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Essay On Electricity

Electricity is a form of energy, as we have other forms of energy like heat and light. We feel the existence of electricity when a refrigerator is on, an electric heater is on, or when an electric bulb is switched on. It is fascinating that electrical appliances like ceiling fans, mobile phones, laptops, etc., surround us. Also, the natural phenomenon of lightning striking the ground involves electricity. Here are a few sample essays on ‘Electricity’.

Essay On Electricity

100 Words Essay On Electricity

Electricity is a form of energy that is used to power lights, appliances, and many other things in our homes and buildings. It is created by generators, which use fuel to create a flow of electric charges. These charges are then sent through wires to our homes, where they power everything from our lights to our televisions.

Electricity is a powerful force that can be both helpful and dangerous. It is important to always be careful around electricity and to follow safety rules when using it.

Overall, electricity is an essential part of modern life and is used to power many of the things that make our lives easier and more convenient. Understanding how electricity works and how to use it safely is an important part of being a responsible student and citizen.

200 Words Essay On Electricity

Electricity is a form of energy that is all around us and plays a vital role in our daily lives. It is the force that powers everything from the lights in our homes to the computers we use at school.

Science Behind It | Electricity is a flow of tiny particles called electrons. These electrons flow through wires and create a current, which is what powers our lights and appliances. The electricity that we use in our homes is created at power plants, where generators use fuel like coal, natural gas, or wind to create the flow of electrons. It is sent through a network of transmission and distribution lines, which are like a big spider web, to reach different parts of the country. From there, it is sent to homes and buildings through smaller wires called service lines.

It is important to remember that electricity can be both helpful and dangerous. It is important to follow safety rules when using electricity. For example, it is important to never touch electrical wires with wet hands or to plug too many things into one outlet. Always be sure to ask an adult for help if you have any questions or concerns about electricity.

500 Words Essay On Electricity

Electricity is a powerful force that has a significant impact on our daily lives. It is the energy that powers everything from the lights in our homes to the computers we use at school. It enables us to have access to modern appliances, technology and communication.

How Electricity Affects Our Lives

One of the most obvious ways that electricity affects our lives is by providing the power for our lights, appliances, and other devices. Without electricity, we would have to rely on things like candles and manual labor to get things done. This would make our lives much more difficult and less convenient.

Electricity also plays a vital role in communication, it allows us to stay connected with friends and family through phone calls, text messages, and social media. It also allows us to access information and entertainment through the internet, television, and radio.

Furthermore, electricity also contributes to the development of industries, it is used to power machines and equipment that are essential for manufacturing and production, without electricity, it would be difficult to produce goods and services.

However, it is also important to consider the negative effects of electricity on the environment. The production of electricity often involves burning fossil fuels which release pollutants into the air and contribute to global warming. Moreover, the overuse of electricity can lead to power shortages and blackouts.

Overall, electricity has a profound effect on our lives, it makes our lives easier and more convenient, it contributes to communication and industry development, but it also has negative effects on the environment. It is important to be aware of how we use electricity and to make a conscious effort to use it responsibly and efficiently.

Discovery Of Electricity

The discovery of electricity is a story that spans centuries, with many important figures contributing to our understanding of this powerful force.

It all began in ancient times, with the Greeks and Romans experimenting with static electricity by rubbing different materials together. They observed that certain materials, such as amber, would become charged and attract nearby objects.

In the 1600s, English scientist William Gilbert conducted extensive research on electricity and magnetism, and coined the term "electricus," meaning "like amber." He also discovered that many materials, not just amber, could become charged.

In the 1700s, several scientists made significant advancements in the understanding of electricity. Benjamin Franklin conducted his famous kite experiment, proving that lightning was a form of electricity. He also invented the lightning rod, which protected buildings from lightning strikes.

In the 1800s, scientists such as Alessandro Volta and Michael Faraday made even more strides in our understanding of electricity. Volta created the first battery, while Faraday discovered the principle of electromagnetic induction, which is the basis for the operation of generators and motors.

As the years went on, scientists continued to make advancements in our understanding of electricity. The invention of the light bulb by Thomas Edison in 1879 changed the world forever, making electric light a practical reality for the first time.

Throughout the years, many people have contributed to our understanding of electricity, and it is a story of curiosity, experimentation and perseverance. Today we are able to enjoy the convenience and comfort that electricity has brought to our lives, but it all started with a spark of curiosity and a desire to understand the world around us.

Explore Career Options (By Industry)

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Bio Medical Engineer

The field of biomedical engineering opens up a universe of expert chances. An Individual in the biomedical engineering career path work in the field of engineering as well as medicine, in order to find out solutions to common problems of the two fields. The biomedical engineering job opportunities are to collaborate with doctors and researchers to develop medical systems, equipment, or devices that can solve clinical problems. Here we will be discussing jobs after biomedical engineering, how to get a job in biomedical engineering, biomedical engineering scope, and salary. 

Data Administrator

Database professionals use software to store and organise data such as financial information, and customer shipping records. Individuals who opt for a career as data administrators ensure that data is available for users and secured from unauthorised sales. DB administrators may work in various types of industries. It may involve computer systems design, service firms, insurance companies, banks and hospitals.

Ethical Hacker

A career as ethical hacker involves various challenges and provides lucrative opportunities in the digital era where every giant business and startup owns its cyberspace on the world wide web. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path try to find the vulnerabilities in the cyber system to get its authority. If he or she succeeds in it then he or she gets its illegal authority. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path then steal information or delete the file that could affect the business, functioning, or services of the organization.

Data Analyst

The invention of the database has given fresh breath to the people involved in the data analytics career path. Analysis refers to splitting up a whole into its individual components for individual analysis. Data analysis is a method through which raw data are processed and transformed into information that would be beneficial for user strategic thinking.

Data are collected and examined to respond to questions, evaluate hypotheses or contradict theories. It is a tool for analyzing, transforming, modeling, and arranging data with useful knowledge, to assist in decision-making and methods, encompassing various strategies, and is used in different fields of business, research, and social science.

Geothermal Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as geothermal engineers are the professionals involved in the processing of geothermal energy. The responsibilities of geothermal engineers may vary depending on the workplace location. Those who work in fields design facilities to process and distribute geothermal energy. They oversee the functioning of machinery used in the field.

Remote Sensing Technician

Individuals who opt for a career as a remote sensing technician possess unique personalities. Remote sensing analysts seem to be rational human beings, they are strong, independent, persistent, sincere, realistic and resourceful. Some of them are analytical as well, which means they are intelligent, introspective and inquisitive. 

Remote sensing scientists use remote sensing technology to support scientists in fields such as community planning, flight planning or the management of natural resources. Analysing data collected from aircraft, satellites or ground-based platforms using statistical analysis software, image analysis software or Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a significant part of their work. Do you want to learn how to become remote sensing technician? There's no need to be concerned; we've devised a simple remote sensing technician career path for you. Scroll through the pages and read.

Geotechnical engineer

The role of geotechnical engineer starts with reviewing the projects needed to define the required material properties. The work responsibilities are followed by a site investigation of rock, soil, fault distribution and bedrock properties on and below an area of interest. The investigation is aimed to improve the ground engineering design and determine their engineering properties that include how they will interact with, on or in a proposed construction. 

The role of geotechnical engineer in mining includes designing and determining the type of foundations, earthworks, and or pavement subgrades required for the intended man-made structures to be made. Geotechnical engineering jobs are involved in earthen and concrete dam construction projects, working under a range of normal and extreme loading conditions. 


How fascinating it is to represent the whole world on just a piece of paper or a sphere. With the help of maps, we are able to represent the real world on a much smaller scale. Individuals who opt for a career as a cartographer are those who make maps. But, cartography is not just limited to maps, it is about a mixture of art , science , and technology. As a cartographer, not only you will create maps but use various geodetic surveys and remote sensing systems to measure, analyse, and create different maps for political, cultural or educational purposes.

Budget Analyst

Budget analysis, in a nutshell, entails thoroughly analyzing the details of a financial budget. The budget analysis aims to better understand and manage revenue. Budget analysts assist in the achievement of financial targets, the preservation of profitability, and the pursuit of long-term growth for a business. Budget analysts generally have a bachelor's degree in accounting, finance, economics, or a closely related field. Knowledge of Financial Management is of prime importance in this career.

Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  


An underwriter is a person who assesses and evaluates the risk of insurance in his or her field like mortgage, loan, health policy, investment, and so on and so forth. The underwriter career path does involve risks as analysing the risks means finding out if there is a way for the insurance underwriter jobs to recover the money from its clients. If the risk turns out to be too much for the company then in the future it is an underwriter who will be held accountable for it. Therefore, one must carry out his or her job with a lot of attention and diligence.

Finance Executive

Operations manager.

Individuals in the operations manager jobs are responsible for ensuring the efficiency of each department to acquire its optimal goal. They plan the use of resources and distribution of materials. The operations manager's job description includes managing budgets, negotiating contracts, and performing administrative tasks.

Bank Probationary Officer (PO)

Investment director.

An investment director is a person who helps corporations and individuals manage their finances. They can help them develop a strategy to achieve their goals, including paying off debts and investing in the future. In addition, he or she can help individuals make informed decisions.

Welding Engineer

Welding Engineer Job Description: A Welding Engineer work involves managing welding projects and supervising welding teams. He or she is responsible for reviewing welding procedures, processes and documentation. A career as Welding Engineer involves conducting failure analyses and causes on welding issues. 

Transportation Planner

A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.

An expert in plumbing is aware of building regulations and safety standards and works to make sure these standards are upheld. Testing pipes for leakage using air pressure and other gauges, and also the ability to construct new pipe systems by cutting, fitting, measuring and threading pipes are some of the other more involved aspects of plumbing. Individuals in the plumber career path are self-employed or work for a small business employing less than ten people, though some might find working for larger entities or the government more desirable.

Construction Manager

Individuals who opt for a career as construction managers have a senior-level management role offered in construction firms. Responsibilities in the construction management career path are assigning tasks to workers, inspecting their work, and coordinating with other professionals including architects, subcontractors, and building services engineers.

Urban Planner

Urban Planning careers revolve around the idea of developing a plan to use the land optimally, without affecting the environment. Urban planning jobs are offered to those candidates who are skilled in making the right use of land to distribute the growing population, to create various communities. 

Urban planning careers come with the opportunity to make changes to the existing cities and towns. They identify various community needs and make short and long-term plans accordingly.

Highway Engineer

Highway Engineer Job Description:  A Highway Engineer is a civil engineer who specialises in planning and building thousands of miles of roads that support connectivity and allow transportation across the country. He or she ensures that traffic management schemes are effectively planned concerning economic sustainability and successful implementation.

Environmental Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as an environmental engineer are construction professionals who utilise the skills and knowledge of biology, soil science, chemistry and the concept of engineering to design and develop projects that serve as solutions to various environmental problems. 

Naval Architect

A Naval Architect is a professional who designs, produces and repairs safe and sea-worthy surfaces or underwater structures. A Naval Architect stays involved in creating and designing ships, ferries, submarines and yachts with implementation of various principles such as gravity, ideal hull form, buoyancy and stability. 

Orthotist and Prosthetist

Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.

Veterinary Doctor


A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

Speech Therapist


Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth. 

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.


The audiologist career involves audiology professionals who are responsible to treat hearing loss and proactively preventing the relevant damage. Individuals who opt for a career as an audiologist use various testing strategies with the aim to determine if someone has a normal sensitivity to sounds or not. After the identification of hearing loss, a hearing doctor is required to determine which sections of the hearing are affected, to what extent they are affected, and where the wound causing the hearing loss is found. As soon as the hearing loss is identified, the patients are provided with recommendations for interventions and rehabilitation such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, and appropriate medical referrals. While audiology is a branch of science that studies and researches hearing, balance, and related disorders.

Hospital Administrator

The hospital Administrator is in charge of organising and supervising the daily operations of medical services and facilities. This organising includes managing of organisation’s staff and its members in service, budgets, service reports, departmental reporting and taking reminders of patient care and services.

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

Radio Jockey

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.


The word “choreography" actually comes from Greek words that mean “dance writing." Individuals who opt for a career as a choreographer create and direct original dances, in addition to developing interpretations of existing dances. A Choreographer dances and utilises his or her creativity in other aspects of dance performance. For example, he or she may work with the music director to select music or collaborate with other famous choreographers to enhance such performance elements as lighting, costume and set design.


Multimedia specialist.

A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

Social Media Manager

A career as social media manager involves implementing the company’s or brand’s marketing plan across all social media channels. Social media managers help in building or improving a brand’s or a company’s website traffic, build brand awareness, create and implement marketing and brand strategy. Social media managers are key to important social communication as well.

Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism , Advertising , Marketing Management . Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. 

Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

Linguistic meaning is related to language or Linguistics which is the study of languages. A career as a linguistic meaning, a profession that is based on the scientific study of language, and it's a very broad field with many specialities. Famous linguists work in academia, researching and teaching different areas of language, such as phonetics (sounds), syntax (word order) and semantics (meaning). 

Other researchers focus on specialities like computational linguistics, which seeks to better match human and computer language capacities, or applied linguistics, which is concerned with improving language education. Still, others work as language experts for the government, advertising companies, dictionary publishers and various other private enterprises. Some might work from home as freelance linguists. Philologist, phonologist, and dialectician are some of Linguist synonym. Linguists can study French , German , Italian . 

Public Relation Executive

Travel journalist.

The career of a travel journalist is full of passion, excitement and responsibility. Journalism as a career could be challenging at times, but if you're someone who has been genuinely enthusiastic about all this, then it is the best decision for you. Travel journalism jobs are all about insightful, artfully written, informative narratives designed to cover the travel industry. Travel Journalist is someone who explores, gathers and presents information as a news article.

Quality Controller

A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

Production Manager


A QA Lead is in charge of the QA Team. The role of QA Lead comes with the responsibility of assessing services and products in order to determine that he or she meets the quality standards. He or she develops, implements and manages test plans. 

Metallurgical Engineer

A metallurgical engineer is a professional who studies and produces materials that bring power to our world. He or she extracts metals from ores and rocks and transforms them into alloys, high-purity metals and other materials used in developing infrastructure, transportation and healthcare equipment. 

Azure Administrator

An Azure Administrator is a professional responsible for implementing, monitoring, and maintaining Azure Solutions. He or she manages cloud infrastructure service instances and various cloud servers as well as sets up public and private cloud systems. 

AWS Solution Architect

An AWS Solution Architect is someone who specializes in developing and implementing cloud computing systems. He or she has a good understanding of the various aspects of cloud computing and can confidently deploy and manage their systems. He or she troubleshoots the issues and evaluates the risk from the third party. 

Computer Programmer

Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

ITSM Manager

Information security manager.

Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack 

Business Intelligence Developer

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electricity shortage essay

Electricity Shortages: Brace for Impact

Americans can expect to see electricity shortages this summer as traditional  power plants are being retired  more quickly than they can be  replaced by renewable energy  and their required battery storage, the electric grid’s independent system operators warn. Power grids are straining as conventional power plants fueled by coal and nuclear are being retired for intermittent forms of energy  such as wind and solar power that need back up from traditional plants or from battery storage. Wind and solar farms cannot produce electricity 24/7 as Americans demand it and need expensive and large batteries to store their output for later use. While some battery storage capacity is being added, independent grid operators have warned that the rate of the additions may not be fast enough to offset the closures of traditional power plants that can supply power 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Supply chain issues and inflation have slowed adding renewable energy capacity and storage batteries. Further, a probe by the Commerce Department into whether Chinese solar manufacturers are circumventing trade tariffs on solar panels has stopped imports of them and or key components needed to add solar capacity,  bringing the U.S. solar industry to a standstill .

Further exasperating the problem is the push by the Biden administration and many blue states to electrify home heating and cooking and the  sales of electric vehicles that will increase power demand in the future. In California, regulators have indicated that as much as 3,800 megawatts of new renewable capacity may face delays through 2025, posing a major challenge since the state is procuring a huge amount of renewable energy and storage to offset the closure of several gas-fired power plants and the Diablo Canyon nuclear plant. Governor Gavin Newsom indicated that he may consider keeping the nuclear plant online to reduce the risk of shortages, despite campaigning to shut California’s largest single source of carbon-free electricity.

The Midcontinent Independent System Operator (MISO), which oversees a large regional grid spanning much of the Midwest, indicated that capacity shortages may force it to take emergency measures to meet summer demand, mentioning that outages may occur. MISO has undertaken an effort to better value different types of resources based on their ability to support the grid at different times during the year and under various conditions. It is also working to improve the transfer of power across regions when needed.

Nevertheless, the whole strategy of such an energy transition is foolhardy at best.

President Biden and other world leaders believe that there is too much fossil fuel generation and not enough wind and solar power and that one can easily transition to “net zero” carbon by building wind and solar farms and having them replace existing fossil fuel generators. That is pure fantasy since these renewable generators need a reliable back-up. The belief is that battery storage can do the job, but when no wind is blowing and no sun is shining there will be no excess power to put in the batteries for later use. Plus, the cost of battery storage is very expensive and its cost is not built into the cost of wind and solar power that these promotors want the public to believe are inexpensive technologies.

The alternatives of reaching net zero carbon by expanding nuclear power has been made impractical by regulatory obstruction and locations for hydroelectric capacity have been mostly developed. The only option that remains is more generation from wind and solar facilities that have extensive government subsidies, tax benefits and state mandates. While existing fossil fuel generators, and particularly natural gas ones, are fully capable of providing the back-up needed by a principally wind and solar electricity generation system, that option is not allowed by President Biden.

To have an entirely wind and solar generation system and make it through a year without a catastrophic failure, one needs approximately a three-times overbuild (based on rated capacity) of the wind and solar system, plus storage for 24 to 30 days of average usage. As an example, California’s average electricity usage for 2020 was about 31 gigawatts . To calculate the storage needed in gigawatt hours, multiplying the average usage in gigawatts by 30 days and 24 hours per day, gives 22,320 gigawatt hours of storage. For “everything to be electrified” triple the number to 66,960 gigawatt hours. At current costs of a Tesla-type lithium-ion battery (~$150 per kilowatt hour), it will cost California around $10 trillion. But that figure does not include the cost of the three-times overbuild of the generation system to account for charging of the batteries when the sun is shining and wind blowing. Also, Tesla-style batteries cannot hold their charge for months on end.

Biden’s energy transition should be supported by engineering studies to show how much battery power is needed and at what national cost. But such studies do not exist. One analyst calculated the cost of such a system as well over $100 trillion , assuming that battery technology exists and can store large amounts of energy for months on end for discharge later and assuming current levels of electricity demand. That is more than the entire U.S. GDP, which is currently around $23 trillion. Nonetheless, President Biden wants to accomplish his carbon-free electricity goal by 2035. (The assumptions were a storage need of 250,000 gigawatt hours for the United States at current electricity usage and the second cheapest battery based on zinc technology, at $433 per kilowatt hour.)

The consequences of massively building wind turbines and solar panels, while forcing the closure of fully-operational power plants burning coal, oil and natural gas is dire. It could be that millions may be left without heat or that a fully-electrified transportation system gets knocked out, stranding millions. Military capabilities could also get disabled, making the United States vulnerable to attack, given Biden’s promise to make all vehicles in the military run on new forms of energy.

Independent system operators are warning that Americans can expect electricity shortages this summer, which will potentially cause blackouts. Those shortages are caused by the reckless move of transitioning the country to wind and solar power and retiring existing conventional generating technologies fueled by coal, natural gas and nuclear power. Despite the capital costs of most of the current conventional technologies having already been paid by consumers, President Biden wants Americans to spend trillions to obtain a net-zero carbon grid by 2035 and to further electrify the U.S. economy, which will increase electricity demand. After decades of subsidies and mandates, wind and solar units currently generate only 12 percent of the electricity in the United States, and a much smaller portion of overall energy consumption.

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  • 16 December 2022

Energy crisis: five questions that must be answered in 2023

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Andreas Goldthau is a professor at the Willy Brandt School of Public Policy, University of Erfurt, Germany, and research group lead at the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies, Potsdam, Germany.

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Energy markets have been on a roller-coaster ride this year. In response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Western countries imposed financial sanctions on Russia and embargoed its oil exports. Russia cut its gas supplies to Europe in retaliation. Major importers such as Germany had to slash their energy use and look elsewhere for supplies. Low- and middle-income nations struggled to access affordable energy. Countries including Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka faced blackouts; fuel price hikes spilled over into food markets.

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Save Electricity Essay for Students and Children

500+ words essay on save electricity.

Electricity is an essential resource for a thriving life. It runs our daily life. Life without electricity would be impossible to imagine now. We generate electricity using coal or natural gas. However, people do not realize the natural resources to do as are limited and non-renewable. We must conserve electricity so that we can conserve these resources.

Save Electricity Essay

In other words, electricity serves mankind greatly. We must stop the wastage of power. The world will lose its light if there is no electricity. Moreover, careless behavior by humans must be checked. We need to realize the importance of electricity to save ourselves from the darkness.

Need for Electricity

Electricity is needed in almost every sphere of life now. We need it to lead a comfortable life full of all amenities and services. The world will become dormant without electricity. For instance, all our health and education facilities are conditioned by electricity. If there is no electricity, the surgeon won’t be able to perform his surgery. Moreover, students won’t be able to gain practical knowledge.

Likewise, motor mechanics in the garages and engineers in the factory depend on electricity. Furthermore, the passengers at the railway station and the airport can travel safely due to electricity only.

In addition, various means of transportation depend on electricity only. Trams and metros carry thousands of people every day. All this is made possible due to electricity only. Electricity boosts our modern life and helps in making it civilized.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

How to Save Electricity

Firstly, all of us must understand that even a small step will go a very long way in saving electricity. For instance, if every person at each home switches on the fan when not in use, thousands of watts of electricity can be saved.

Similarly, if we use our air conditioners, heaters, ovens, refrigerators and more properly, we can successfully save large amounts of electricity.

electricity shortage essay

Furthermore, try making use of natural light more. Do not keep the lights unnecessarily in the morning and afternoons. Make do with the natural light as it is enough. We must replace all our old appliances as they consume a lot of electricity. In other words, we must strive to make our homes energy efficient.

Moreover, always remember to unplug your electrical gadgets when not in use. These devices consume at least 10% of electricity even when inactive. Thus, unplug them to save electricity.

In addition, try to cut down your TV watching time. Encourage kids to read and play outside instead. Likewise, try using laptops in place of desktops. Desktops consume more energy than a laptop. You must also switch off the fans if you using your air conditioner, thereby avoiding unnecessary wastage.

Most importantly, installing solar panels can help you excessively. They are very economical and help in saving a lot of energy. The solar panels will help in consuming lesser energy that too economically. Similarly, the industries which use megawatts of electricity must install windmills. This can help in getting cheap electricity through natural means.

{ “@context”: “https://schema.org”, “@type”: “FAQPage”, “mainEntity”: [{ “@type”: “Question”, “name”: “Why is Electricity important?”, “acceptedAnswer”: { “@type”: “Answer”, “text”: “Electricity powers all the facilities now. It helps a surgeon perform life-saving surgery. Similarly, it helps students in learning practical knowledge at school. Furthermore, people lead a comfortable life all thanks to electricity.”} }, { “@type”: “Question”, “name”: “How can we save electricity?”, “acceptedAnswer”: { “@type”: “Answer”, “text”:”One can adopt a number of ways to save electricity. Make sure to use natural light to the fullest and avoid turning on lights in the morning and afternoon. Moreover, always switch off fans and lights when not in use. Unplug your gadgets and install solar panels to get economic electricity.”} }] }

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Global Energy Crisis Cover Image Abstract Power Plant At Sunset

How the energy crisis started, how global energy markets are impacting our daily life, and what governments are doing about it

Global Energy Crisis

  • English English

What is the energy crisis?

Record prices, fuel shortages, rising poverty, slowing economies: the first energy crisis that's truly global.

Energy markets began to tighten in 2021 because of a variety of factors, including the extraordinarily rapid economic rebound following the pandemic. But the situation escalated dramatically into a full-blown global energy crisis following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. The price of natural gas reached record highs, and as a result so did electricity in some markets. Oil prices hit their highest level since 2008. 

Higher energy prices have contributed to painfully high inflation, pushed families into poverty, forced some factories to curtail output or even shut down, and slowed economic growth to the point that some countries are heading towards severe recession. Europe, whose gas supply is uniquely vulnerable because of its historic reliance on Russia, could face gas rationing this winter, while many emerging economies are seeing sharply higher energy import bills and fuel shortages. While today’s energy crisis shares some parallels with the oil shocks of the 1970s, there are important differences. Today’s crisis involves all fossil fuels, while the 1970s price shocks were largely limited to oil at a time when the global economy was much more dependent on oil, and less dependent on gas. The entire word economy is much more interlinked than it was 50 years ago, magnifying the impact. That’s why we can refer to this as the first truly global energy crisis.

Some gas-intensive manufacturing plants in Europe have curtailed output because they can’t afford to keep operating, while in China some have simply had their power supply cut. In emerging and developing economies, where the share of household budgets spent on energy and food is already large, higher energy bills have increased extreme poverty and set back progress towards achieving universal and affordable energy access. Even in advanced economies, rising prices have impacted vulnerable households and caused significant economic, social and political strains.

Climate policies have been blamed in some quarters for contributing to the recent run-up in energy prices, but there is no evidence. In fact, a greater supply of clean energy sources and technologies would have protected consumers and mitigated some of the upward pressure on fuel prices.

Russia's invasion of Ukraine drove European and Asian gas prices to record highs

Evolution of key regional natural gas prices, june 2021-october 2022, what is causing it, disrupted supply chains, bad weather, low investment, and then came russia's invasion of ukraine.

Energy prices have been rising since 2021 because of the rapid economic recovery, weather conditions in various parts of the world, maintenance work that had been delayed by the pandemic, and earlier decisions by oil and gas companies and exporting countries to reduce investments. Russia began withholding gas supplies to Europe in 2021, months ahead of its invasion of Ukraine. All that led to already tight supplies. Russia’s attack on Ukraine greatly exacerbated the situation . The United States and the EU imposed a series of sanctions on Russia and many European countries declared their intention to phase out Russian gas imports completely. Meanwhile, Russia has increasingly curtailed or even turned off its export pipelines. Russia is by far the world’s largest exporter of fossil fuels, and a particularly important supplier to Europe. In 2021, a quarter of all energy consumed in the EU came from Russia. As Europe sought to replace Russian gas, it bid up prices of US, Australian and Qatari ship-borne liquefied natural gas (LNG), raising prices and diverting supply away from traditional LNG customers in Asia. Because gas frequently sets the price at which electricity is sold, power prices soared as well. Both LNG producers and importers are rushing to build new infrastructure to increase how much LNG can be traded internationally, but these costly projects take years to come online. Oil prices also initially soared as international trade routes were reconfigured after the United States, many European countries and some of their Asian allies said they would no longer buy Russian oil. Some shippers have declined to carry Russian oil because of sanctions and insurance risk. Many large oil producers were unable to boost supply to meet rising demand – even with the incentive of sky-high prices – because of a lack of investment in recent years. While prices have come down from their peaks, the outlook is uncertain with new rounds of European sanctions on Russia kicking in later this year.

What is being done?

Pandemic hangovers and rising interest rates limit public responses, while some countries turn to coal.

Some governments are looking to cushion the blow for customers and businesses, either through direct assistance, or by limiting prices for consumers and then paying energy providers the difference. But with inflation in many countries well above target and budget deficits already large because of emergency spending during the Covid-19 pandemic, the scope for cushioning the impact is more limited than in early 2020. Rising inflation has triggered increases in short-term interest rates in many countries, slowing down economic growth. Europeans have rushed to increase gas imports from alternative producers such as Algeria, Norway and Azerbaijan. Several countries have resumed or expanded the use of coal for power generation, and some are extending the lives of nuclear plants slated for de-commissioning. EU members have also introduced gas storage obligations, and agreed on voluntary targets to cut gas and electricity demand by 15% this winter through efficiency measures, greater use of renewables, and support for efficiency improvements. To ensure adequate oil supplies, the IEA and its members responded with the two largest ever releases of emergency oil stocks. With two decisions – on 1 March 2022 and 1 April – the IEA coordinated the release of some 182 million barrels of emergency oil from public stocks or obligated stocks held by industry. Some IEA member countries independently released additional public stocks, resulting in a total of over 240 million barrels being released between March and November 2022.

The IEA has also published action plans to cut oil use with immediate impact, as well as plans for how Europe can reduce its reliance on Russian gas and how common citizens can reduce their energy consumption . The invasion has sparked a reappraisal of energy policies and priorities, calling into question the viability of decades of infrastructure and investment decisions, and profoundly reorientating international energy trade. Gas had been expected to play a key role in many countries as a lower-emitting "bridge" between dirtier fossil fuels and renewable energies. But today’s crisis has called into question natural gas’ reliability.

The current crisis could accelerate the rollout of cleaner, sustainable renewable energy such as wind and solar, just as the 1970s oil shocks spurred major advances in energy efficiency, as well as in nuclear, solar and wind power. The crisis has also underscored the importance of investing in robust gas and power network infrastructure to better integrate regional markets. The EU’s RePowerEU, presented in May 2022 and the United States’ Inflation Reduction Act , passed in August 2022, both contain major initiatives to develop energy efficiency and promote renewable energies. 

The global energy crisis can be a historic turning point

Energy saving tips

Global Energy Crisis Energy Tips Infographic

1. Heating: turn it down

Lower your thermostat by just 1°C to save around 7% of your heating energy and cut an average bill by EUR 50-70 a year. Always set your thermostat as low as feels comfortable, and wear warm clothes indoors. Use a programmable thermostat to set the temperature to 15°C while you sleep and 10°C when the house is unoccupied. This cuts up to 10% a year off heating bills. Try to only heat the room you’re in or the rooms you use regularly.

The same idea applies in hot weather. Turn off air-conditioning when you’re out. Set the overall temperature 1 °C warmer to cut bills by up to 10%. And only cool the room you’re in.

2. Boiler: adjust the settings

Default boiler settings are often higher than you need. Lower the hot water temperature to save 8% of your heating energy and cut EUR 100 off an average bill.  You may have to have the plumber come once if you have a complex modern combi boiler and can’t figure out the manual. Make sure you follow local recommendations or consult your boiler manual. Swap a bath for a shower to spend less energy heating water. And if you already use a shower, take a shorter one. Hot water tanks and pipes should be insulated to stop heat escaping. Clean wood- and pellet-burning heaters regularly with a wire brush to keep them working efficiently.

3. Warm air: seal it in

Close windows and doors, insulate pipes and draught-proof around windows, chimneys and other gaps to keep the warm air inside. Unless your home is very new, you will lose heat through draughty doors and windows, gaps in the floor, or up the chimney. Draught-proof these gaps with sealant or weather stripping to save up to EUR 100 a year. Install tight-fitting curtains or shades on windows to retain even more heat. Close fireplace and chimney openings (unless a fire is burning) to stop warm air escaping straight up the chimney. And if you never use your fireplace, seal the chimney to stop heat escaping.

4. Lightbulbs: swap them out

Replace old lightbulbs with new LED ones, and only keep on the lights you need. LED bulbs are more efficient than incandescent and halogen lights, they burn out less frequently, and save around EUR 10 a year per bulb. Check the energy label when buying bulbs, and aim for A (the most efficient) rather than G (the least efficient). The simplest and easiest way to save energy is to turn lights off when you leave a room.

5. Grab a bike

Walking or cycling are great alternatives to driving for short journeys, and they help save money, cut emissions and reduce congestion. If you can, leave your car at home for shorter journeys; especially if it’s a larger car. Share your ride with neighbours, friends and colleagues to save energy and money. You’ll also see big savings and health benefits if you travel by bike. Many governments also offer incentives for electric bikes.

6. Use public transport

For longer distances where walking or cycling is impractical, public transport still reduces energy use, congestion and air pollution. If you’re going on a longer trip, consider leaving your car at home and taking the train. Buy a season ticket to save money over time. Your workplace or local government might also offer incentives for travel passes. Plan your trip in advance to save on tickets and find the best route.

7. Drive smarter

Optimise your driving style to reduce fuel consumption: drive smoothly and at lower speeds on motorways, close windows at high speeds and make sure your tires are properly inflated. Try to take routes that avoid heavy traffic and turn off the engine when you’re not moving. Drive 10 km/h slower on motorways to cut your fuel bill by around EUR 60 per year. Driving steadily between 50-90 km/h can also save fuel. When driving faster than 80 km/h, it’s more efficient to use A/C, rather than opening your windows. And service your engine regularly to maintain energy efficiency.

Analysis and forecast to 2026

Fuel report — December 2023

Photo Showing Portal Cranes Over Huge Heaps Of Coal In The Murmansk Commercial Seaport Russia Shutterstock 1978777190

Europe’s energy crisis: Understanding the drivers of the fall in electricity demand

Eren Çam

Commentary — 09 May 2023

Where things stand in the global energy crisis one year on

Dr Fatih Birol

Commentary — 23 February 2023

The global energy crisis pushed fossil fuel consumption subsidies to an all-time high in 2022

Toru Muta

Commentary — 16 February 2023

Fossil Fuels Consumption Subsidies 2022

Policy report — February 2023

Aerial view of coal power plant high pipes with black smoke moving up polluting atmosphere at sunset.

Background note on the natural gas supply-demand balance of the European Union in 2023

Report — February 2023

Analysis and forecast to 2025

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How to Avoid Gas Shortages in the European Union in 2023

A practical set of actions to close a potential supply-demand gap

Flagship report — December 2022

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Electricity Shortage in Pakistan, Causes, Effects, Solutions

English Essay on Electricity Shortage in Pakistan & Its Solution Pakistan is facing an acute electricity shortage due to a number of factors including low gas supply high demand and insufficient power generation capacity. The country’s energy sector is in a state of crisis with power cuts lasting up to 18 hours a day in some parts of the country. This has led to widespread protests and unrest as well as a significant impact on the economy. The government has been working to address the issue but the situation remains critical.

Pakistan is an electricity-deficient country with an acute energy crisis. The energy sector is in a shambles with widespread power outages and load shedding commonplace. The country’s power plants are unable to meet the rising demand for electricity resulting in a shortfall of around 4,000 megawatts (MW). This has caused immense problems for businesses and households alike as well as for Pakistan’s economy as a whole.

Electricity Shortage in Pakistan, Causes, Effects, Solutions

Table of Contents

What Are Some of the Effects of the Electricity Shortage?

Electricity shortages can have a number of effects on the people of Pakistan. For one, they can lead to blackouts, which can disrupt the normal functioning of businesses and homes. They can also cause prices to rise, as manufacturers and businesses have to pay more for electricity. And finally, they can lead to health concerns, as people who are unable to get access to clean energy may be at a greater risk for illnesses such as respiratory problems.

Causes of Electricity Shortage in Pakistan

Electricity shortage in Pakistan is a perennial problem. The country has a large population and growing demand for electricity, but inadequate infrastructure and outdated technology have prevented the country from meeting its energy needs.

Several causes of the electricity shortage in Pakistan can be traced back to years of mismanagement and neglect. The government has failed to invest in necessary infrastructure such as power plants, transmission lines, and storage facilities. This has led to chronic shortages of electricity that have become even more acute in recent years as the country has been struggling with economic recession.

Pakistan has also failed in constructing any new mega dam for electricity production. Wapda is unable to control the line losses. We could not even promote solar and wind energy. Our atomic program is also not emphasizing on electricity production. We are unable to import electricity from Iran and India due to political reasons. Kala Bagh dam has become a political issue. Electricity theft is also a big issue. Dr Samar Mubarak Mand has failed in using the Thar coal for electricity production.

Furthermore, Pakistan’s aging electrical grid is badly in need of renovation. Even if all the necessary upgrades were made, it is estimated that it would take at least 10 years to bring the grid up to modern standards. This means that there will a delay in overcoming the electricity shortage in Pakistan.

What are Citizens’ Reactions to the Electricity Shortage?

The electricity shortage in Pakistan has caused widespread panic and concern among citizens. Many people have been left without power for long periods of time, which has led to widespread frustration and anger. Citizens are worried about the safety of themselves and their families during this time of crisis, and they are also concerned about the economic consequences of the shortage. Many businesses have been forced to close down due to the lack of electricity, which has had a negative impact on the economy as a whole. The government is doing everything it can to address the problem, but it will likely take some time for things to get back to normal.

What are the Government’s Responses to the Electricity Shortage?

The electricity shortage in Pakistan is a problem that has been lingering for years. The government has responded to the electricity shortage by investing in renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind, but it has been difficult to implement these solutions due to the lack of infrastructure and funds. Additionally, the government has tried to address the shortages by importing electricity from neighboring countries, but this solution is also not sustainable. The government needs to find a long-term solution to the electricity shortage if it wants to avoid further economic instability and social unrest.

Solutions of Electricity Shortage in Pakistan

Electricity shortage is a serious problem in Pakistan. The country has an electricity demand of around 25000 MW but only 20,000 MW of electricity is generated. This shortfall has led to blackouts and rolling power failures. Various solutions to address the electricity shortage have been proposed by experts and government officials. These include increasing the generation capacity, importing more electricity from other countries, building new power plants or reforming the distribution network.

Suggestions For Overcoming Electricity Shortage in Pakistan

We should also build Kala Bagh dam immediately. There is a need of using Thar coal for electricity production. Hydroelectricity production is the best solution of energy crisis in Pakistan. We need to use water of canals and rivers for generation of electricity. Our atomic scientists should try too use atomic energy for producing more and more electricity. Thar coal must be used for generation of electricity. We also need to minimize the circular debt. Private sector should be encouraged to invest in energy sector. Last but not least we must make a electricity commission for addressing this grave problem.

Conclusion The government has been trying to address the issue through a number of measures such as building new power plants and upgrading existing ones but these have not been enough to solve the problem. The country will need to make more significant changes if it is to overcome its energy crisis.


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electricity shortage essay

Elon Musk’s prediction about electricity shortages: “I think next year, you’ll see they just can’t find enough electricity”

Electricity shortages will be the next global problem, predicts Tesla Motors CEO Elon Musk.

The billionaire made this prediction at the Bosch Connected World conference, explaining that “a year ago, the shortage was chips; neural net chips.” Musk explained that the chip shortage made it “easy to predict that the next shortage [would] be voltage step-down transformers.”

“ You’ve got to feed the power to these things. If you’ve got 100-300 kilovolts coming out of a utility and it’s got to step down all the way to six volts, that’s a lot of stepping down ,” said the X owner.

Musk highlighted the rapid advancement of artificial intelligence and the progress in developing autonomous vehicles as factors that could potentially lead to electrical shortages. “I have never seen any technology advance faster,” he said, referring to these two factors. Additionally, he stated that the demand for chips “is bigger than any gold fever that has ever existed.”

Firm commitment to renewable energies

The billionaire expressed concern about the increasing demand for electricity due to the rapid growth of AI and computing technologies. He predicted that the current rate of AI computing growth, which is doubling every six months, is unsustainable in the long run. Musk warned that by next year, there might not be enough electricity to power all the computer chips. Musk emphasized the need for clean energy generation to address this issue and proposed transitioning from fossil fuels to renewable energies . He believes that this transition is crucial to avoid potential electricity supply bottlenecks and pave the way for the greatest technological revolution in history.

According to Musk’s calculations, the new scenario would involve 30 Terawatts (30,000 gigawatts) of wind and solar parks and 240 TWh of storage. In 2022, he made this proposal to the Government of Spain . “I should build a massive solar array. “It could feed all of Europe.” Musk’s idea was to build a solar array that would produce energy for the entire continent, taking advantage of the hours of light that our country enjoys.

FILE PHOTO: Elon Musk, CEO of SpaceX and Tesla and owner of X, formerly known as Twitter, attends the Viva Technology conference dedicated to innovation and startups at the Porte de Versailles exhibition centre in Paris, France, June 16, 2023. REUTERS/Gonzalo Fuentes/File Photo

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Electricity crisis

Electricity crisis

Introduction: Pakistan is a country which Has been blessed with all natural resources by Allah Almighty. For the past few years we are facing electricity crisis because the demand of electricity is being more than the production. We have 20 organization including government and private which produce electricity for example WAPDA (Water and Power Development Authority), KESC (Karachi Electric Supply Company), IPPs (Independent Power Procedures), and PAEC (Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission). Electricity primary produced from hydropower. Objective:

Although we have all of the natural resources and nuclear power but we are facing load- shedding. Electricity is one of the most important, which plays a vital role in the progress of any country. Our economy largely depended on electricity. And we are unable to meet our basic needs so how can we progress and compete with other countries. Background:

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Few years back, in 1996 Pakistan has the ability to produce 1500 MW electricity which was more than enough to meet our needs. WAPDA and KESC are responsible for the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity throughout the Pakistan. A decade back we have only increased from 1000 to 2000 MW which shows our poor leadership and mismanagement. Load shedding effects on the rest of the economy. Thesis statement:

Causes of electricity crisis in Pakistan are due to poor technology, corruption and lack of funds. Methodology: To check our hypothesis and topic, we have conducted a survey. Our sample consists of 10 question and we conduct it from 30 students and teachers. Their ages are ranging from 18-40 years. Our sample is well divided in 15 males and 15 females. Findings:

Pakistan is using Poor Technology in the production of electricity. Electricity is mostly being produced in Pakistan through “Hydrel Power Plant”. In Hydrel Power Plant, two methods are used such as: 1. Dams

2. Run of the river projects These both methods are based on the water. When water flows through turbine, electricity is produced. Now it is dependent on water and it stores water from raining and the melting of glaciers.

This water is also used for irrigation purposes in summer. If there will be lack of raining and glaciers will not melt then there will be shortage of water and Hydrel power plants will be unable to produce any electricity. The electricity which is supplied from grid stations to houses and buildings through wires have become old and we have to face the loss of 15 to 20 percent of electricity only because of this poor quality wiring. Once electricity is supplied through the main point ( grid station) then it has to face hurdles at different points because the wires has been used so much that they are unable to transfer maximum amount of electricity to the houses and large amount of energy is being wasted by them. The infrastructure is old and deteriorated. The system is unable to sustain extreme weather conditions hence most of the grids shut down at extreme temperature or either completely stops working. Our every dam that is Warsak, Mangla and Tarbela dams have become old that they can’t store water in large quantity and they are unable to produce enough electricity for domestic use even. These dams are out of date now. Lack of funds: is another big reason of this power crisis.

The governments of Pakistan do not have enough funds so that they can make new dams to fulfill the requirement of electricity. This is because companies from different parts of the world do not make any investment in Pakistan due to which Pakistan cannot make money and the government of Pakistan has to face a gigantic crisis in their funds. When the budget is made, a very small amount of money was secured for this production of electricity due to which new projects can’t be made. We have insufficient technical school for training people how to produce electricity and how to use modern technology. We are mainly dependent on oil, gas and water for production of electricity and they are highly expensive and we cannot even afford this expensive production of electricity with this small amount of funds due to which we are highly facing this power crisis. We should install modern technology like Wind power plant, Solar energy etc for cheaper production of electricity but we have not enough funds to install such kind of modern technologies. As we are all aware of the Prices of petrol changes on weekly basis and we are not strictly bound with international market and its price control department. Due to which of power plants of KESC and WAPDA which are generating electricity from fuel are highly affected and they are bound to produce very expensive electricity and that price has to be paid by the customers . This is done only for the own leisure of the government of Pakistan to make money for themselves by rising the prices of oil from a certain level and due to which county has to suffer from lack of funds. There is also UNEQUAL distribution of electricity in different regions of Pakistan. In Karachi, there is very less amount of energy crisis as compared to all other cities like Lahore, Islamabad, and Multan etc. This is because KESC being privatized is supplying larger electricity to Karachi and the electricity which is being supplied to all other cities are lesser. Corruption: has been made through different power plants projects like Rental Power Plants. The contract was to be made with Turkey that Rental Power Plants will produce the electricity of 16000 MW but they could only produce the electricity of 323 MW. The government was fully aware of this fraud but they themselves were involved in this whole situation for their own benefit. The governmental departments like Railway, Police, and PIA never give their outstanding dues to power supply companies due to which the power supply companies have to face an intense financial loss. The people of Pakistan are also involved in this corruption. They use “Kunda System” to steal electricity which highly illegal. They are also used to slow down the speed and reading of meter so that they could save themselves from paying high amount of bills.

Kala Bagh project was started in 1984 with the help of United Nations under the supervision of World Bank with Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA). The team of this project were asked to complete the Detailed Designs and Contract Documents for making it ready to enter into the implementation stage. This task was completed in another two and half years and the project was ready for start of construction. But unfortunately, this programme could not be settled due to opposition from some Provincial Governments, mainly on political grounds. Repeated efforts were made by various successive governments but the, so called, consensus could not come to an end because the provinces were against each other for this project and were thinking about their own benefits , ignoring the importance of this project due to which Pakistan had to face the loss of 3.4 billion US dollars. And Pakistan is suffering from a major Energy crisis. Conclusion:

From all these information we conclude that there are many hurdles which should be over come as soon as possible. Government of Pakistan should take firm steps to overcome this problem these are as follow. 1. Line loses: Pakistan is using old and primitive ways for the generation and distribution of electricity throughout the Pakistan. Pakistan actually distributes electricity through long wires which are due to climatic changes are broken and have become old due to which large amount of electricity is wasted during transmission. 2. Inadequate power generation capacity: Government of Pakistan has lesser power houses for production of electricity and due to which they are unable to fulfill the basic needs of their nation. 3. Primitive way of production: Pakistan used old techniques for the generation and distribution of electricity. This is causing shortage of electricity in Pakistan. 4 .Inappropriate distribution system: We are living in scientific era but Pakistani government still use old techniques rather than modern techniques which also cause shortage of electricity. Recommendations:

We shall alternate our old ways of production of with. 1. Nuclear energy: Production of electricity from nuclear power plant is one of new and expensive technique which is efficiently used in many developed countries. To build a nuclear power house it is highly costly and expensive but it includes low fuel cost. 2. Solar energy: It is the most common method which has been using by all developing countries for the generation of electricity. Solar energy is converted into electrical energy by using photovoltaic. Its installation cost is high but it has low maintenance cost. 3. Wind energy: it is the conversion of natural wind into electricity. It is very cheap and economically. 4. Bio-mass and Bio-fuel: Electricity produces from derived animals and plants. It is 2nd largest source of electricity. It is very cheap and effective method.

Bibliography gillani, s. (2011, july 15). energy crisis. karachi, sindh, pakistan. husnain, a. (2013, april 19). electricity crisis. husnain, a. i. (2013, april 16). electricity crisis. javed, z. (2011, september wednessday). daily times. Retrieved from www.dailytimes.com.pk: www.daily times.com.pk munir, u. (2005, january 12). Retrieved from kalabagh.blogspot.com: kalabagh.blogspot.com

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Electricity Crisis in Pakistan Essay

This topic is related to the Electricity Crisis in Pakistan Essay and it is one of the major reasons which are hindering the economic growth of Pakistan. The unavailability of power is affecting directly or indirectly every sector of life. Making people feel frustrated as well as helpless. The load-shedding span has amounted to almost 6 hours a day for industries and about 4 hours for domestic consumers. This destructive power shortage has brought the industrialist as well as the local people on the roads for an urge of protest, but despite all such anti-government actions this struggle is in vain as there is no progress in the electricity supply to the consumers. Due to the unavailability of electricity Pakistan’s export is highly affected as industries are unable to meet up to the orders leaving their clients with no other option instead of switching to other vendors in other countries.

Electricity Crisis in Pakistan

This is not only about the export but the national producers are shifting their production plants to nearby countries like Bangladesh and China where electricity supply is convenient and side by side cheap. In the past 4 years, modern cities are experiencing about 8-12 hours of load shedding as compared to the rural areas where load shedding has to accede to almost 12-14 hours of load shedding. This Electricity Crisis in Pakistan is also affecting the gross domestic product of our country as the country’s GDP is decreasing to 2% every passing year indicating a destructive economic breakdown in the near future if this problem is not coped up.

Electricity Crisis in Pakistan

This Electricity Crisis in Pakistan is ultimately becoming the major cause of increasing unemployment in our country. There is no electricity so industries are being forced to fully shut down leaving the labor and employees helpless and without any jobs. It is stated that in the last 3 years, thousands of employees who have lost their job due to this energy crisis have returned to their homes from where they have come in search of jobs. Many of the orders were canceled in industries and were not canceled and never met the prescribed standards and quality. Karachi Electric Supply Corporation (KESC) is blamed for this electricity shortage but according to them they are also handcuffed by the gas suppliers as they required 22 million cubic feet of gas for normal production which is reduced to about 115 million cubic meters a day, so when there will be no fuel there will be no electricity produced. So, in conclusion, Pakistan is facing one of the most disparaging and critical Electricity crises in Pakistan and if it is not resolved as a major priority Pakistan’s economy which is still not developed will be in real-time danger.

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  18. Electricity Crisis In Pakistan Economics Essay

    As the economy of Pakistan is suffering from crisis too due to the electricity crisis, the value of Rupee is falling. Pakistan's small manufacturing markets are being affected severely by the rise in energy prices. Manufacturing industries utilize 33% of production cost in terms of energy prices.

  19. The Eskom Crisis A reflective Essay

    The essay further identifies questions that a critical thinker would have asked at various points in the decision-making chain. The timeline of important events leading to and since the crisis culminating in load-shedding are appended. The essay establishes the lessons learned from the Eskom crisis about decision making and critical thinking.

  20. Electricity crisis

    2. Inadequate power generation capacity: Government of Pakistan has lesser power houses for production of electricity and due to which they are unable to fulfill the basic needs of their nation. 3. Primitive way of production: Pakistan used old techniques for the generation and distribution of electricity.

  21. Electricity Crisis in Pakistan Essay

    This topic is related to the Electricity Crisis in Pakistan Essay and it is one of the major reasons which are hindering the economic growth of Pakistan. The unavailability of power is affecting directly or indirectly every sector of life. Making people feel frustrated as well as helpless. The load-shedding span has amounted to almost 6 hours a ...

  22. The Electricity Crisis Is Here

    But what really caught my interest was what I am sure was an unanticipated result of the push for green energy. A housing crisis in the UK is being severely exacerbated by a lack of electricity supply. You see, you can't build housing without connecting it to the grid, and the capacity to do so isn't there.

  23. Electricity Shortage Essay

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  24. Electricity Shortage Essay

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