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Principles of Social Research Methodology

  • © 2022
  • M. Rezaul Islam 0 ,
  • Niaz Ahmed Khan 1 ,
  • Rajendra Baikady 2

Centre for Family and Child Studies, Research Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

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Department of Development Studies, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Department of social work, school of humanities, university of johannesburg, johannesburg, south africa.

  • Emphasizes the essentials and fundamentals of research methodologies
  • Covers the entire research process, beginning with the conception of the research problem
  • Combines theory and practical application to familiarize the reader with the logic of research design

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Table of contents (35 chapters)

Front matter, introduction to social research, inquiry: a fundamental concept for scientific investigation.

M. Rezaul Islam

Research: Meaning and Purpose

  • Kazi Abusaleh, Akib Bin Anwar

Social Research: Definitions, Types, Nature, and Characteristics

  • Kanamik Kani Khan, Md. Mohsin Reza

Theory in Social Research

  • Mumtaz Ali, Maya Khemlani David, Kuang Ching Hei

Philosophy of Social Science and Research Paradigms

Inductive and/or deductive research designs.

  • Md. Shahidul Haque
  • Premalatha Karupiah

Critical Theory in Social Research: A Theoretical and Methodological Outlook

  • Ashek Mahmud, Farhana Zaman

Narrative Inquiry, Phenomenology, and Grounded Theory in Qualitative Research

  • Rabiul Islam, Md. Sayeed Akhter
  • Md. Rafiqul Islam

Quantitative Research Approach

Designing research proposal in quantitative approach.

  • Md. Rezaul Karim

Experimental Method

  • Syed Tanveer Rahman, Md. Rabiul Islam

Social Survey Method

  • Isahaque Ali, Azlinda Azman, Shahid Mallick, Tahmina Sultana, Zulkarnain A. Hatta

Survey Questionnaire

  • Shofiqur Rahman Chowdhury, Mohammad Ali Oakkas, Faisal Ahmmed

Interview Method

  • Hazreena Hussein

Sampling Techniques for Quantitative Research

  • Moniruzzaman Sarker, Mohammed Abdulmalek AL-Muaalemi

Data Analysis Techniques for Quantitative Study

  • Social Science Research
  • Social Research Methods
  • Qualitative Research
  • Quantitative Research
  • Mixed Method Research
  • Research Design

About this book

This book is a definitive, comprehensive understanding to social science research methodology. It covers both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The book covers the entire research process, beginning with the conception of the research problem to publication of findings. The text combines theory and practical application to familiarize the reader with the logic of research design, the logic and techniques of data analysis, and the fundamentals and implications of various data collection techniques. Organized in seven sections and easy to read chapters, the text emphasizes the importance of clearly defined research questions and well-constructed practical explanations and illustrations. A key contribution to the methodology literature, the book is an authoritative resource for policymakers, practitioners, graduate and advanced research students, and educators in all social science disciplines.

Editors and Affiliations

Niaz Ahmed Khan

Rajendra Baikady

About the editors

Bibliographic information.

Book Title : Principles of Social Research Methodology

Editors : M. Rezaul Islam, Niaz Ahmed Khan, Rajendra Baikady


Publisher : Springer Singapore

eBook Packages : Social Sciences

Copyright Information : The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2022

Hardcover ISBN : 978-981-19-5219-7 Published: 27 October 2022

Softcover ISBN : 978-981-19-5524-2 Published: 28 October 2023

eBook ISBN : 978-981-19-5441-2 Published: 26 October 2022

Edition Number : 1

Number of Pages : XXXI, 508

Number of Illustrations : 24 b/w illustrations, 45 illustrations in colour

Topics : Social Work , Education, general

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  • Study Guides
  • Homework Questions

MHPS 618 Qualitative Research Methodology-2023-5


  1. 15 Research Methodology Examples (2023)

    five objectives of research methodology pdf

  2. PPT

    five objectives of research methodology pdf

  3. research title objectives examples

    five objectives of research methodology pdf

  4. What Are The 5 Types Of Research Methods

    five objectives of research methodology pdf

  5. Types Of Research Presentation

    five objectives of research methodology pdf

  6. 4: Research methodology for achieving research objectives.

    five objectives of research methodology pdf


  1. Research Approaches

  2. Difference between Research Questions and Research Objectives

  3. Research Seminar by Dr. Phon Sophat

  4. Objectives of Research

  5. Metho 4: Good Research Qualities / Research Process / Research Methods Vs Research Methodology

  6. How to Generate Your Research Topic


  1. PDF Chapter 1 Introduction to Research Methodology

    The research design is a fundamental aspect of research methodology, outlining the overall strategy and structure of the study. It includes decisions regarding the research type (e.g., descriptive, experimental), the selection of variables, and the determination of the study's scope and timeframe. We must carefully consider the design to ...


    between philosophy and methods" (Cameron, 2011, p. 101). This due diligence is necessary because, to academics, these words can mean different things. Without conceptual clarity, the integrity of any academic conversa - tion about the interface between philosophy, methodology, and methods is compromised. ••Compare and contrast

  3. PDF Research Methodology Demystified

    The primary objective of research methodology is to ensure that the research is conducted rigorously, logically, and reliably, allowing for the generation of valid and credible results. Research methodology has components that can be associated with those of a tree. Study figure 1 to understand the research methodology from a paradigm perspective.


    Health research methodology: A guide for training in research methods INTRODUCTION This is a revised version of an earlier manual on Health Research Methodology and deals with the basic concepts and principles of scientific research methods with particular attention to research in the health field. The research process is the cornerstone for ...

  5. PDF CHAPTER 1 The Selection of a Research Approach

    designs); and specific research methods of data collection, analysis, and interpretation. The selection of a research approach includes the research Learning Objectives 1. Define major research terms used in this book so that you can incorporate them into your projects. 2. Describe the three major methodologies and their differences to

  6. Handbook of Research Methodology

    Objectives of Research The major aim of any type of research is to find out the reality and facts which is unknown and which has not been exposed. Although each research activity has its own particular reason, the objectives of research can be grouped into the following categories : 1. To achieve skillfulness with a trend or to get novel opinions


    5.1 INTRODUCTION. The main purpose of this chapter is to present and justify the different approaches and. methods that have been adopted in this study. The chapter begins with discussing the. meaning and the purpose of research in the social sciences, then move to different. research strategies and methods.

  8. PDF Chapter 3 Research Strategies and Methods

    A research strategy is an overall plan for conducting a research study. A research strategy guides a researcher in planning, executing, and monitoring the study. While the research strategy provides useful support at a high level, it needs to be complemented with research methods that can guide the research work at a more detailed level.

  9. PDF Research Methodology and Methods

    4.2 Research methodology, theory and research method selection A research methodology is 'a general approach to studying research topics' (Hussey and Hussey, 1997: 56), which is distinct from a research method. A research method is a tool or a technique that is used to gather data (Bailey, 1994). In contrast, a research methodology ...

  10. PDF Presenting Methodology and Research Approach

    out your research from data collection through data analysis. The two sections that follow elaborate in greater detail on the methods of data collection and the process of data analysis. The narrative in this section is often augmented by a flowchart or diagram that provides an illustration of the various steps involved. 5: Data-Collection Methods

  11. (Pdf) Handbook of Research Methodology

    Research methodology is taught as a supporting subject in several ways in many academic disciplines such as health, education, psychology, social work, nursing, public health, library studies ...

  12. PDF Introduction to Qualitative Research Methodology

    concepts and methods in qualitative research as applied to the fi eld of health. All three authors are trained anthropologists who have been working in health and development for many years. They have conducted research, taught, and built capacity for qualitative and applied anthropological research in different

  13. (PDF) Research Methodology (Methods, Approaches And Techniques)

    Research Methodology (Methods, Approaches And Techniques) September 2023. DOI: 10.59646/rmmethods/040. Authors: Jaffer Ali Khan. Alamelu Mangai Raman. University of Technology and Applied Sciences ...

  14. PDF National Open University of Nigeria Research Methodology

    ii 2.0 Module Objectives 17 3.0 Main Content 17 3.1 The Meaning and Types of Research 17 3.1.1 Purpose of Research in the Social sciences 21 3.1.2 Processes of Social Research 23 3.1.3 Types of Social Research designs 27 3.1.4 Characteristics of Research in the Social sciences 35 3.2 Quantitative research: Designs and methods 35

  15. PDF Unit: 01 Research: Meaning, Types, Scope and Significance

    1.7 Methodology of Research 1.8 Formulation of Research Problem 1.9 Research Design 1.9.1 Meaning of Research Design 1.9.2 Characteristics of Research Design ... Unbiased and objective means that you have taken each step in an unbiased manner and drawn each conclusion to the best of your ability and without introducing your own vested interest. ...


    In other words, the research design sets the procedure on the required data, the methods to be applied to collect and analyze this data, and how all of this is going to answer the research ...

  17. Research Methodology, A step-by-step guide for... (PDF)

    Page 1. Page 2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY a step-by-step guide for beginners. Page 3. SAGE has been part of the global academic community since 1965, supporting high quality research and learning that transforms society and our understanding of individuals, groups, and cultures. SAGE is the independent, innovative, natural home for authors, editors ...

  18. PDF Principles of Social Research Methodology

    The research methodology is one of the most significant courses in all disciplines including social sciences at undergraduate, master's, and Ph.D. levels. ... the quest for knowledge must be value-free and objective. Positivism mostly uses an experimental methodology as a way to gather information regarding the event which

  19. PDF research method fm

    Chapters four and five deal with literature review and the development of research objectives, respectively. A special emphasis is given to Chapter six which is the Chapter that contains the many elements of the "Methods" section of a research proposal. Chapter seven deals with the development of a Work plan and the preparation of a

  20. Research Objectives

    Research objectives describe what your research project intends to accomplish. They should guide every step of the research process, including how you collect data, build your argument, and develop your conclusions. Your research objectives may evolve slightly as your research progresses, but they should always line up with the research carried ...

  21. PDF Research Methodology: An Introduction Meaning Of Research

    research methods. Since the object of research, particularly the applied research, it to arrive at a solution for a given problem, the available data and the unknown aspects of the problem have to be related to each other to make a solution possible. Keeping this in view, research methods can be put into the following three groups: 1.

  22. PDF Research Methodology and Research Method

    The function of the research method is to provide for the collection of relevant information with minimal expenditure of effort, time and money. The design of research method, appropriate for a particular research problem, involves the consideration of the following: 1). Objectives of the Research Study; 2).

  23. MHPS 618 Qualitative Research Methodology-2023-5 (pdf)

    1. Biblical Perspective: This course will encourage students to gain a personal understanding of how God's gifts and the fruits of the Holy Spirit impact their roles as researchers by integrating scriptural principles with professional ethics in qualitative research methodology. 2.

  24. (PDF) Chapter 3

    Chapter 3 - Research Methodology a nd Research Method. This chapter looks at the various research methodologies and research methods that are commonly. used by researchers in the field of ...