also read: 1. Make in India Essay 2. Deforestation Essay 3. Environment Essay


Although agriculture is vital for the economy in our country, we also have to take care of our environment.

Therefore, to reduce or eliminate all the adverse effects caused by agriculture, new advanced technologies have to be discovered to save our environment.

At the same time, the demand for a growing population can be met.

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Essay on Agriculture and It’s Significance

write a reflective essay on indian agriculture

Agriculture is the main occupation in India. Two-third of population is dependent on agriculture directly or indirectly.

It is not merely a source of livelihood but a way of life. It is the main source of food, fodder and fuel. It is the basic foundation of economic development.

Agriculture provides highest contribution to national income.

“Agriculture needed top most priority because the Govt. and the nation would both fail to succeed if agriculture could not be successful”

Literally speaking agriculture means the production of crops and live stock on a farm. Generally speaking, agriculture is cultivation of crops. In Economics, agriculture means cultivation of crops along with animal husbandry, poultry, dairy farming, fishing and even forestry.


Agriculture is the back bone of our economy. Agriculture is important not only from economic point of view but has deep rooted influence on our social, political and cultural life. In the words of Jawahar Lal Nehru, “Agriculture needed top most priority because the Govt. and the nation would both fail to succeed if agriculture could not be successful”

The following points explain the significance of agriculture:

(i) Contribution to National Income:

Contribution to national income from agriculture, forests and other primary activities is 24%. In 1950-51 contribution of agricultural sector to national income was 59% and in 2004-05, it came down to 24.4%. Contribution of agricultural sector in national income is considerable. In rich countries the agriculture is quite developed but contribution is very little. In USA agriculture contributes only 2%. In under-developed countries like India, contribution of agriculture is national income was 27%.

(ii) Main source of Food:

Agriculture provides food for Nation. Before 1947, we had acute food shortage but after 1969 Green Revolution in agriculture has made us self sufficient in food production. In 2003-04, production of rice was 870 lakh metric tonnes and of wheat 721 lakh metric tonnes.

(iii) Agriculture and Industrial development:

For industrial development, agriculture plays active role. It provides essential raw materials to many industries like cotton textiles, jute, sugar, vegetables, oil, tinned food, Cigarettes and rubber etc.

(iv) Sources of Revenue:

Land revenue, excise duty on agro-based goods, taxes on production and sale of agricultural machinery forms a goods part of sources of Govt. Revenue.

(v) Source of Foreign trade:

Foreign trade is associated with agriculture. We export tea, tobacco, spices and coffee etc. Other agricultural exports include cotton, textiles, jute goods and sugar etc. So total share of agricultural exports becomes 70%.

(vi) Transport:

Means of transport are required for transporting food grains from farms to consumers and agricultural raw materials to markets and factories. Transport is also needed for taking chemical fertilizers, seeds, diesel and agricultural equipment from markets and factories to villages and farms.

(vii) Source of saving:

Green revolution has increased the production manifold and farmers become rich. The additional income earned by these farmers can be saved and invested in Banks.

(viii) Capital formation:

Agriculture also helps in capital formation. Surplus income from agriculture production can be invested in other sources like banks, shares etc. Use of tractors and harvesters increase capital formation.

(ix) International importance:

India ranks top position in production of groundnuts and sugarcane. It has second position in production of rice and staple cotton. It has third position in production of tobacco. Our agricultural universities are working as role model for other developing nations.

(x) Way of life:

Agriculture in India is not only a source of livelihood but has become a way life. Our fairs, festivals and customs are influenced by agriculture. In politics; too, agricultural community has say.

(xi) Effect on prices:

Sufficient production of food grains will bring stability in prices of food grains. This brings stability in cost of living and wages also. Agriculture influences the price level. So increased production of agriculture keeps the price stable.

(xii) Source of labour supply:

Agriculture is the main occupation in India. Majority of people live in villages. So labour force in various sectors like police, defence and industries is provided by villages disguised unemployment present in agricultural sector can be used as source of supply for other sectors.

(xiii) Economic development:

India is agricultural state. 71% people live in villages and most of these depend on agriculture. So development of agriculture gives boost is economy. Progress of industry, trade and transport is impossible without progress of agriculture. Stability of prices also depends on agriculture growth.

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Essay on Agriculture in India (Its History, Advantages, and Adverse-effects)

Essay on Agriculture in India (Its History, Advantages, and Adverse-effects)

In this article, we have published an essay on agriculture in India. Here you will also read about its history, advantages, and adverse-effects for us.

Table of Contents


Agriculture is one of the key segments of the Indian economy. It has been in the country for thousands of years. It has evolved over the years, and the use of new techniques and equipment has replaced almost all traditional farming methods.

Also, in India , some small farmers still use old conventional farming methods because they do not have the resources to use modern techniques. Furthermore, it is the only region that has contributed not only to its development but also to the rest of the country.

Development of the Indian agricultural sector

India is very dependent on agriculture. Further, agriculture is not a means of livelihood but a way of life in India. Also, the Government is continually making efforts to develop the area as the entire country depends on agriculture for food.

For thousands of years, we have been practising agriculture, but still, it has not evolved for a long time. Also, after independence , we import food grains from other countries to meet our demand. But, after the Green Revolution, we became self-sufficient and began to export our surplus to other countries.

Also, as before, we rely almost entirely on monsoon for the cultivation of food grains, but now we have built dams, canals, tubing wells, and pump-sets. Besides, we now have good fertilizers, pesticides, and seeds that help us grow more food than we have in the past.

As technology evolves, we get –

  • Better equipment,
  • Better irrigation facilities and
  • Specialized farming technologies are beginning to improve.

Also, our agricultural sector has grown stronger than in many countries, and we are the largest exporter of many food grains.

History of Indian Agriculture after Independence

After independence, Indian made immense progress in food security programs. The population of Indian has tripled, and so has the food grain production. Indian had to rely on imports before 1960 to meet the domestic requirements.

However, after the severe drought in 1965 and 1966, India was convinced to reform its agriculture policy, which ushered India into the Green Revolution. The Green Revolution led to making Punjab the country’s breadbasket. Initially, states like Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab saw an increase in production as the program was concentrated on the irrigated areas of the states. The government officials and farmers worked together and focused on productivity and transfer of knowledge.

The Green Revolution program increase production, which ensured India become self-sufficient. By 2000 Indian farmers adopted varieties that yielded six tons of wheat per hectare. Dams were built and are used for developing the irrigation projects, which has also provided the source of clean drinking water.

The minimum support price guarantee given by the Government for crops like sugarcane and rice has led to the encouragement of groundwater mining, which has led to groundwater depletion.

The importance of agriculture in India

It is not inappropriate to say that the food we eat is the gift of agricultural activity and that it is the Indian farmers who sweat to provide us with this food.

  • Agriculture is a significant contributor to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) and national income.
  • It requires a large workforce and workforce, which is 80% of all employees. The agricultural sector is not only direct but also indirectly employees.
  • 70% of all our exports are agriculture.
  • The primary export commodities are tea, cotton, textiles, tobacco, sugar, jute products, spices, rice, and many other goods.

Adverse effects of agriculture

1. climate change and greenhouse gas emission.

Many natural and man-made systems affect global energy balance and changes in the Earth’s atmosphere. Greenhouse gases are one such approach. Greenhouse gases absorb and release some of the energy emitted from the Earth’s surface, retaining heat in the lower atmosphere.

2. Deforestation

Deforestation means that the trees are permanently removed from the forest to provide space for them. This may include clearing land for agriculture or grazing or using timber for fuel, construction, or construction.

3. Genetic engineering

The use of genetic engineering and the concept of genetically modified crops have brought many benefits to the agricultural world. By making crops resistant to diseases and pests, fewer chemical pesticides need to be used to combat diseases and pests.

4. Freshwater supplies and irrigated water

The most frequent sources of water for irrigation are rivers, reservoirs and lakes, and groundwater. The use of controlled water to the plants at intervals requiring irrigation helps to increase agricultural crops, landslides, and reforestation of disturbed soils in dry areas and low rainfall during the average rainfall.

5. Pollution and contamination

Pollution means that the substance must not be above the background or concentrated. Pollution can lead to adverse biological effects on habitats. Some farmers in India burn their paddy fields after cutting rice. Due to which most of the nearest towns and cities face air pollution.

6. Soil degradation and land use issues

Loss of fertile land increases the impact of soil erosion. This has increased pollution and sedimentation in rivers and streams, causing fish and other species of erosion by blocking these waterways. And even degraded lands can often hold water, leading to flooding.

7. General waste

Agricultural waste is the waste generated by various agricultural activities. This includes compost and other waste from farms, hens houses, and slaughterhouses; crop litter; fertilizer part- away from the fields; Pesticides that enter the water, air or soil; and salt and silt from the fields.

Due to the local infrastructure, local resources, soil quality, micro-climates, each state yields different agriculture productivity. There is a high scope to increase the productivity of the Indian farmers by improving the irrigation infrastructure, cold storage, hygienic food packaging, etc. so that the local farmers can improve their output and income.

The Government over the years has announced many reforms to help the farmers to increase their yield with low input cost and high output income. Recently the Government has announced to double the farmer’s income by 2022. Ecommerce is also one of the ways through which farmers are trying to increase their revenue and to cater to their product’s broader market.

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Essay on Agriculture in India

Students are often asked to write an essay on Agriculture in India in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Agriculture in India


Agriculture in India is a significant part of its economy, providing employment to millions. It includes growing crops, raising livestock, and producing goods like wool, eggs, and milk.

Major Crops

Rice, wheat, and pulses are the main crops. India is the world’s largest producer of spices and the second-largest producer of rice and wheat.

Role in Economy

Agriculture contributes significantly to India’s GDP and provides raw materials for many industries. It also plays a crucial role in food security.

Despite its importance, Indian agriculture faces issues like low productivity, lack of modern technology, and climate change impacts.

Though facing challenges, agriculture remains a vital part of India’s economy and culture. Efforts are being made to modernize it and make it sustainable.

250 Words Essay on Agriculture in India

Historical overview.

Agriculture in India dates back to the Indus Valley Civilization era. Over millennia, it has evolved, shaping the country’s economy, society, and culture. Today, India’s agricultural sector employs over 50% of the nation’s workforce, highlighting its significance.

Modern Agriculture

In the modern era, Indian agriculture has witnessed a substantial transformation. The advent of Green Revolution in the 1960s, characterized by the introduction of high-yielding variety (HYV) seeds, fertilizers, and irrigation facilities, revolutionized the sector. This led to a significant increase in the production of major crops such as wheat and rice.

Challenges and Opportunities

Despite its strides, the sector faces numerous challenges. These include dependency on unpredictable monsoon rains, small landholding sizes, outdated farming practices, and lack of access to credit and modern technology. However, these challenges also present opportunities for growth and innovation.

The future of Indian agriculture lies in sustainable and technology-driven practices. Precision agriculture, using AI and IoT, can optimize inputs and increase crop yield. Moreover, the government’s focus on doubling farmers’ income by 2022 can act as a catalyst for the adoption of modern farming techniques.

In conclusion, agriculture in India, with its rich history and potential for growth, remains a vital sector. By overcoming challenges and embracing technology, it can ensure food security and contribute significantly to the nation’s economic growth.

500 Words Essay on Agriculture in India

Agriculture is the backbone of the Indian economy, contributing significantly to the country’s GDP and providing employment to over half of the population. India’s diverse climate and topography have made it possible to cultivate a variety of crops, making it one of the world’s largest agricultural producers.

The Significance of Agriculture in India

India’s agriculture sector plays a pivotal role in its socio-economic fabric. It is not only the largest employment sector but also a significant contributor to the national GDP. The sector is instrumental in achieving food security, providing raw materials for various industries, and contributing to export earnings.

Types of Crops Cultivated

India’s climate diversity allows for the cultivation of a wide range of crops. The country is a leading producer of staples like wheat and rice. Other major crops include pulses, oilseeds, sugarcane, cotton, jute, and tea. India also has a thriving horticulture sector, producing fruits, vegetables, and spices in abundance.

Challenges in Indian Agriculture

Despite its significance, the Indian agriculture sector faces numerous challenges. Small and fragmented landholdings lead to inefficiencies and lower yields. Farmers often lack access to modern technology and best farming practices. Climate change, erratic monsoons, and depletion of water resources further exacerbate these issues. Additionally, the lack of proper storage and transportation infrastructure results in significant post-harvest losses.

Government Initiatives for Agricultural Development

The Indian government has undertaken various initiatives to boost agricultural productivity and improve farmers’ livelihoods. These include the Green Revolution, which significantly increased food grain production, and the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi, providing income support to small and marginal farmers. Additionally, the government has introduced several schemes for crop insurance, irrigation, and soil health improvement.

Future of Agriculture in India

The future of Indian agriculture lies in sustainable and technology-driven practices. Precision agriculture, using AI and IoT, can optimize resource use and boost yields. Biotechnology can offer solutions to pest control and climate resilience. Furthermore, strengthening the agri-supply chain and improving market linkages can ensure better price realization for farmers.

Agriculture in India is a sector of vast potential. Despite the challenges, with the right policy interventions, technological adoption, and sustainable practices, it can usher in a new era of growth and prosperity. The sector’s transformation will not only ensure food security but also significantly improve the livelihoods of millions of farmers across the country.

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The Indian Agriculture System

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Published: Sep 18, 2018

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write a reflective essay on indian agriculture

Selected Essays/Agriculture in India

Agriculture has existed in India, since the Vedic times, Rigvedic treatise describes various agricultural activities, such as, ploughing, irrigation and cultivation of fruits and vegetables. Even rice and cotton were cultivated in the Valley.

Agriculture is the means of livelihood of almost two-thirds of the workforce in the country. It has always been India’s most important economic sector. Before 1947, Indian history was replete with famine, drought and food shortages. Between 1770 and 1880, as many as 27 food scarcities and famines were recorded. At least 20 million lives were lost in India in about 20 famines that had struck since 1850. Much of this loss was because of the wrong colonial policies, which aimed to derive maximum economic gain at the cost of human suffering and misery.

After the British had created a transport infrastructure in the first half of the 19th century, they began encourage in farmers to grow crops that could be exported. The boom in export and trade accompanied by rising prices forced farmers to shift to cash crops like cotton, indigo, poppy and sugarcane. The area under food grains subsequently shrank. In other words, efforts to improve agriculture in colonial India were directly linked to the needs of the British industries.

After Independence, India made rapid strides in the agricultural sector. Dependence of India on agricultural imports in the early 1960s, convinced planners that India’s growing population, as well as concern about national independence, security and political stability, required self-sufficiency in food production. This perception led to a programme of agricultural improvement called the Green Revolution, to a public distribution system and price support system for farmers.

The growth in food grain production is a result of concentrated efforts to increase all the Green Revolution inputs needed for higher yields: better seeds, more fertilisers, improved irrigation and education of farmers. Although increased irrigation has helped to lessen year-to-year fluctuations in farm production result in from the vagaries of the monsoon, it has not eliminated them.

Non- traditional crops of India, such as summer mung (a variety of lentil, part of the pulse family), soybeans, peanuts and sunflowers are gradually gaining importance. Steps have been taken to ensure an increase in the supply of non-chemical fertilisers at reasonable prices.

There are 53 fertiliser quality control laboratories in the country. Though the Green Revolution increased yields greatly, it aimed at the better-endowed regions. For millions of farmers languishing in the dry lands, constituting more than 70% of the cultivable lands, it continues to be a futile struggle. Despite emphasis on dry land farming during the past several decades, the scenario still remains grim.

The undulating topography and the irregular rainfall patterns have combined to aggravate the situation. Out of 141 million hectare of cultivated area, dry land area constitutes 85 million hectare i.e.60% of the total cultivated area.

The dry lands produce about 42% of the country’s food which shows that the future of farming lies in these areas. A large quantity of many nutritious crops like wheat, ragi, pulses, fruits, oilseeds, grown in the country come from these areas. The poor yields and the fluctuation in production are indications of the scant attention dry lands have received from policymakers and the planners.

The problem of increasing productivity on dry lands has serious socio-economic implication. With every passing year, the gap between the farmer’s yields in irrigated areas and in the dry farming regions is widening. One year of drought is enough to push a farmer into a deep well of poverty for another two to three years. Drought is a recurring phenomenon in arid and semi-arid areas. Fifty years after Independence, life for millions of people somehow surviving in the dry lands continues to be worse than ever before.

India’s topography, soils, rainfall and the availability of water for irrigation have been major determinants of the crop and livestock patterns characteristic of Indian agriculture. The monsoons, moreover, play a critical role in determining whether the harvest will be bountiful, average or poor in any given year. In the absence of sufficient irrigation measures, the areas receiving scanty rainfall suffer.

India is among the top global producer of staple food crops. But even then, the productivity of is fields is far below that of Brazil, US and France. This is due to small size of their landholdings, their fragmentation, high cost of technology and lack of awareness. Many agricultural lands are also being diverted for commercial exploitation.

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Essay on Indian Farmer for Students and Children

500+ words essay on indian farmer.

Framers are the backbone of Indian society. Also, this is a sensitive topic that needs to be handled carefully. The people of India are engaged in a variety of profession but agriculture or farming is the main occupation in India. In contrast, though they are the backbone of the economy still they are facing many problems that not only affect them but also other people. Although farmers feed the entire nation sometimes they can’t even afford two square meals for them and their families.

Essay on Indian Farmer

Importance of Farmers

Before the 1970s India was not self-sufficient in producing food grains and imports a large sum of food gains from other countries. But, when our imports started blackmailing us then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri find an alternative and motivated our farmers. In addition, he gave the slogan “ Jai Jawan Jai Kisan ” which is remembered till day.

After this, the green revolution started in India and we became self-sufficient in food grains. Moreover, we started exporting our surplus to other countries.

Besides, the farmers contribute around 17% of the country’s economy. But still, they live their lives in poverty. Also, they are self-employed and depend only on farming as their main and only occupation.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Role of Farmers

Farmers are the driving force of the economy. That’s why; a major sum of our population is directly or indirectly involved in it. Furthermore, every citizen of the country is dependent on the agriculture products produced by them.

The Current Condition of the Farmers

The farmers feed the entire nation but they themselves struggle for 2 square meals a day. In addition, the farmers are committing suicide because of the debts and burden of guilt that they can’t feed and provide a prosperous life to their families. Many of the farmers are migrating to cities to find a more stable source of income that can provide their family with a proper food supply.

But, if the condition of farmers’ suicide and migration continues than India will again become a food importer rather than exporter. Due to large scale campaigning and the issue of farmer’s suicide is highlighted. But are these efforts enough to save our Annadata (food provider) that the question which we should ask our self?

Besides, the relentlessness of the problem could be judged by the fact that every year hundreds and thousands of farmers commit suicide. The main reasons for their suicide are the repayment of loans which they are unable to repay due to various reasons. In addition, the maximum number of farmers is forced to live below the poverty line. Above all, they are forced to sell their produce at a cost lower than the MSP (Minimum Support Price).

In conclusion, we have passed a long way since independence but still, we need to do a lot. Also, the villages and farmers and villagers still after doing this much for the economy still spend there in misery. But, if we take the matter seriously and try to resolve the problems of farmers then soon a day will come to the villages will become prosperous as the cities.

Q.1 Put some light on the condition of Indian farmers? A.1 The condition of Indian farmers is very poor. Around 80% of the farmer’s population consists of those farmers who own less than 1-hectare land or 1-2 hectare. Besides, agriculture provides employment to nearly 50% but still contributes 15% to the GDP.

Q.2 Define small farmers? A.2 Small farmers are vital for India’s agriculture. These are the farmers that own 2 or less than 2 hectares of land. In addition, they constitute around 70-80% of the total farmers of the country.

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Agriculture 4.0: Future of Indian Agriculture

Agriculture 4.0: Future of Indian Agriculture

  • Mar 23, 2023, 14:35
  • Agriculture

Overview of Agriculture in India Agriculture plays a significant role in India’s growing economy. With around 54.6% of the total workforce involved in agriculture and allied sector activities, the sector contributes to 17.8% of the country’s gross value added (GVA). During 2021-22, the country recorded US$ 50.2 billion in total agriculture exports with a 20% increase from US$ 41.3 billion in 2020-21. It is projected that the Indian agriculture sector will grow by 3.5% in FY23.

With the use of conventional farming methods, there’s comparatively less improvement in efficiency and agricultural yields which resulted in lower productivity. Due to this concern, the government initiated the fourth wave of revolution in the agricultural sector to introduce technological advancement in these activities to improve yields and promote the involvement of the population in this sector.

Agriculture 4.0 is a considerably advanced version of precision farming methods. It has the potential to transform the existing methods of farming. Precision farming focuses on a comprehensive approach towards maintaining the field and soil well-being with a focus on improving the quality and quantity of yield with minimum environmental harm. The idea of revolution in agriculture involves the use of the Internet of Things (IoT), big data, artificial intelligence, and robotics to accelerate and improve the efficiency of activities throughout the entire production chain. It has the potential to transform the conventional farming industry. Conventional farming practices control crop watering and spraying pesticides or fertilisers uniformly across the field. Instead, the farmers will need to be more targeted and data-driven in the context of farming. Future farms will be more productive owing to the employment of robotics, temperature and moisture sensors, aerial photos, and GPS technology. These cutting-edge methods will improve farm profitability, efficiency, safety, and environmental friendliness. They are together referred to as advanced or high-tech precision farming.

Around one-third of food produced for consumption which is worth over US$ 1 trillion is lost or wasted in transit. This leads to millions of people sleeping hungry every night. The UN World Food Programme reports state that the primary cause of rising hunger around the globe is food wastage or loss due to uneven handling of food.

The concern about food wastage gave rise to the involvement of technology in agriculture to improve productivity and reduce wastage by proper handling of food. The data analytics and AI will help farmers to monitor the activities of seeds to the final crop. This will result in better yield and as a result, people will be involved in agriculture and eventually, the nation will target the least hunger issues. These challenges led to the introduction of Agriculture 4.0 wherein farmers won’t be dependent on water facilities, fertilizers, and pesticides uniformly across entire fields. Instead, farmers will be suggested to use minimum quantities and target specific areas for different crops to get better productivity.

Prospects of Indian Agriculture The continuous technological innovation in the Indian agriculture sector plays a critical role in the growth and development of the Indian agriculture system. It will be crucial for ensuring agricultural production, generating employment, and reducing poverty to promoting equitable and sustainable growth. Constraints include diminishing and degraded land and water resources, drought, flooding, and global warming generating unpredictable weather patterns that present a significant barrier for India's agriculture to grow sustainably and profitably. The future of agriculture seems to involve much-developed technologies like robotics, temperature and moisture sensors, aerial images, and GPS technology. Farms will be able to be more productive, efficient, safe, and environmentally sustainable owing to this cutting-edge equipment, robotic systems, and precision agriculture. 

Various factors such as data analysis matrix and technological advancement in the existing agricultural machinery contribute to the production of food grains for consumption and commercial needs. The production of commercial food grain support the economy and improves the GDP.

Hence, the future growth of Indian agriculture appears to be growing with an upward graph which is backed by technological advancements and government initiatives.

Recent Trends in Agriculture India’s agriculture mainly depends on nature, however changing climate and global warming are making farming unpredictable. The need to use modern technologies to increase productivity and profitability led to the emergence of Agriculture 4.0 in India. There have been significant changes in India in the context of agriculture over the decades and many new technologies have been developed. Several new-age farmers are using soil mapping software as well to determine the optimum level of fertilizers used in the farms. These emerging technologies in farming and agriculture pave the way for more opportunities. The aggrotech start-ups and traditional farmers are also using the latest solutions and trends to improve production in the food value chain. It includes the adoption of new technologies such as cloud-based solutions and other relevant advanced agricultural management techniques to increase farmer efficiency and produce more crops.

  • Grape farmers in India who have begun spotting and geo-locating crop diseases or pestilence, allowing them to control infestations earlier and in a more precise manner. This also leads to lower use of harmful pesticides on the crop. Soil mapping software is used by several new farmers to determine the optimum level of fertiliser use in their farms. They are also using drones which allow spraying pesticides in a more targeted manner.
  • Sugarcane farmers in India have started using technology to gauge the most appropriate time to harvest their crops, which allows them to better plan their harvest and maximise output. Several Indian farmers have also begun to use AI/ML-powered technologies to forecast crop yield, weather conditions and price trends in mandis. A few farmers have also begun testing self-driving tractors and seed-planting robots to free their farms from the vagaries of labour shortages.

Emerging trends in the agricultural sector that are quite prominent in the post-liberalization era include increased production, increased investment, diversification of the sector, use of modern techniques, development of horticulture and floriculture, increasing volume of exports and development of the food processing industry.

Some of the recent trends in agricultural technology:

  • Agricultural Drone Technology-

Drones are used widely for medical delivery to protection assistance and are used in agriculture to improve the growth of crops, maintenance, and cultivation methods. For example, these ariel carriers are used to access crop conditions and execute better fertilization strategies for more yields. Even the accessibility of hovering robots help farmers through a survey of large areas and data collection to generate better insights about their farms. Using drones in agriculture has provided more frequent, cost-effective remote monitoring of crops and livestock. It also helps analyse field conditions and determine appropriate interventions such as fertilizers, nutrients, and pesticides.

  • Diversification of Agriculture-

The agricultural sector produces generic consumption needs as well as crops like fruits, vegetables, spices, cashews, areca nuts, coconuts, and floral products such as flowers, orchids, etc. With the increasing demand for these products, there’s a huge potential in terms of production and trade of these products. This shows how the agricultural sector is being transformed into a dynamic and commercial sector by shifting the mix of traditional agricultural products towards higher quality products, with a high potential to accelerate production rates.

The diversification in agriculture is being supported by changes in technology or consumer demand, trade or government policy, transportation, irrigation, and other infrastructure developments.

  • Increasing Trend in Horticulture Production-

The availability of diverse physiographic, climatic, and soil characteristics enables India to grow various horticulture crops. It includes fruits, vegetables, spices, cashew, coconut, cocoa, areca etc. The total horticulture production in FY22 is estimated at 342.333 million tonnes which is an increase of about 7.03 million tonnes (2.10% increase) from 2020-21. 

  • Development of Agriculture in Backward Areas-

In the post-green revolution era, the introduction of new agricultural strategies, research, and technology was mostly limited to producing specific food grains, i.e., wheat and rice. However, under the wave of liberalization, with the growing demand for agricultural exports, many new sectors of agricultural activities have become favourable and profitable.

In some agriculturally backward areas with no irrigation system and access to fewer resources, dryland farming has been introduced. Other activities were also encouraged such as horticulture, floriculture, animal husbandry, fisheries, etc. To support the development in those areas, various modern techniques have been installed in the backward areas.

  • Ariel Imaging-

Ariel imaging involves the use of geographic information system (GIS) technology to analyse the potential of irrigation projects and their impact on land degradation, erosion, and drainage. The visuals of this technology allow assessment of an individual plant’s foliage. These visuals are actively used to detect pests and diseases to protect crops from environmental threats. It mostly helps farmers to monitor the soil conditions of farms and is useful in the summer season when there is the least availability of water.

  • Hydroponics and Vertical Farming

The concept of hydroponics farming focus towards better yields, texture, and taste of the final product with less water consumption. Plants which are grown hydroponically do not need extensive root systems and it allows them to contribute more energy towards the production of leaves and fruits. Because of indoor cultivation, these plants mature quickly and possess better immunity against pests and other diseases. In the context of sustainability, vertical farming allows farms to be located near or within areas of high population density which reduces the need for transportation and any harmful emissions. Vertical farming provides the ability to grow crops in urban environments and contributes to the availability of fresh foods conveniently. This farming significantly reduces the amount of land space required to grow crops compared to conventional farming methods.

  • Various farm sensors such as autonomous vehicles, wearables, button cameras, robotics, control systems, etc help in the collection of data to analyse the performance of the farm.
  • Use of aerial and ground-based drones for crop health assessment, irrigation, monitoring and field analysis.
  • Use of tools to predict rainfall, temperature, soil, humidity, and other forecasted natural calamities.

Government Initiatives The government has taken various initiatives to enable the potential digitalization of the agricultural sector in India. It focuses on promoting Agri-tech businesses which are working towards boosting productivity.

  • The government has finalised an India Digital Ecosystem of Agriculture (IDEA) framework that will establish the architecture for the federated database of farmers. This database is being built by taking the publicly available data as existing in various schemes and linking them with the digitalized land records. The IDEA would serve as a foundation to build innovative Agri-focused solutions leveraging emerging technologies to contribute effectively to creating a better Ecosystem for Agriculture in India. This Ecosystem shall help the Government in effective planning towards increasing the income of farmers and improving the efficiency of the agriculture sector.
  • To facilitate agricultural engineering research, operations, and technology diffusion, the Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Bhopal (ICAR-CIAE) of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has created the Krishi Yantra App. A web portal has been made available by ICAR-CIAE on their website to guarantee that businesses choose the proper mechanisation technology. This aids current and potential business owners in choosing machines and purchasing options. The portal also offers the option of user and specialist engagement.
  • Farm Safety app was developed by ICAR-CIAE which provides information about safety guidelines and Safety Gadgets to avoid accidents while using different types of agricultural machinery.
  • A smartphone app called Water Balance Simulation Model for Roof Water Harvesting assists decision-makers in recommending design criteria. It provides that where the implementation of a roof water harvesting system may result in water savings and water security.

Conclusion Agriculture is an important sector of the country. It is one of the market-driven industries that employ a large segment of the country’s population. The new changes over the last few years have been enormously helpful to contribute more towards economic growth. Recent advancements such as drones, and data-driven facilities help to monitor the process of farming. It has been supporting farmers to increase productivity and contribute more towards the agricultural economy.

The future of Indian agriculture seems bright and promising with the advent of new technologies. The government has increased its focus on the sector, implementing various policies and initiatives to boost productivity and growth. India’s vast and diverse agricultural landscape, coupled with advancements in technology, provides immense opportunities for farmers to harness their potential and increase yield. In addition, start-ups in the agricultural sector are working towards providing innovative solutions to farmers in terms of supporting them with better productivity, measuring tools and other data-driven strategies.

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Essay On Agriculture – 10 Lines, Short And Long Essay For Kids

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Key Points To Remember When Writing An Essay On Agriculture For Lower Primary Classes

10 lines on agriculture for kids, a paragraph on agriculture for kids, essay on indian agriculture for kids, long essay on agriculture for children, what will your child learn from the essay on agriculture.

Agriculture is one of the major sectors of the Indian economy, and the country. It has been present in the country for thousands of years. Children may have seen farms and fields while travelling from one place to another for a holiday or any other outing, but may not be familiar with what exactly agriculture means.

One effective way to teach them would be through an essay on agriculture in English. Through essay writing on this topic of agriculture for classes 1, 2 and 3, children will learn to gather facts and write them in their own words. Let us guide your child to write an essay on agriculture.

  • Before you begin writing an essay on agriculture, keep the following points in mind:
  • Gather some factual information on agriculture.
  • Jot down your ideas in a well-organised sequence.
  • Weave them into sentences and paragraphs to form a great essay.

For better understanding, you can refer to the following samples of essays that you can use to write a composition of your own.

An essay for classes 1 and 2 can be written in very simple language with accurate facts and ideas. Let us guide your child to write this essay with a few lines on agriculture with this example given below:

  • Agriculture means the cultivation of crops for food and fodder.
  • Agriculture plays a significant role in the Indian economy as the main source of food.
  • Dairy, poultry, fisheries etc. come under animal husbandry, a sub-sector of agriculture.
  • Scientific research and improved farming techniques helped India to achieve the Green revolution and attain a self-reliant status in terms of food production.
  • India is the second-largest producer of wheat and paddy in the world.
  • India is also the world’s largest exporter of spices, primarily exporting ginger, cardamom, curry powder, tamarind, fennel etc.
  • Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of wheat and sugarcane in India.
  • Climate change and pollution have adversely affected the quality and yield of agricultural produce.
  • Climate change has led to a 1.5% decline in the Indian GDP.
  • Agriculture is the prime source of food production, and any mistake in it can adversely affect the food supply and our normal course of life.

Let us write a small paragraph in English on Agriculture:

Agriculture is one of the most important aspects of everyone’s life. It is something that is necessary for the survival of each and every human being. It not only provides food and raw materials but also employment opportunities to a large proportion of the population. Along with being a necessity, it also helps in the economy of the country. Agriculture plays a very vital role in our life. Without agriculture, the existence of human beings is not possible as it is the main source of our food supply to sustain on the earth and it also helps to grow our economy across the world.

Essay for classes 1, 2 and 3 can be made more elaborate by expressing each idea in a few lines with details. Here is an example of a short essay on agriculture:

India largely depends on the agriculture sector. Besides, agriculture is not just a means of livelihood but a way of living life in India. For thousands of years, we have been practicing agriculture. After independence, we use to import food grains from other countries to fulfill our demand. But, after the green revolution, we became self-sufficient and started exporting our surplus to other countries.

We feel gratitude when we hear the word “agriculture”. Without agriculture, it is not possible to feed ourselves. Our farmers work so hard in the agriculture sector to feed us. They also help to prevent future attacks on us or our neighbouring country for food. Our farmers stand for us in any situation by giving food to the world.

Agriculture is a very important aspect of each and everyone’s life. It is impossible to feed human beings without the help of agriculture. There are many types of agriculture such as grain farming, shifting cultivation, dairy farming, etc. There are some bad impacts of agriculture on our environment such as manures and fertilizers causing pollution, soil losing its fertility and many more.

An essay for class 3 would require students to write a long composition with many facts and observations. Guide them to organise these ideas into sub-headings and paragraphs for a good layout.

What Is The Importance Of Agriculture In Our Lives?

Agriculture has a lot of importance in each and everyone’s life. From employment opportunities to trades to consuming the end products of agriculture, it impacts all our lives. It also maintains our ecosystem. It is impossible to feed human beings without the help of agriculture.

Types Of Agriculture

There are many types of agriculture as explained below:

  • Grain Farming: The process of planting a variety of crops which is later harvested at the end of the season. The seeds of the crops are later refined for use. Grains are basically the seeds of the crops planted. In this farming, people from the same family can work on a small piece of land. Grain farming is done to provide food to animals and human beings.
  • Shifting Cultivation:  this cultivation is shifted from one place to another. In this cultivation, farmers use a small piece of land for a temporary time and then leave it to abandon until and unless the land gets its fertility back naturally.
  • Gardening and Fruit Farming: fruits and vegetables are produced on a large scale from a commercial point of view. It requires fewer resources and labourers as compared to grain farming and shifting cultivation.
  • Pastoral Nomads: This is a kind of agriculture that is based on the herding of domesticated animals.
  • Dairy Farming: Dairy farming is related to the prolonged production of milk. This procedure is done for producing products like sweets, chocolates, curd, cheese, etc.

What Is The Role Of Agriculture In Economic Development?

Agriculture plays a role in India’s economic development, for a continuous level of farm surplus is one of the wellsprings of technological and commercial growth. Industries too, depend on agriculture for raw materials. Expansion in the agriculture sector also leads to the expansion of the industrial sector. Also, when there is an increase in the agriculture sector, its production, more employment opportunities will also be generated.  Direct employment in crop raising, and agriculture expansion also provides work in the other sphere.

Problems Faced In Agriculture

Agriculture is the backbone of our economy yet, there are many problems that farmers in the agriculture sector are facing.

  • Poor and outdated techniques
  • Inadequate irrigation facilities
  • Debt of the farmers
  • Low adoption of improved technology
  • Low Rate Of Innovation in Agriculture
  • Rural transport and communication network

Negative Effects Of Agriculture On Environment

Agriculture is the leading source of pollution in many countries. Pesticides, fertilizers and other toxic farm chemicals can poison fresh water, marine ecosystems, air and soil. They also can remain in the environment for generations.

When children compose an essay on agriculture, they learn a lot about a field of work that they may not have seen first-hand. They will learn many new facts and will understand the importance of the hard work of farmers in the hinterlands.

Writing on such a topic requires children to gather facts and present them in dramatically sound language with appropriate vocabulary. This improves the students’ communication skills and makes them analytical thinkers.

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Essay on Indian Farmers

Essay on Indian Farmers 150, 200, 500 Words

Indian farmers are the backbone of our society; they not only contribute to our economy but also ensure food for every countryman.

Since ancient civilizations, India has had a very rich tradition and culture of farming. Indian farmers are very resilient and kind by nature.

An essay on Indian farmers discusses various life aspects of Indian farmers.

  • How agricultural tradition has transferred from generation to generation
  • The role of the Indian farmer
  • The problems Indian farmers face
  • How government policy can improve the lives of Indian farmers
  • The role of technology to increase the yield of the crops

There are three types of essays: short, medium, and large. All the essays are written based on the above points, as preferred according to your needs.

Table of Contents

Essay on Indian Farmers 150, 200, 500 Words

Essay on Indian Farmers 150 Words

Indian farmers play a significant role in the country’s growing economy. They ensure food for everyone in this country. The agriculture sector is a vast part of the Indian economy.

According to the food and agriculture sector, 70% of rural households depend on agriculture, and among them, 82% of the farmers are small or marginalized.

Despite the rich history and culture of farming in India, farmers Still face many challenges like climate change, water scarcity, and irrigation problems, which decrease the yield of the crops. With the right government policy for our small farmers, Indian farmers can beat all this diversity.

The future of the Indian agriculture sector is very bright, as incorporating technology into farming can boost the yield of crops.

Essay on Indian Farmers in 200 words

Indian farmers are an inevitable part of Indian society. As India is a majorly agriculture-dependent country, Indian farmers ensure food for every countryman.

58% of India’s population is directly or indirectly associated with the agriculture sector. Among all the farmers, 80–85% are small farmers who have less than 2 hectares of farming land.

Indian farmers grow their crops with love and care, just as a mother nourishes her children. Indian farmers say “ kheti hamara mah hai ” which means crops are like our moms. India is the second-largest rice producer in the world. The agriculture sector has a track record of year-on-year growth.

Despite the gradual growth of Indian farmers, they still face numerous problems. Indian farmers are heavily dependent on the monsoon seasons to grow their crops, and sometimes delays in the monsoon lead to the destruction of their crops.

Another problem that Indian farmers face is that they don’t have enough access to capital to experiment with different types of crops. They also don’t have access to modern technology to make informed decisions.

To address all the problems of farmers, the government should come forward and implement the right policy to give maximum benefit to our farmers.

Essay on The Indian Farmer in 500 Words

The agriculture sector has accelerated a vast part of India’s GDP over the centuries. Indian farmers play a significant role in the country’s growing economy. Farmers produce food that feeds 1.5 billion people.

Historical Background of Indian Agriculture:

From the beginning of civilization, India was an agriculture-dependent country. In early civilization, people started farming near the river bank and used to sustain their lives only through farming. This tradition deeply evolved into our culture, and with time, India strengthened its agriculture with high production and yield.

Challenges Faced by Indian Farmers:

Still today, Indian farmers face numerous challenges.

Economically: farmers with very limited land suffer problems of low yield that lead to the burden of debt pushing them into poverty. Limited access to credit and financial resources also enhanced this problem further.

Monsoon dependency: A large portion of Indian farmers heavily depend on the monsoon season to grow their crops. This climate change makes farmers vulnerable and leads to crop failure. Sometimes a heavy waterfall destroys the crops due to inadequate irrigation facilities.

Pest attack: Indian farmers lack knowledge about possible pests and pesticides. They are not modern techniques of pest management.

Government initiatives:

Indian farmers face several problems, and that leads them into erotic situations. To address farmer problems, the Indian government has taken several steps from time to time.

The government introduced the Kishan Bima Yojana , which offers the farmer an insurance policy for their crops. The government also provided MSP minimum support prices that ensured the farmer got a fair price for their product. The government is also aiming to triple the income of Indian farmers in a few years.

Role of Technology and Innovation:

To enhance the yield of farmers, technology and innovation can play a significant role. Nowadays, farmers are using modern techniques and mechanisms for speeding. Farmers are using mobile apps that allow them to get all the updates about the weather and their seasonal crops with just a click. All these updates help farmers be informed decision-makers.

Solution and recommendation:

To achieve the aim of the Indian government, which is three times the income of our Indian farmers, we must take several states, which are as follows:

  • Farmers should receive financial aid with low interest rates.
  • The government should create a marketplace where farmers can sell their products at a fair price.
  • Modern technology like satellite mapping, drone seeding, etc. should be
  • The farmer should provide life insurance for their family members.

Conclusion: Farmers are the backbone of the Indian economy, and the problems faced by all Indian farmers can be solved with the right kind of government policy and with technical help.

The government should encourage farmers to practice bio farming and sustainability. India needs more agricultural entrepreneurship so that farmers have more options to supply their crops.

What are the problems Indian farmers face?

The main problem Indian farmers face is monsoon dependency, which makes them vulnerable.

What are some government policies for farmers in India?

PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Scheme , PM Fasal Bima YoJana .

Who are the small farmers in India?

The farmers who have less than 2 hectares of farming land are called small farmers.

What is the Minimum support price (MSP)?

The price at which the government buys crops directly from the farmers

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